about this participant:

Jean Salone, a community activist from Corpus Christi, TX, participated in the -0001 biomonitoring investigation entitled "Adult Minority Leader Report." She gave blood and urine for the study on August 4, 2008 at age 67.

Jean Salone is a lifelong resident of Corpus Christi, a cancer survivor and an environmental justice community organizer. She was a key witness in a landmark case against the local CITGO refinery for criminal violations of the federal Clean Air Act. The company was found guilty in July 2007.

Location:

Corpus Christi, TX

Participant's groups:

Female

Study:

Adult Minority Leader Report

Sample Date:

August 4, 2008



health & safety concerns:
chemicals found in this person
Brain and nervous system33
Reproduction and fertility32
Birth defects and developmental delays3
Endocrine system3
Immune system (including sensitization and allergies)2
Chronic effects, general2
Cancer2
Hematologic (blood) system2



picture of Jean Salone

Participant: Jean Salone
Found 41-45 of 75 tested chemicals

Jean Salone's blood and urine contained 41-45 of 75 industrial compounds, pollutants and other chemicals tested, including chemicals linked to brain and nervous system toxicity, reproductive toxicity and fertility problems, and birth defects and developmental delays.

Summary of chemicals found in Jean Salone

chemical family level found health effects exposure routes
Bisphenol Ahigh Polycarbonate plastics, food can linings, dental sealants
Leadmoderate Lead-based paint in older homes, household dust, vinyl products, tap water
MercurylowBrain and nervous system Seafood, flu shots/vaccines, dental fillings
Methylmercurylow Dietary sources, particularly seafood
Nitro- and polycylic- musksmoderateEndocrine system Cosmetics, perfumes, cleaning agents, detergents, soaps
PerchloratelowHematologic (blood) system, Birth defects and developmental delays Contaminated food and drinking water
Perfluorochemicals (PFCs)highBirth defects and developmental delays, Cancer, Endocrine system Stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging, couches, carpets, pans
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)highReproduction and fertility, Brain and nervous system Foam furniture, carpet padding, computers, televisions, contaminated house dust, food

Test results by chemical family (see each chemical)

bisphenol a & badge

1 of 1 found

Detected in polycarbonate plastic, dental sealants, and resins that line metal cans. Linked to hormone disruption, birth defects, cancer with effects at very low doses.

  • level found: 4.48 ug/g creatinine in urine
  • High vs 17 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (83rd %ile)
  • High vs 2,612 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (77th %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
0ug/g creatinine in urine6.06


metals

3 of 3 found

Neurotoxic heavy metal linked to IQ deficits and behavioral problems. Found in dust from chipping lead paint in older homes, and in some tap water.

  • level found: 1.69 ug/dL (wet weight) in whole blood
  • Moderate vs 71 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (46th %ile)
  • Moderate vs 8,373 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (58th %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
0.222ug/dL (wet weight) in whole blood4.7


Mercury is used in dental fillings and to preserve vaccines; it is also a common pollutant in seafood. Mercury harms brain development and function.

  • level found: 0.19 ug/L (wet weight) in whole blood
  • Low vs 40 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (25th %ile)
  • Low vs 8,373 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (22nd %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
7.0E-5ug/L (wet weight) in whole blood12


Forms from mercury, a pollutant from coal-fired power plants and other sources. Methylmercury accumulates in seafood and harms brain development and function.

  • level found: 0.11 ug/L (wet weight) in whole blood [B]
  • Low vs 88 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (11th %ile)
  • Low vs 8,373 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (14th %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
0ug/L (wet weight) in whole blood25.9


nitro- and polycylic- musks

2 of 10 found — see each chemical

Fragrance ingredients. Build up in human tissues. May harm hormone system.

  • cumulative level found: 0.56 ng/g (wet weight) in blood serum
  • Moderate vs 42 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (62nd %ile)
0ng/g (wet weight) in blood serum4.23


Total Nitro- and polycylic- musks

perchlorate

1 of 1 found

Explosive component of solid rocket and missile fuel. Widespread contaminant of food, drinking water, and people. Disrupts thyroid hormones, particularly in women with lower iodide intake; may harm brain development.

  • level found: 0.25 ug/L in urine
  • Low vs 24 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (21st %ile)
  • Low vs 2,818 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (1st %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
0ug/L in urine5.6


perfluorochemicals (pfcs)

7 of 13 found — see each chemical

Includes Teflon, Scotchgard, Stainmaster. Linked to cancer and birth defects.

  • cumulative level found: 46.3 ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum
  • High vs 55 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (91st %ile)
  • High vs 3,959 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (80th %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
2.63ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum77.7


Total Perfluorochemicals (PFCs)

polybrominated diphenyl ethers (pbdes)

27-31 of 46 found — see each chemical

Fire retardants in furniture foam, computers, and televisions. Accumulate in human tissues. May harm brain development.

  • cumulative level found: 180 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum
  • High vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (98th %ile)
  • High vs 2,337 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (89th %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
1.11ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum314


Total Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)

Chemicals not found in Jean Salone

30 chemicals

Tetrabromobisphenol A, Traseolide, Musk moskene, Musk tibetene, Musk xylene, Phantolide, Musk ketone, Cashmeran, Celestolide, PFHxA (Perfluorohexanoic acid), PFHpA (Perfluoroheptanoic acid), PFDoA (Perfluorododecanoic acid), PFBA (Perfluorobutyric acid), PFBS (Perfluorobutane sulfonate), PFPeA (Perfluoro-n-pentanoic acid), PBDE-11, PBDE-181, PBDE-190, PBDE-126, PBDE-128, PBDE-105, PBDE-77, PBDE-32, PBDE-35, PBDE-10, PBDE-7, PBDE-12, PBDE-8, PBDE-13, PBDE-209

References/Notes

[1] CDC (2005). National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals, Centers for Disease Control. http://www.cdc.gov/exposurereport/. (Methylmercury results have been compared to total mercury in CDC biomonitoring.)

[B] Peak found in sample and associated Lab Blank below the reporting limit.

See results for this participant's group