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Score:
Data available:
 
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D&C RED 21 ALUMINUM LAKE

Health Concerns of the Ingredient:
Overall Hazard
 
 
Cancer
 
 
Developmental &
reproductive toxicity
 
 
Allergies & immunotoxicity
 
 
Use restrictions
 
 
Other LOW concerns: Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

About D&C RED 21 ALUMINUM LAKE: In industrial production of colorants, the term "lake" is applied to pigments or dyes that are precipitated with metal salts such as aluminum, calcium, barium, or others. Most lake pigments ... read more

This ingredient may be derived from animals. From PETA's Caring Consumer: Pigments from animal, plant, and synthetic sources used to color foods, cosmetics, and other products. Cochineal is from insects. Widely used FD&C and D&C colors are coaltar (bituminous coal) derivati ... read more

Function(s): Colorant

Synonym(s): RED 21 LAKE, D&C RED 21 AL LAKE; D&C RED 21 ZR LAKE; D&C RED NO. 21 AL LAKE; D&C RED NO. 21 ALUMINUM LAKE; D&C RED NO. 21 ZIRCONIUM LAKE; D&C RED NO. 21 ZR LAKE

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Concern Reference
Limited evidence of toxicity (only for products that may be aerosolized (airborne))Klaassen, C

Data gaps

Concern Reference

Data Sources

CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.
Klaassen, C., M. Amdur and J. Doull (eds.). Casarett and Doull
NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.

About the Skin Deep® ratings

EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer

About EWG VERIFIED™

Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strictest health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer