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FRAGRANCE

Health Concerns of the Ingredient:
Overall Hazard
 
 
Cancer
 
 
Developmental &
reproductive toxicity
 
 
 
Use restrictions
 
 
Other HIGH concerns: Miscellaneous; Other MODERATE concerns: Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs), Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive); Other LOW concerns: Ecotoxicology

About FRAGRANCE: The word "fragrance" or "parfum" on the product label represents an undisclosed mixture of various scent chemicals and ingredients used as fragrance dispersants such as diethyl phthalate. Fragrance mi ... read more

Function(s): DEODORANT; MASKING; PERFUMING

Synoym(s): AROMA; PARFUM

Allergies/immunotoxicity

Concern Reference
Known human immune system toxicant or allergenSCCNFP (The Scientific Committee on Cosmetic Products and Non-Food Products Intended for Consumers)
Known human immune toxicant or allergenScientific Committee on Consumer Safety
Known human immune toxicant or allergenThe Scientific Committee on Cosmetic Products and Non-Food Products Intended for Consumers
Human immune toxicant or allergen - strong evidenceTatyana Hamilton & Gillian C
One or more human case studies show significant immune or allergenic effectsAnne Birgitte Simonsen, Mette Deleuran, Jeanne Duus Johansen & Mette Sommerlund
One or more human case studies show significant immune or allergenic effectsSC Rastogi, S Heydorn, JD Johansen & DA Basketter

Miscellaneous

Concern Reference
Ingredient not fully labeled - identity unknown

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Concern Reference
Possible human respiratory toxicantKumar P, Caradonna-Graham VM, Gupta S, Cai X, Rao PN, Thompson J

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

Concern Reference
Human respiratory irritant - moderate evidenceJ Elberling, P
Human respiratory irritant - moderate evidenceJ Elberling, A

Ecotoxicology

Concern Reference
Wildlife and environmental toxicityEU Ecolabel

Data gaps

Concern Reference
5,172 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical see search results ->NLM PubMed

Data Sources

Anne Birgitte Simonsen, Mette Deleuran, Jeanne Duus Johansen & Mette Sommerlund. 2011. Contact allergy and allergic contact dermatitis in children - a review of current data. Contact dermatitis 65(5), 254-65.
EU Ecolabel. Detergents Ingredients Database
EU Ecolabel. Detergents Ingredients Database
J Elberling, A. Lerbaek, K. O. Kyvik & J. Hjelmborg. 2009. A twin study of perfume-related respiratory symptoms. International journal of hygiene and environmental health 212(6), 670-8.
J Elberling, P. S. Skov, H. Mosbech, H. Holst, A. Dirksen & J. D. Johansen. 2007. Increased release of histamine in patients with respiratory symptoms related to perfume. Clinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology 37(11), 1676-80.
Kumar P, Caradonna-Graham VM, Gupta S, Cai X, Rao PN, Thompson J. Inhalation challenge effects of perfume scent strips in patients with asthma. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 1995 Nov;75(5):429-33.
NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
SC Rastogi, S Heydorn, JD Johansen & DA Basketter. 2001. Fragrance chemicals in domestic and occupational products. Contact dermatitis 45(4), 221-5.
SCCNFP (The Scientific Committee on Cosmetic Products and Non-Food Products Intended for Consumers). 1999. Opinion concerning fragrance allergy in consumers. A review of the problem. Analysis of the need for appropriate consumer information and identification of consumer allergens. SCCNFP/0017/98 Final. December 1999.
Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety. OPINION on Fragrance allergens in cosmetic products. June 2012
Tatyana Hamilton & Gillian C. de Gannes. 2011. Allergic contact dermatitis to preservatives and fragrances in cosmetics. Skin therapy letter 16(4), 1-4.
The Scientific Committee on Cosmetic Products and Non-Food Products Intended for Consumers. 2002. POSITION STATEMENT CONCERNING FRAGRANCE CHEMICALS IN DETERGENTS AND OTHER HOUSEHOLD PRODUCTS. SCCNFP/0588/02, final.

About the ratings

EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer