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ALUMINA


image source: PubChem
Health Concerns of the Ingredient:
Overall Hazard
 
 
Cancer
 
 
Developmental &
reproductive toxicity
 
 
Allergies & immunotoxicity
 
 
Use restrictions
 
 
Other HIGH concerns: Persistence and bioaccumulation; Other MODERATE concerns: Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive); Other LOW concerns: Enhanced skin absorption, Ecotoxicology

About ALUMINA: Alumina is the name used for inorganic compound aluminium oxide.

Function(s): Abrasive; Anticaking Agent; Bulking Agent; Opacifying Agent; ABSORBENT; VISCOSITY CONTROLLING

Synonym(s): ACTIVATED ALUMINA; ALUMINA, ACTIVATED; ALUMINA, CALCINED; ALUMINA, TABULAR; ALUMINIUM OXIDE; ALUMINUM OXIDE; ALUMINUM OXIDE (AL2O3) ; ALUMINUM SESQUIOXIDE; ALUMINUM TRIOXIDE; CALCINED ALUMINA; TABULAR ALUMINA

Persistence and bioaccumulation

Concern Reference
Persistent or bioaccumulative and moderate to high toxicity concern in humansEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as medium human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Limited evidence of toxicity (only for products that may be aerosolized (airborne))Klaassen, C
One or more animal studies show classified as toxic effects at moderate doses (low dose studies may be unavailable for this ingredient)EPA Toxic Release Inventory PBTs

Ecotoxicology

Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Enhanced skin absorption

Concern Reference
Suspected nano-scale ingredients with potential to absorb into the skinNanomaterial Database

Data gaps

Concern Reference
20,638 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical see search results ->NLM PubMed

Data Sources

EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1999. Toxics Release Inventory Program. PBT Chemical Rule.
FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
Klaassen, C., M. Amdur and J. Doull (eds.). Casarett and Doull
NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
NanoWerk. 2007. Nanomaterial Database. Available online: http://www.nanowerk.com/phpscripts/n_dbsearch.php

About the ratings

EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer