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Health Concerns of Ingredients:
Overall Hazard
 
 
Cancer
 
 
Developmental &
reproductive toxicity
 
 
Allergies & immunotoxicity
 
 
Use restrictions
 
 

Ingredients Used by DDF

Ingredient Products Concerns Score
RETINYL PALMITATE (VITAMIN A PALMITATE)3 productsUse restrictions, Developmental/reproductive toxicity, Biochemical or cellular level changes, Cancer, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
Data: Fair
RETINYL PROPIONATE1 productsUse restrictions, Developmental/reproductive toxicity, Biochemical or cellular level changes, Cancer, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
Data: Limited
PROPYLPARABEN4 productsUse restrictions, Allergies/immunotoxicity, Endocrine disruption, Developmental/reproductive toxicity, Ecotoxicology
Data: Fair
BUTYLPARABEN1 productsUse restrictions, Allergies/immunotoxicity, Endocrine disruption, Developmental/reproductive toxicity, Biochemical or cellular level changes, Data gaps
Data: Fair
ISOBUTYLPARABEN1 productsUse restrictions, Allergies/immunotoxicity, Endocrine disruption, Developmental/reproductive toxicity, Biochemical or cellular level changes, Data gaps
Data: Limited
DMDM HYDANTOIN (FORMALDEHYDE RELEASER)2 productsAllergies/immunotoxicity, Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs), Use restrictions, Cancer, Contamination concerns (FORMALDEHYDE)
Data: Limited
TITANIUM DIOXIDE (sunscreen grade)2 productsBiochemical or cellular level changes, Occupational hazards, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs), Cancer, Allergies/immunotoxicity, Ecotoxicology
Data: Good
OCTINOXATE1 productsEnhanced skin absorption, Biochemical or cellular level changes, Endocrine disruption, Allergies/immunotoxicity, Persistence and bioaccumulation, Developmental/reproductive toxicity, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
Data: Fair
IODOPROPYNYL BUTYLCARBAMATE3 productsUse restrictions, Allergies/immunotoxicity, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Ecotoxicology
Data: Limited
BHT1 productsAllergies/immunotoxicity, Cancer, Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs), Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Developmental/reproductive toxicity
Data: Fair
PEG-4 LAURATE1 productsAllergies/immunotoxicity, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Use restrictions, Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE, 1,4-DIOXANE, ETHYLENE OXIDE, 1,4-DIOXANE)
Data: None
BENZYL ALCOHOL2 productsUse restrictions, Occupational hazards, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Allergies/immunotoxicity
Data: Fair
TRIETHANOLAMINE3 productsUse restrictions, Allergies/immunotoxicity, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Contamination concerns (NITROSAMINES-in the presence of nitrosating agents)
Data: Fair
ZINC OXIDE (sunscreen grade > 100nm)1 productsBiochemical or cellular level changes, Occupational hazards, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Persistence and bioaccumulation, Cancer, Ecotoxicology
Data: Good
PETROLATUM1 productsOrgan system toxicity (non-reproductive), Use restrictions, Contamination concerns (PAHS)
Data: Fair
HOMOSALATE1 productsEnhanced skin absorption, Use restrictions, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Endocrine disruption, Ecotoxicology, Contamination concerns (SALICYLIC ACID, TRIMETHYLCYCLOHEXANOL)
Data: Limited
POLYACRYLAMIDE2 productsUse restrictions, Persistence and bioaccumulation, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Ecotoxicology, Contamination concerns (ACRYLAMIDE)
Data: Fair
ETHYLPARABEN3 productsEndocrine disruption, Allergies/immunotoxicity, Use restrictions
Data: Limited
METHYLPARABEN4 productsEndocrine disruption, Allergies/immunotoxicity, Biochemical or cellular level changes, Use restrictions
Data: Limited
OCTISALATE3 productsEnhanced skin absorption, Use restrictions, Allergies/immunotoxicity, Ecotoxicology
Data: Fair
PHENOXYETHANOL3 productsIrritation (skin, eyes, or lungs), Occupational hazards, Use restrictions, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Allergies/immunotoxicity
Data: Limited
POLYSORBATE-601 productsOrgan system toxicity (non-reproductive), Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE, 1,4-DIOXANE)
Data: Limited
POLYSORBATE-802 productsOrgan system toxicity (non-reproductive), Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE, 1,4-DIOXANE)
Data: Fair
PEG-100 STEARATE3 productsOrgan system toxicity (non-reproductive), Ecotoxicology, Data gaps, Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE, 1,4-DIOXANE, ETHYLENE OXIDE, 1,4-DIOXANE)
Data: Limited
STEARETH-21 productsOrgan system toxicity (non-reproductive), Ecotoxicology, Data gaps, Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE, 1,4-DIOXANE)
Data: Limited
CYCLOPENTASILOXANE1 productsPersistence and bioaccumulation, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Neurotoxicity, Cancer, Endocrine disruption, Ecotoxicology
Data: Fair
TOCOPHERYL ACETATE3 productsAllergies/immunotoxicity, Cancer, Ecotoxicology, Contamination concerns (HYDROQUINONE)
Data: Fair
TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 productsOccupational hazards, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
Data: Good
LAURETH-72 productsUse restrictions, Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE, 1,4-DIOXANE)
Data: Limited
CETEARETH-201 productsEnhanced skin absorption, Use restrictions, Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE, 1,4-DIOXANE, ETHYLENE OXIDE, 1,4-DIOXANE)
Data: Limited
DIMETHICONE4 productsUse restrictions, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Ecotoxicology
Data: Limited
ENSULIZOLE1 productsBiochemical or cellular level changes, Use restrictions, Cancer
Data: Limited
OCTOCRYLENE3 productsBiochemical or cellular level changes, Use restrictions, Persistence and bioaccumulation, Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)
Data: Fair
ZINC GLUCONATE1 productsUse restrictions, Persistence and bioaccumulation, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Ecotoxicology
Data: Limited
SODIUM HYDROXIDE1 productsUse restrictions, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)
Data: Fair
PROPYL GALLATE1 productsOccupational hazards, Allergies/immunotoxicity, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Use restrictions
Data: Limited
ALOE BARBADENSIS (ALOE VERA) GEL1 productsDevelopmental/reproductive toxicity, Use restrictions, Cancer, Data gaps
Data: Limited
PROPYLENE GLYCOL2 productsEnhanced skin absorption, Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs), Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Allergies/immunotoxicity, Use restrictions
Data: Fair
BETA CAROTENE1 productsPersistence and bioaccumulation, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Ecotoxicology
Data: Fair
MICA2 productsPersistence and bioaccumulation, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
Data: Fair
SILICA, AMORPHOUS1 productsNone Identified
Data: Good
GLYCERIN4 productsUse restrictions
Data: Good
THIOCTIC ACID1 productsUse restrictions
Data: Fair
AVOBENZONE3 productsUse restrictions, Cancer, Allergies/immunotoxicity, Contamination concerns (BENZOIC ACID, 4-T-BUTYLBENZOIC ACID, BENZALDEHYDE, P-ANISIC ACID, ACETOPHENONE, DIBENZOYLMETHANE)
Data: Limited
ACRYLATES/ C10-30 ALKYL ACRYLATE CROSSPOLYMER1 productsNone Identified
Data: None
AMINOPROPYL ASCORBYL PHOSPHATE1 productsNone Identified
Data: None
AMMONIUM ACRYLOYLDIMETHYL TAURATE/ VP COPOLYMER1 productsNone Identified
Data: None
ANTHOCYANINS1 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
BUTYROSPERMUM PARKII (SHEA BUTTER) EXTRACT1 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
CAMELLIA OLEIFERA (TEA-OIL CAMELLIA) LEAF EXTRACT1 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
CENTELLA ASIATICA (GOTU KOLA) EXTRACT1 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
CURCUMA LONGA (TURMERIC) EXTRACT1 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
EUTERPE OLERACEA (ACAI) FRUIT EXTRACT1 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
GENISTEIN1 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
HYDROXYETHYL ACRYLATE/ SODIUM ACRYLOYLDIMETHYL TAURATE COPOLYMER1 productsNone Identified
Data: None
POLYMETHYLSILSESQUIOXANE1 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
TRIETHOXYCAPRYLYLSILANE1 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
UBIQUINONE2 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
XANTHOPHYLL1 productsMultiple, additive exposure sources
Data: Fair
VITIS VINIFERA (GRAPE) SEED EXTRACT2 productsMultiple, additive exposure sources
Data: Fair
HYDROXYLAURYL/HYDROXYMYRISTYL BETAINE1 productsNone Identified
Data: None
KOU-CHA EKISU1 productsNone Identified
Data: None
SODIUM ACRYLATE/SODIUM ACRYLOYLDIMETHYL TAURATE COPOLYMER1 productsNone Identified
Data: None
SPIRULINA PLATENSIS EXTRACT1 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
PALMITOYL PENTAPEPTIDE-41 productsNone Identified
Data: None
ACETYL HEXAPEPTIDE-81 productsNone Identified
Data: None
PINUS PINASTER BARK/BUD EXTRACT1 productsNone Identified
Data: None
DIMETHICONOL2 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
GLYCYRRHIZA GLABRA (LICORICE) ROOT EXTRACT1 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
MAGNESIUM ASCORBYL PHOSPHATE1 productsData gaps
Data: Limited
PENTYLENE GLYCOL1 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
ACETYL GLUCOSAMINE1 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
ALANINE1 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
ARGININE HYDROCHLORIDE1 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
C12-15 ALKYL BENZOATE1 productsEcotoxicology
Data: Limited
CAPRYLIC/ CAPRIC TRIGLYCERIDE1 productsEcotoxicology
Data: Limited
CYANOCOBALAMIN (VITAMIN B12)1 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
DIMETHYL SULFONE1 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
GLUTAMIC ACID1 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
GLYCINE1 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
LYSINE1 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
MANNITOL1 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
POLYHYDROXYSTEARIC ACID1 productsNone Identified
Data: None
PROLINE1 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
PYRIDOXINE HCL1 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
SERINE1 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
SORBITOL1 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
THREONINE1 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
XANTHAN GUM1 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
GLUTAMINE1 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
ALLANTOIN3 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
ASCORBIC ACID (VITAMIN C)2 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
BEHENYL ALCOHOL2 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
CARBOMER1 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
CETEARYL ALCOHOL3 productsEcotoxicology
Data: Limited
CETYL ALCOHOL1 productsOrgan system toxicity (non-reproductive), Ecotoxicology
Data: Limited
GLYCERYL MONOSTEARATE1 productsEcotoxicology
Data: Limited
HELIANTHUS ANNUUS (SUNFLOWER) OIL1 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
HYALURONIC ACID1 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
HYDROXYETHYLCELLULOSE1 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
MACADAMIA TERNIFOLIA (MACADAMIA) SEED OIL1 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
NIACINAMIDE2 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
PANTHENOL4 productsMultiple, additive exposure sources
Data: Limited
SODIUM HYALURONATE2 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
SQUALANE1 productsNone Identified
Data: Limited
ZEA MAYS (CORN) OIL1 productsNone Identified
Data: Fair
BUTYLENE GLYCOL2 productsIrritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)
Data: Limited
STEARYL ALCOHOL2 productsIrritation (skin, eyes, or lungs), Ecotoxicology
Data: Limited
DISODIUM EDTA4 productsEnhanced skin absorption
Data: Fair
POLYETHYLENE1 productsIrritation (skin, eyes, or lungs), Allergies/immunotoxicity, Data gaps
Data: None
CAFFEINE1 productsPersistence and bioaccumulation
Data: Fair
TOCOPHEROL2 productsCancer, Contamination concerns (HYDROQUINONE)
Data: Fair
PALMITIC ACID1 productsEcotoxicology
Data: Fair
STEARIC ACID1 productsEcotoxicology
Data: Fair
CETEARYL GLUCOSIDE2 productsUse restrictions
Data: Limited
UNDECYLENOYL PHENYLALANINE1 productsUse restrictions
Data: Limited
ACETYL-CYSTEINE2 productsUse restrictions
Data: Fair
C13-14 ISOPARAFFIN2 productsOrgan system toxicity (non-reproductive), Use restrictions
Data: Limited
ISOHEXADECANE3 productsOrgan system toxicity (non-reproductive), Use restrictions, Ecotoxicology
Data: Limited
NYLON-121 productsUse restrictions
Data: Limited
SODIUM PCA2 productsUse restrictions, Contamination concerns (NITROSAMINES-in the presence of nitrosating agents)
Data: Limited
ETHYLHEXYL PALMITATE1 productsIrritation (skin, eyes, or lungs), Use restrictions
Data: Limited
ISOPROPYL ISOSTEARATE1 productsUse restrictions, Data gaps
Data: Limited
WATER4 productsInnocuous
Data: Robust

* Product counts only include current formulations sold by this brand. The brand may have other discontinued formulations that use this ingredient. Clicking on the link "X products" will identify all product formulations by this brand that have used the ingredient.



About the Skin Deep® ratings

EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer

About EWG VERIFIED™

Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer