about this participant:

Vivian Chang, a community activist from Oakland, CA, participated in the -0001 biomonitoring investigation entitled "Adult Minority Leader Report." She gave blood and urine for the study on August 20, 2008 at age 38.

Vivian Chang is a community organizing expert and, until recently, the executive director of the Asian Pacific Environmental Network (APEN), based in Oakland, California.

Ms. Chang, who holds a Masters degree in urban planning from the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), with a concentration in regional economic and community development, has worked on environmental justice issues for more than a decade.

She has been particularly instrumental in organizing Asian immigrant communities around environmental conditions in Richmond, California, site of a Chevron oil refinery.

As she told ColorLines Magazine last spring, "In many ways, low-income Asian immigrant and refugee communities face the very same economic and environmental issues that other low-income communities of color face. They live in the same dilapidated, overcrowded housing by the freeways that Latinos and African American communities live in. They work in industries rife with hazards and poisons-be it formaldehyde fumes in textiles, or arsenic dust in high-tech chips or caustic cleaning agents in the janitorial jobs."

Location:

Oakland, CA

Participant's groups:

Women of Childbearing Age, Female

Study:

Adult Minority Leader Report

Sample Date:

August 20, 2008



health & safety concerns:
chemicals found in this person
Brain and nervous system35
Reproduction and fertility34
Birth defects and developmental delays3
Endocrine system3
Hematologic (blood) system2
Chronic effects, general2
Immune system (including sensitization and allergies)2
Cancer2



picture of Vivian Chang

Participant: Vivian Chang
Found 40-45 of 75 tested chemicals

Vivian Chang's blood and urine contained 40-45 of 75 industrial compounds, pollutants and other chemicals tested, including chemicals linked to brain and nervous system toxicity, reproductive toxicity and fertility problems, and birth defects and developmental delays.

Summary of chemicals found in Vivian Chang

chemical family level found health effects exposure routes
Bisphenol Alow Polycarbonate plastics, food can linings, dental sealants
Leadmoderate Lead-based paint in older homes, household dust, vinyl products, tap water
MercuryhighBrain and nervous system Seafood, flu shots/vaccines, dental fillings
Methylmercuryhigh Dietary sources, particularly seafood
Nitro- and polycylic- muskshighEndocrine system Cosmetics, perfumes, cleaning agents, detergents, soaps
PerchloratelowHematologic (blood) system, Birth defects and developmental delays Contaminated food and drinking water
Perfluorochemicals (PFCs)lowCancer, Birth defects and developmental delays, Endocrine system Stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging, couches, carpets, pans
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)highReproduction and fertility, Brain and nervous system Foam furniture, carpet padding, computers, televisions, contaminated house dust, food

Detailed report by chemical (return to summary)

bisphenol a & badge

1 of 1 found

Detected in polycarbonate plastic, dental sealants, and resins that line metal cans. Linked to hormone disruption, birth defects, cancer with effects at very low doses.

  • level found: 1.2 ug/g creatinine in urine
  • Moderate vs 17 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (42nd %ile)
  • Low vs 2,612 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (21st %ile)
0ug/g creatinine in urine6.06


metals

3 of 3 found

Neurotoxic heavy metal linked to IQ deficits and behavioral problems. Found in dust from chipping lead paint in older homes, and in some tap water.

  • level found: 1.6 ug/dL (wet weight) in whole blood
  • Moderate vs 71 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (44th %ile)
  • Moderate vs 8,373 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (58th %ile)
0.222ug/dL (wet weight) in whole blood4.7


Mercury is used in dental fillings and to preserve vaccines; it is also a common pollutant in seafood. Mercury harms brain development and function.

  • level found: 2.72 ug/L (wet weight) in whole blood
  • Moderate vs 40 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (60th %ile)
  • High vs 8,373 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (91st %ile)
7.0E-5ug/L (wet weight) in whole blood12


Forms from mercury, a pollutant from coal-fired power plants and other sources. Methylmercury accumulates in seafood and harms brain development and function.

  • level found: 2.2 ug/L (wet weight) in whole blood
  • Moderate vs 88 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (49th %ile)
  • High vs 8,373 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (88th %ile)
0ug/L (wet weight) in whole blood25.9


nitro- and polycylic- musks

2 of 10 found

Fragrance ingredients. Build up in human tissues. May harm hormone system.

  • cumulative level found: 1.42 ng/g (wet weight) in blood serum
  • High vs 42 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (84th %ile)
0ng/g (wet weight) in blood serum4.23


Total Nitro- and polycylic- musks

Synthetic fragrance in cosmetics, cleaning agents, detergents, air fresheners, perfumes. Suspected hormone disruptor. Prevents cells from blocking entry of toxins in animal study. Bioaccumulative.

  • level found: 0.22 ng/g (wet weight) in blood serum
  • Moderate vs 42 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (60th %ile)
0ng/g (wet weight) in blood serum3.6


Synthetic fragrance in cosmetics, detergents, cigarettes. Suspected hormone disruptor. Prevents cells from blocking entry of toxins in animal study. Bioaccumulative.

  • level found: 1.2 ng/g (wet weight) in blood serum
  • High vs 42 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (96th %ile)
0ng/g (wet weight) in blood serum1.6


perchlorate

1 of 1 found

Explosive component of solid rocket and missile fuel. Widespread contaminant of food, drinking water, and people. Disrupts thyroid hormones, particularly in women with lower iodide intake; may harm brain development.

  • level found: 1.59 ug/L in urine
  • Moderate vs 24 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (67th %ile)
  • Low vs 2,818 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (15th %ile)
0ug/L in urine5.6


perfluorochemicals (pfcs)

5 of 13 found

Includes Teflon, Scotchgard, Stainmaster. Linked to cancer and birth defects.

  • cumulative level found: 3.96 ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum
  • Low vs 55 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (6th %ile)
  • Low vs 3,959 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (8th %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
2.63ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum77.7


Total Perfluorochemicals (PFCs)

Breakdown product of stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging, couches, carpets. A 9-carbon version of PFOA; persistent; bioaccumulative.

  • level found: 0.355 ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum
  • Low vs 55 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (6th %ile)
  • Low vs 2,368 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (20th %ile)
0ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum5.85


Used to make Teflon pan coatings; breakdown product of stain- and grease-proof coatings. Likely human carcinogen. Found in most people. Being phased out of some products.

  • level found: 0.366 ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum
  • Low vs 55 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (2nd %ile)
  • Low vs 2,368 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (13th %ile)
0.366ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum10.1


Breakdown product of stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging, couches, carpets. An 11-carbon version of PFOA; persistent; bioaccumulative.

  • level found: 0.155 ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum
  • Moderate vs 55 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (68th %ile)
  • High vs 2,368 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (93rd %ile)
0ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum1.76


In fire fighting foams and carpet treatments. Phased out of consumer products by 3M in 2000 over health concerns.

  • level found: 0.37 ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum
  • Low vs 55 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (22nd %ile)
  • Low vs 1,591 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (7th %ile)
0ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum13.1


Active ingredient in Scotchgard prior to 2000. Phase out forced by EPA because concentrations in human blood close to levels that harm lab animals.

  • level found: 2.71 ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum
  • Low vs 55 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (6th %ile)
  • Low vs 1,591 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (1st %ile)
1.07ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum64.1


polybrominated diphenyl ethers (pbdes)

28-33 of 46 found

Fire retardants in furniture foam, computers, and televisions. Accumulate in human tissues. May harm brain development.

  • cumulative level found: 120 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum
  • High vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (95th %ile)
  • High vs 2,337 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (85th %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
1.11ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum314


Total Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)

Brominated fire retardants used in polyurethan foam and plastics. These PBDEs are neurotoxic and persist in people and the environment. They were withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

  • level found: 0.0233 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [K]
  • High vs 76 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (95th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum0.0606


  • level found: 0.364 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [D]
  • High vs 76 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (91st %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum3.23


Brominated flame retardants used in plastics. Break down into more toxic and persistent forms in the environment. Withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

  • level found: 0.246 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [D]
  • Moderate vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (65th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum4.31


  • level found: 0.0348 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [D]
  • Moderate vs 76 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (65th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum0.782


Brominated fire retardants used in foam and plastics. Break down into more toxic and persistent forms in the environment. Withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

  • level found: 0.292 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [D]
  • High vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (94th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum0.59


  • level found: 0.49 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [D]
  • High vs 76 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (99th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum0.54


  • level found: 46.4 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum
  • High vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (99th %ile)
0.238ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum76.9


  • level found: 1.28 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [D]
  • High vs 76 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (94th %ile)
  • High vs 2,337 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (83rd %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum2.73


  • level found: 0.263 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [D]
  • High vs 76 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (98th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum0.488


Brominated fire retardants currently used in plastics and fabric. The major use is in electronic devices; the minor use is as a backcoating on industrial fabrics. Are directly toxic to mammals and breakdown to more dangerous forms in the environment.

  • level found: 0.926 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum
  • High vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (93rd %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum19.9


  • level found: 1.96 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum
  • High vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (92nd %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum19


  • level found: 1.76 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum
  • High vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (94th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum14.7


Brominated flame retardants used in plastics. Break down into more toxic and persistent forms in the environment. Withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

  • level found: 0.111 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum
  • Moderate vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (74th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum16.5


Brominated fire retardants used in polyurethan foam and plastics. These PBDEs are neurotoxic and persist in people and the environment. They were withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

  • level found: 12.1 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum
  • High vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (95th %ile)
  • High vs 2,337 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (85th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum32.6


  • level found: 0.0667 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [K]
  • High vs 76 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (99th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum0.251


  • level found: 0.0615 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [K]
  • High vs 76 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (90th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum0.27


  • level found: 0.873 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [D]
  • High vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (93rd %ile)
  • Moderate vs 2,337 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (61st %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum2.27


In PBDE chemical family - fire retardant in furniture foam, computers, televisions; may harm brain development and hormone systems.

  • level found: 10.4 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum
  • High vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (94th %ile)
  • High vs 2,337 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (79th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum31.2


Brominated fire retardants used in polyurethan foam and plastics. These PBDEs are neurotoxic and persist in people and the environment. They were withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

In PBDE chemical family - fire retardant in furniture foam, computers, televisions; may harm brain development and hormone systems.

  • level found: 38.9 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum
  • High vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (88th %ile)
  • Moderate vs 2,337 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (75th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum143


  • level found: 0.417 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [D]
  • High vs 76 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (97th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum1.26


  • level found: 0.0467 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum
  • High vs 76 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (97th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum0.191


  • level found: 0.467 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [D]
  • High vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (97th %ile)
  • High vs 2,337 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (81st %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum1.33


  • level found: 0.0474 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [KD]
  • High vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (99th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum0.273


  • level found: 0.0441 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum
  • High vs 76 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (93rd %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum0.128


  • level found: 0.126 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [D]
  • High vs 76 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (94th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum0.823


Brominated fire retardants used in polyurethan foam and plastics. These PBDEs are neurotoxic and persist in people and the environment. They were withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

  • level found: 0.151 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [KD]
  • High vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (94th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum0.673


  • level found: 1.72 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [D]
  • High vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (92nd %ile)
  • High vs 2,337 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (99th %ile)
0.0385ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum6.17


  • level found: 0.0267 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [KD]
  • High vs 76 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (90th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum0.386


Chemicals not found in Vivian Chang

30 chemicals

Tetrabromobisphenol A, Traseolide, Musk tibetene, Musk xylene, Phantolide, Musk moskene, Musk ketone, Cashmeran, Celestolide, PFDA (Perfluorodecanoic acid), PFDoA (Perfluorododecanoic acid), PFHpA (Perfluoroheptanoic acid), PFBA (Perfluorobutyric acid), PFBS (Perfluorobutane sulfonate), PFHxA (Perfluorohexanoic acid), PFOSA (Perfluorooctanesulfonic acid), PFPeA (Perfluoro-n-pentanoic acid), PBDE-181, PBDE-128, PBDE-126, PBDE-105, PBDE-77, PBDE-35, PBDE-32, PBDE-30, PBDE-10, PBDE-7, PBDE-8, PBDE-11, PBDE-209

References/Notes

[1] CDC (2005). National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals, Centers for Disease Control. http://www.cdc.gov/exposurereport/. (Methylmercury results have been compared to total mercury in CDC biomonitoring.)

[D] The concentration detected in the lab blank is 15% or greater of the detected value.

[K] Peak detected but did not meet quantification criteria; concentration is unconfirmed

[2] The chemicals co-eluted in the laboratory analysis.

See results for this participant's group