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Basic Research

Health Concerns of Ingredients:
Overall Hazard
 
 
Cancer
 
 
Developmental &
reproductive toxicity
 
 
Allergies & immunotoxicity
 
 
Use restrictions
 
 

Ingredients Used by Basic Research

Ingredient Products Concerns Score
FRAGRANCE7 productsAllergies/immunotoxicity, Miscellaneous, Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs), Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Ecotoxicology
Data: Fair
METHYLISOTHIAZOLINONE1 productsAllergies/immunotoxicity, Use restrictions, Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs), Neurotoxicity, Ecotoxicology
Data: Fair
METHYLCHLOROISOTHIAZOLINONE1 productsUse restrictions, Allergies/immunotoxicity, Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs), Ecotoxicology, Cancer
Data: Limited
BHT4 productsAllergies/immunotoxicity, Cancer, Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs), Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Developmental/reproductive toxicity
Data: Fair
LIMONENE4 productsIrritation (skin, eyes, or lungs), Use restrictions, Allergies/immunotoxicity, Ecotoxicology, Developmental/reproductive toxicity
Data: Good
BENZYL ALCOHOL6 productsUse restrictions, Occupational hazards, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Allergies/immunotoxicity
Data: Fair
TRIETHANOLAMINE1 productsUse restrictions, Allergies/immunotoxicity, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Contamination concerns (NITROSAMINES-in the presence of nitrosating agents)
Data: Fair
GLOBULARIA CORDIFOLIA CALLUS EXTRACT1 productsMiscellaneous
Data: None
POLYACRYLAMIDE2 productsUse restrictions, Persistence and bioaccumulation, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Ecotoxicology, Contamination concerns (ACRYLAMIDE)
Data: Fair
PHENOXYETHANOL9 productsIrritation (skin, eyes, or lungs), Occupational hazards, Use restrictions, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Allergies/immunotoxicity
Data: Limited
DIMETHICONE PEG 10/ 15 CROSSPOLYMER1 productsOrgan system toxicity (non-reproductive), Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE, 1,4-DIOXANE)
Data: None
PEG-2 COCAMIDE1 productsOrgan system toxicity (non-reproductive), Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE, 1,4-DIOXANE)
Data: None
PEG-40 STEARATE3 productsOrgan system toxicity (non-reproductive), Ecotoxicology, Data gaps, Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE, 1,4-DIOXANE, ETHYLENE OXIDE, 1,4-DIOXANE)
Data: Limited
POLYSORBATE-201 productsOrgan system toxicity (non-reproductive), Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE, 1,4-DIOXANE)
Data: Fair
POLYSORBATE-601 productsOrgan system toxicity (non-reproductive), Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE, 1,4-DIOXANE)
Data: Limited
POLYSORBATE-803 productsOrgan system toxicity (non-reproductive), Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE, 1,4-DIOXANE)
Data: Fair
PEG-100 STEARATE4 productsOrgan system toxicity (non-reproductive), Ecotoxicology, Data gaps, Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE, 1,4-DIOXANE, ETHYLENE OXIDE, 1,4-DIOXANE)
Data: Limited
PEG-150 STEARATE1 productsOrgan system toxicity (non-reproductive), Ecotoxicology, Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE, 1,4-DIOXANE, ETHYLENE OXIDE, 1,4-DIOXANE)
Data: Limited
STEARETH-25 productsOrgan system toxicity (non-reproductive), Ecotoxicology, Data gaps, Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE, 1,4-DIOXANE)
Data: Limited
LECITHIN4 productsMultiple, additive exposure sources, Allergies/immunotoxicity, Contamination concerns (NITROSAMINES-in the presence of nitrosating agents)
Data: Good
POTASSIUM SORBATE5 productsAllergies/immunotoxicity, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
Data: Limited
SORBIC ACID3 productsAllergies/immunotoxicity, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
Data: Fair
CYCLOPENTASILOXANE2 productsPersistence and bioaccumulation, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Neurotoxicity, Cancer, Endocrine disruption, Ecotoxicology
Data: Fair
TOCOPHERYL ACETATE3 productsAllergies/immunotoxicity, Cancer, Ecotoxicology, Contamination concerns (HYDROQUINONE)
Data: Fair
TITANIUM DIOXIDE2 productsOccupational hazards, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
Data: Good
LAURETH-72 productsUse restrictions, Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE, 1,4-DIOXANE)
Data: Limited
SPHINGOLIPIDS2 productsUse restrictions
Data: Fair
CITRUS MEDICA LIMONUM (LEMON) FRUIT OIL1 productsUse restrictions
Data: None
STEARETH-211 productsOrgan system toxicity (non-reproductive), Use restrictions, Ecotoxicology, Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE, 1,4-DIOXANE)
Data: Limited
CETEARETH-201 productsEnhanced skin absorption, Use restrictions, Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE, 1,4-DIOXANE, ETHYLENE OXIDE, 1,4-DIOXANE)
Data: Limited
DIMETHICONE7 productsUse restrictions, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Ecotoxicology
Data: Limited
MYRISTYL MYRISTATE2 productsIrritation (skin, eyes, or lungs), Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Persistence and bioaccumulation, Use restrictions, Ecotoxicology
Data: Limited
STEARETH-201 productsOrgan system toxicity (non-reproductive), Use restrictions, Ecotoxicology, Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE, 1,4-DIOXANE)
Data: Limited
AMINOMETHYL PROPANOL2 productsIrritation (skin, eyes, or lungs), Use restrictions, Ecotoxicology, Contamination concerns (NITROSAMINES-in the presence of nitrosating agents, OXAZOLIDINE)
Data: Fair
SODIUM BENZOATE4 productsUse restrictions, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Data gaps
Data: Fair
POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE2 productsOccupational hazards, Use restrictions, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)
Data: Fair
SODIUM HYDROXIDE2 productsUse restrictions, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)
Data: Fair
BENZOIC ACID5 productsUse restrictions, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Data gaps
Data: Fair
POLOXAMER 3381 productsPersistence and bioaccumulation, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Ecotoxicology, Data gaps
Data: Limited
ETHANOL1 productsEnhanced skin absorption, Multiple, additive exposure sources, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
Data: Fair
TETRASODIUM EDTA3 productsEnhanced skin absorption, Occupational hazards, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
Data: Fair
MICA1 productsPersistence and bioaccumulation, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
Data: Fair
SILICA, AMORPHOUS3 productsNone Identified
Data: Good
POLYQUATERNIUM-391 productsUse restrictions
Data: Limited
POLYACRYLATE-131 productsUse restrictions
Data: None
CHLORPHENESIN7 productsUse restrictions
Data: Limited
GLYCERIN9 productsUse restrictions
Data: Good
CITRUS AURANTIUM AMARA (BITTER ORANGE) OIL1 productsUse restrictions
Data: Limited
CITRUS AURANTIUM BERGAMIA (BERGAMOT) FRUIT OIL1 productsUse restrictions
Data: Limited
CITRIC ACID2 productsUse restrictions
Data: Good
ETHYLENE/ ACRYLIC ACID COPOLYMER3 productsOrgan system toxicity (non-reproductive), Use restrictions, Contamination concerns (METHACRYLIC ACID, ACRYLIC ACID, 2-ETHYLHEXYL ACRYLATE)
Data: Limited
HYDROGENATED LECITHIN2 productsEnhanced skin absorption, Use restrictions, Contamination concerns (NITROSAMINES-in the presence of nitrosating agents)
Data: Limited
ACRYLAMIDE/ SODIUM ACRYLOYLDIMETHYLTAURATE COPOLYMER3 productsUse restrictions, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
Data: Limited
ACETYL-DIPEPTIDE-1 CETYL ESTER2 productsNone Identified
Data: None
ACRYLATES/ C10-30 ALKYL ACRYLATE CROSSPOLYMER6 productsNone Identified
Data: None
AMMONIUM ACRYLOYLDIMETHYL TAURATE/ VP COPOLYMER1 productsNone Identified
Data: None
ARBUTIN2 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
AVENA SATIVA (OAT) KERNEL EXTRACT1 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
CAPRYLIC/ CAPRIC/ MYRISTIC/ STEARIC TRIGLYCERIDE1 productsNone Identified
Data: None
CERAMIDE 22 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
DICAPRYLYL CARBONATE1 productsNone Identified
Data: None
DICETYL PHOSPHATE1 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
DIPEPTIDE-21 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
GLYCINE SOJA (SOYBEAN) STEROLS1 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
HESPERIDIN METHYL CHALCONE1 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
HYDROGENATED STARCH HYDROLYSATE1 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
HYDROLYZED CORN STARCH1 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
LEONTOPODIUM ALPINUM (EDELWEISS) EXTRACT1 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
MEDICAGO SATIVA (ALFALFA) EXTRACT1 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
MYRISTYL NICOTINATE9 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
NEOPENTYL GLYCOL DIHEPTANOATE1 productsNone Identified
Data: None
PALMITOYL OLIGOPEPTIDE2 productsNone Identified
Data: None
PENTAERYTHRITYL TETRAETHYLHEXANOATE1 productsNone Identified
Data: None
PHOSPHOLIPIDS2 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
POLYMETHYLSILSESQUIOXANE1 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
PPG-3 BENZYL ETHER MYRISTATE1 productsNone Identified
Data: None
PULLULAN3 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
RESVERATROL3 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
ROSMARINUS OFFICINALIS (ROSEMARY) LEAF EXTRACT1 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
RUTIN2 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
SODIUM METHYL COCOYL TAURATE1 productsNone Identified
Data: None
SUCROSE COCOATE1 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
UBIQUINONE2 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
ZINGIBER OFFICINALE (GINGER) ROOT EXTRACT1 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
BRASSICA CAMPESTRIS (RAPESEED) STEROLS1 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
CHONDRUS CRISPUS (CARRAGEENAN) EXTRACT1 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
CYPERUS ROTUNDUS ROOT EXTRACT1 productsNone Identified
Data: None
KINGINKA EKISU1 productsNone Identified
Data: None
PALMITOYL TRIPEPTIDE-11 productsNone Identified
Data: None
SIGESBECKIA ORIENTALIS EXTRACT1 productsNone Identified
Data: None
XANTHIUM STRUMARIUM FRUIT EXTRACT1 productsNone Identified
Data: None
PALMITOYL TETRAPEPTIDE-71 productsNone Identified
Data: None
p-MENTHANONE1 productsNone Identified
Data: None
MALTOOLIGOSYL GLUCOSIDE1 productsNone Identified
Data: None
CYATHEA CUMINGII (NEW ZEALAND FERN) LEAF EXTRACT2 productsNone Identified
Data: None
Malus Domestica Fruit Cell Culture1 productsNone Identified
Data: None
LEPIDIUM SATIVUM (Garden Cress) SPROUT EXTRACT1 productsNone Identified
Data: None
CETYLHYDROXYPROLINE PALMITAMIDE1 productsNone Identified
Data: None
TETRAPEPTIDE-212 productsNone Identified
Data: None
HYDROLYZED HYALURONIC ACID2 productsNone Identified
Data: None
SORGHUM BICOLOR STALK JUICE2 productsNone Identified
Data: None
TETRAMETHYL ACETYLOCTAHYDRONAPHTHALENES1 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
RABDOSIA RUBESCENS EXTRACT1 productsNone Identified
Data: None
SODIUM DILAURAMIDOGLUTAMIDE LYSINE1 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
DI-C12-15 ALKYL FUMARATE1 productsNone Identified
Data: None
HIPPOPHAE RHAMNOIDES (SEA BUCKTHORN) OIL1 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
HYDROGENATED POLYISOBUTENE2 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
SIMMONDSIA CHINENSIS (JOJOBA) ESTERS2 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
PENTYLENE GLYCOL4 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
HYDROGENATED JOJOBA OIL1 productsNone Identified
Data: None
HYDROGENATED OLIVE OIL UNSAPONIFIABLES2 productsNone Identified
Data: None
ALGAE EXTRACT4 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
ARACHIDYL ALCOHOL1 productsEcotoxicology
Data: Limited
AVENA SATIVA (OAT) KERNEL FLOUR1 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
C12-15 ALKYL BENZOATE5 productsEcotoxicology
Data: Limited
CAPRYLIC/ CAPRIC TRIGLYCERIDE3 productsEcotoxicology
Data: Limited
HEXYLDECANOL1 productsEcotoxicology
Data: None
LINOLEIC ACID2 productsEcotoxicology
Data: Fair
LINOLENIC ACID2 productsOrgan system toxicity (non-reproductive), Ecotoxicology
Data: Fair
MAGNESIUM CHLORIDE1 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
MENTHOL2 productsMultiple, additive exposure sources
Data: Fair
MENTHOXYPROPANEDIOL1 productsNone Identified
Data: None
MENTHYL LACTATE2 productsNone Identified
Data: None
POLYISOBUTENE1 productsOrgan system toxicity (non-reproductive)
Data: Limited
SALVIA SCLAREA (CLARY SAGE) OIL1 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
SODIUM POLYSTYRENE SULFONATE2 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
XANTHAN GUM4 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
CINNAMIC ACID1 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
CITRONELLAL1 productsEcotoxicology
Data: Limited
SODIUM LEVULINATE1 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
DODECAHYDRO-TETRAMETHYLNAPHTHOFURAN1 productsOrgan system toxicity (non-reproductive), Ecotoxicology
Data: None
HOMOLINALYL ACETATE1 productsNone Identified
Data: None
ASCORBYL PALMITATE (VITAMIN C PALMITATE)2 productsEcotoxicology
Data: Limited
BEHENYL ALCOHOL6 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
BUTYROSPERMUM PARKII (SHEA BUTTER)5 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
CAPRYLYL GLYCOL8 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
CARBOMER1 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
CELLULOSE GUM2 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
CERATONIA SILIQUA (CAROB) GUM2 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
CETEARYL ALCOHOL5 productsEcotoxicology
Data: Limited
CETYL ALCOHOL3 productsOrgan system toxicity (non-reproductive), Ecotoxicology
Data: Limited
CETYL ESTERS2 productsData gaps
Data: Limited
GLYCERYL MONOSTEARATE8 productsEcotoxicology
Data: Limited
HELIANTHUS ANNUUS (SUNFLOWER) OIL3 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
HYALURONIC ACID2 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
HYDROGENATED VEGETABLE OIL2 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
HYDROXYETHYLCELLULOSE2 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
MAGNESIUM ALUMINUM SILICATE1 productsOrgan system toxicity (non-reproductive)
Data: Limited
OLEA EUROPAEA (OLIVE) OIL2 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
PANTHENOL6 productsMultiple, additive exposure sources
Data: Limited
PERSEA GRATISSIMA (AVOCADO) OIL2 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
PHENYL TRIMETHICONE2 productsEcotoxicology
Data: Limited
SODIUM HYALURONATE3 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
SORBITAN LAURATE2 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
SORBITAN OLEATE1 productsEcotoxicology
Data: Limited
SQUALANE4 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
ZEA MAYS (CORN) STARCH1 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
PENTAERYTHRITYL TETRA-DI-T-BUTYL HYDROXYHYDROCINNAMATE1 productsPersistence and bioaccumulation, Ecotoxicology
Data: Limited
GALAXOLIDE1 productsPersistence and bioaccumulation, Endocrine disruption, Ecotoxicology
Data: Limited
BUTYLENE GLYCOL7 productsIrritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)
Data: Limited
GLYCERYL CAPRYLATE1 productsEnhanced skin absorption
Data: Limited
ISOCETYL STEARATE1 productsIrritation (skin, eyes, or lungs), Data gaps
Data: None
STEARYL ALCOHOL3 productsIrritation (skin, eyes, or lungs), Ecotoxicology
Data: Limited
BISABOLOL4 productsEnhanced skin absorption
Data: Limited
DISODIUM EDTA5 productsEnhanced skin absorption
Data: Fair
ETHYLHEXYLGLYCERIN2 productsIrritation (skin, eyes, or lungs), Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
Data: Limited
MAGNESIUM NITRATE1 productsOrgan system toxicity (non-reproductive)
Data: Limited
POLYETHYLENE1 productsIrritation (skin, eyes, or lungs), Allergies/immunotoxicity, Data gaps
Data: None
POLYMETHYL METHACRYLATE1 productsOrgan system toxicity (non-reproductive), Allergies/immunotoxicity
Data: Fair
PROPANEDIOL2 productsIrritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)
Data: Fair
CAFFEINE2 productsPersistence and bioaccumulation
Data: Fair
TOCOPHEROL3 productsCancer, Contamination concerns (HYDROQUINONE)
Data: Fair
LEVULINIC ACID1 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
STEARIC ACID2 productsEcotoxicology
Data: Fair
ARACHIDYL GLUCOSIDE1 productsUse restrictions
Data: None
TRIMETHYLSILOXYSILICATE1 productsUse restrictions
Data: Limited
ETHYLHEXYL OLIVATE1 productsUse restrictions
Data: None
HYDROGENATED ETHYLHEXYL OLIVATE2 productsUse restrictions
Data: None
C13-14 ISOPARAFFIN2 productsOrgan system toxicity (non-reproductive), Use restrictions
Data: Limited
ISOHEXADECANE3 productsOrgan system toxicity (non-reproductive), Use restrictions, Ecotoxicology
Data: Limited
ISONONYL ISONONANOATE2 productsUse restrictions
Data: Limited
ETHYLHEXYL STEARATE1 productsIrritation (skin, eyes, or lungs), Use restrictions, Data gaps
Data: Limited
SODIUM COCOYL ISETHIONATE1 productsUse restrictions
Data: Limited
ALOE BARBADENSIS (ALOE VERA) LEAF JUICE POWDER2 productsUse restrictions, Developmental/reproductive toxicity, Data gaps
Data: Limited
MENTHA PIPERITA (PEPPERMINT) OIL1 productsEnhanced skin absorption, Use restrictions
Data: Limited
HONEY2 productsInnocuous
Data: Robust
WATER9 productsInnocuous
Data: Robust

* Product counts only include current formulations sold by this company. The company may have other discontinued formulations that use this ingredient. Clicking on the link "X products" will identify all product formulations by this company that have used the ingredient.



About the Skin Deep® ratings

EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer

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Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer