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D&C YELLOW 10 ALUMINUM LAKE

Health Concerns of the Ingredient:
Overall Hazard
 
 
Cancer
 
 
Developmental &
reproductive toxicity
 
 
Allergies & immunotoxicity
 
 
Other LOW concerns: Ecotoxicology, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

About D&C YELLOW 10 ALUMINUM LAKE: In industrial production of colorants, the term "lake" is applied to pigments or dyes that are precipitated with metal salts such as aluminum, calcium, barium, or others. Most lake pigments ... read more

This ingredient may be derived from animals. From PETA's Caring Consumer: Pigments from animal, plant, and synthetic sources used to color foods, cosmetics, and other products. Cochineal is from insects. Widely used FD&C and D&C colors are coaltar (bituminous coal) derivati ... read more

Function(s): Colorant; HAIR DYEING

Synonym(s): YELLOW 10 LAKE, C.I. PIGMENT YELLOW 115; D AND C YELLOW NO. 10, ALUMINUM LAKE; D&C YELLOW 10 AL LAKE; D&C YELLOW 10 LAKE; D&C YELLOW NO. 10 AL LAKE; D&C YELLOW NO. 10 ALUMINUM LAKE

Use restrictions

Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - FDA Color Additive Status

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Concern Reference
Limited evidence of toxicity (only for products that may be aerosolized (airborne))Klaassen, C
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Ecotoxicology

Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxin and be persistent or bioaccumulative (uncertainty in environmental toxicity or persistence/bioaccumulation)Environment Canada Domestic Substance List
Uncertain environmental toxin and uncertain persistent or bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

Concern Reference

Persistence and bioaccumulation

Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.
EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
European Commission. 2013. Cosing, the European Commission database with information on cosmetic substances and ingredients. Accessed on March 1, 2013 at http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/cosmetics/cosing/ .
FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
Klaassen, C., M. Amdur and J. Doull (eds.). Casarett and Doull
NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.

About the ratings

EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer