about this participant:

Charlotte Brody, an organizer from Round Hill, VA, participated in the 2003 biomonitoring investigation entitled "EWG/Commonweal Study #1, industrial chemicals and pesticides in adults." She gave blood and urine for the study at age 54.

Charlotte Brody, RN, is a founder and an Executive Director of the Health Care Without Harm Campaign — an international coalition of 390 organizations in 44 countries working to make health care more environmentally responsible and sustainable. A registered nurse and mother of two, Charlotte has served as the Organizing Director for the Center for Health, Environment Justice in Falls Church, Virginia, the Executive Director of a Planned Parenthood affiliate in North Carolina and the Coordinator of the Carolina Brown Lung Association, an occupational safety and health organization focused on cotton textile workers.

Related links:
Location:

Round Hill, VA

Participant's groups:

Female, Commonweal, Adult

Study:

EWG/Commonweal Study #1, industrial chemicals and pesticides in adults



health & safety concerns:
chemicals found in this person
Immune system (including sensitization and allergies)45
Brain and nervous system33
Birth defects and developmental delays14
Reproduction and fertility2
Respiratory system1
Endocrine system1
Chronic effects, general1



picture of Charlotte Brody

Participant: Charlotte Brody
Found 78.5-87 of 214 tested chemicals

Charlotte Brody's blood and urine contained 78.5-87 of 214 industrial compounds, pollutants and other chemicals tested, including chemicals linked to immune system toxicity, brain and nervous system toxicity, and birth defects and developmental delays.

Summary of chemicals found in Charlotte Brody

chemical family level found health effects exposure routes
Alkylphenolsfound, not quantifiedEndocrine system Cosmetics, detergents, pesticides, paints, carpet and dry cleaning
Chlorinated dioxins & furansmoderateImmune system (including sensitization and allergies), Birth defects and developmental delays Dietary sources, fatty meat, dairy and fish
Leadhigh Lead-based paint in older homes, household dust, vinyl products, tap water
Methylmercurymoderate Dietary sources, particularly seafood
Organochlorine Pesticides (OCs)lowReproduction and fertility Contaminated food and drinking water
Organophosphate Pesticide metabolites (OPs)moderateBrain and nervous system Contaminated food and drinking water
Phthalatesfound, not quantified Cosmetics, paint, soft plastic, food packaging, and other consumer products
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)moderateBrain and nervous system, Immune system (including sensitization and allergies) Dietary sources, fatty meat, dairy and fish
Volatile and semivolatile organic compounds (VOCs and SVOCs)found, not quantified Contaminated indoor and outdoor air

Test results by chemical family (see each chemical)

alkylphenols

1 of 1 found — see each chemical

Surfactants in cosmetics, paints, detergents. Toxic to wildlife. May harm hormone system.

  • cumulative level found: found, but not quantified

found in 3 of 9 people, but not quantified

 


Total Alkylphenols

chlorinated dioxins & furans

14 of 17 found — see each chemical

Pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, and incineration. Cause cancer and may harm hormone system.

  • cumulative level found: 542 pg/g (lipid weight) in blood serum
  • Moderate vs 34 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (74th %ile)
  • Moderate vs 4,821 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (74th %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
5pg/g (lipid weight) in blood serum1860


Total Chlorinated dioxins & furans

metals

2 of 5 found

Neurotoxic heavy metal linked to IQ deficits and behavioral problems. Found in dust from chipping lead paint in older homes, and in some tap water.

  • level found: 2.49 ug/dL (wet weight) in whole blood
  • Moderate vs 71 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (71st %ile)
  • High vs 8,373 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (78th %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
0.222ug/dL (wet weight) in whole blood4.7


Forms from mercury, a pollutant from coal-fired power plants and other sources. Methylmercury accumulates in seafood and harms brain development and function.

  • level found: 0.63 ug/L (wet weight) in whole blood
  • Moderate vs 88 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (28th %ile)
  • Moderate vs 8,373 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (50th %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
0ug/L (wet weight) in whole blood25.9


organochlorine pesticides (ocs)

2 of 23 found — see each chemical

Includes DDT, chlordane, other pesticides. Largely banned in the U.S. Build up in the human body over time. Cause cancer and reproductive harm.

  • cumulative level found: 0.933 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum
  • Low vs 27 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (12th %ile)
  • Low vs 4,821 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (12th %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
0.615ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum2830


Total Organochlorine Pesticides (OCs)

organophosphate pesticide metabolites (ops)

4 of 9 found — see each chemical

Breakdown products from pesticides, including Dursban, formerly used in homes and currently used on produce. Can damage brain development.

  • cumulative level found: 28.6 ppb in urine
  • Moderate vs 9 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (56th %ile)
4ppb in urine70.4


Total Organophosphate Pesticide metabolites (OPs)

phthalates

3 of 6 found — see each chemical

In cosmetics, paint, and plastics. Linked to sperm damage and birth defects of male reproductive system.

  • cumulative level found: found, but not quantified

found in 9 of 9 people, but not quantified

 


Total Phthalates

polychlorinated biphenyls (pcbs)

21.5-30 of 77 found — see each chemical

Banned industrial insulators and lubricants. Cause cancer and nervous system problems.

  • cumulative level found: 130 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum
  • Moderate vs 35 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (75th %ile)
  • Moderate vs 4,821 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (67th %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
2.95ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum600


Total Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)

volatile and semivolatile organic compounds (vocs and svocs)

31 of 76 found — see each chemical

Used in wide range of household, craft, and industrial products. Common tap water and air pollutants. Includes neurotoxins and carcinogens.

  • cumulative level found: found, but not quantified

found in 9 of 9 people, but not quantified

 


Total Volatile and semivolatile organic compounds (VOCs and SVOCs)

Chemicals not found in Charlotte Brody

127 chemicals

1,2,3,7,8-PeCDF (pentafuran), 2,3,7,8-TCDF (tetrafuran), 1,2,3,7,8,9-HxCDF (hexafuran), Chromium, Cadmium, Arsenic (inorganic only), Endrin aldehyde, 4,4'-DDD, Dieldrin, Hexachlorobenzene, gamma-BHC (Lindane), delta-BHC, Aldrin, beta-Endosulphan, alpha-Chlordane, Endosulphan Sulphate, Endrin, Endrin Ketone, alpha-BHC, Heptachlor, Heptachlor Epoxide, gamma-Chlordane, 4,4'-DDE, Pentachlorophenol, alpha-Endosulphan, Mirex, 4,4'-DDT, Dimethylphosphorodithidate (DMDTP), Diethylphosphorodithidate (DEDTP), Malathion Mono-Carboxylic Acid, Malathion Dicarboxylic Acid, Diethylphosphorothidate (DEPT), Di-n-octyl phthalate, Butyl benzyl phthalate, Dimethyl phthalate, PCB-64, PCB-49, PCB-190, PCB-47, PCB-198, PCB-168, PCB-149, PCB-151, PCB-95, PCB-60, PCB-87, PCB-208, PCB-92, PCB-191, PCB-70, PCB-174, PCB-179, PCB-44, PCB-141, PCB-127, PCB-205, PCB-158, PCB-114, PCB-123, PCB-120, PCB-77, PCB-126, PCB-169, PCB-79, PCB-80, PCB-81, PCB-37, PCB-105, PCB-189, PCB-91, PCB-128, PCB-167, PCB-166, PCB-82, PCB-195, PCB-200, PCB-207, PCB-42, PCB-185, PCB-86, PCB-97, PCB-119, n-Tetradecanoic acid, bis(1-methylpropyl) ester Hexanedioic acid, 9-Hexadecenoic acid, Methyl ester 9,12-Hexadecadienoic acid, 11,14-Methyl Ester Eicosadienoic acid, 2,4,6-trimethyl-Decane, 2-ethylhexyl glycidyl ether, 1-Tetradecanol, Oleic acid, Diisooctyl ester Diphosphoric acid, ortho-Xylene, Tetratetracontane, 3-bromo-3-methyl Pentane, n-Octacosane, n-Docosane, Hexacosane, 6-ethyl-2-methyl-Decane, 3-bromo-Decane, 3-ethyl-2-methylhexane, 2,4-Dimethylheptane, 2,4,4-Trimethylhexane, 2,2,3,3-Tetramethylhexane, tetradecanal, 7-methyl-7-Heptadecanol, 5-Methyl-2-heptanol, 3-Methylcyclopentanol, 5-propyl-Tridecane, 1,E-11,Z-13-Hexadecatriene, 17-Pentatriacontene, Ethyl Benzene, Mono(2-ethylhexyl) adipate, Cetylpyridinium chloride monohydrate, alpha-Toluenesulfonyl chloride, 4,6-dimethyl-5-Hepten-2-one, dihydro-5-(1-methylethyl)-3(2H)-Furanone, 2-Nonanone, O-methyloxime 3,5-dimethyl-2-Cyclohexen-1-one, Didodecyl 3,3-thiodipropionate, 1-ethyl-1-methyl-Cyclopentane, 1,5,5-trimethyl-6-(2-propenylidene)-Cyclohexene, (1,2-dimethylbutyl)-Cyclohexane, 2-propenylidene-Cyclobutene, 2,4-bis(1,1-dimethylethyl)-6-methyl-Phenol, cis-9-Tricosene, 2-Decanol

References/Notes

[1] CDC (2005). National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals, Centers for Disease Control. http://www.cdc.gov/exposurereport/. (Methylmercury results have been compared to total mercury in CDC biomonitoring.)

See results for this participant's group