about this participant:

Anonymous Adult 18, an investor from Alamo, CA, participated in the 2007 biomonitoring investigation entitled "EWG/Commonweal Study #7, consumer product chemicals in adults and teens." He gave blood and urine for the study on May 22, 2006 at age 58.

Location:

Alamo, CA

Participant's groups:

Mountain View, Male, Adult

Study:

EWG/Commonweal Study #7, consumer product chemicals in adults and teens


EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

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Sample Date:

May 22, 2006



health & safety concerns:
chemicals found in this person
Brain and nervous system19
Reproduction and fertility18
Endocrine system6
Immune system (including sensitization and allergies)5
Chronic effects, general4
Respiratory system3
Cancer2
Birth defects and developmental delays2



picture of Anonymous Adult 18

Participant: Anonymous Adult 18
Found 35-37 of 84 tested chemicals

Anonymous Adult 18's blood and urine contained 35-37 of 84 industrial compounds, pollutants and other chemicals tested, including chemicals linked to brain and nervous system toxicity, reproductive toxicity and fertility problems, and endocrine system toxicity.

Summary of chemicals found in Anonymous Adult 18

chemical family level found health effects exposure routes
AlkylphenolshighEndocrine system Cosmetics, detergents, pesticides, paints, carpet and dry cleaning
BADGE-4OHmoderateEndocrine system Food can linings, dental sealants
Leadhigh Lead-based paint in older homes, household dust, vinyl products, tap water
MercurylowBrain and nervous system Seafood, flu shots/vaccines, dental fillings
Methylmercurylow Dietary sources, particularly seafood
Nitro- and polycylic- musksmoderateEndocrine system Cosmetics, perfumes, cleaning agents, detergents, soaps
Perfluorochemicals (PFCs)moderateBirth defects and developmental delays, Cancer, Endocrine system Stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging, couches, carpets, pans
Phthalateslow Cosmetics, paint, soft plastic, food packaging, and other consumer products
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)lowReproduction and fertility, Brain and nervous system Foam furniture, carpet padding, computers, televisions, contaminated house dust, food
Triclosanfound, not quantifiedEndocrine system, Skin Antibacterial soap, toothpaste, cosmetics, cleaning products, shoe insoles, plastic cutting boards, other antibacterial items

Detailed report by chemical (return to summary)

alkylphenols

1 of 2 found

Surfactants in cosmetics, paints, detergents. Toxic to wildlife. May harm hormone system.

  • cumulative level found: 3.3 ng/g (wet weight) in blood serum
  • High vs 19 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (99th %ile)
0ng/g (wet weight) in blood serum3.3


Total Alkylphenols

Surfactants in cosmetics, household cleaners, and other products. Toxic to wildlife. Reproductive toxins.

  • level found: 3.3 ng/g (wet weight) in blood serum
  • High vs 19 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (99th %ile)
0ng/g (wet weight) in blood serum3.3


bisphenol a & badge

1 of 2 found

Metabolite of BADGE, used to make metal food can linings. Linked to hormone activity, skin and immune system toxicity and cancer.

  • level found: 7.97 ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum [C]
  • Moderate vs 41 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (40th %ile)
0ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum174


metals

3 of 3 found

Neurotoxic heavy metal linked to IQ deficits and behavioral problems. Found in dust from chipping lead paint in older homes, and in some tap water.

  • level found: 3.7 ug/dL (wet weight) in whole blood
  • High vs 71 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (92nd %ile)
  • High vs 8,373 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (92nd %ile)
0.222ug/dL (wet weight) in whole blood4.7


Mercury is used in dental fillings and to preserve vaccines; it is also a common pollutant in seafood. Mercury harms brain development and function.

  • level found: 0.17 ug/L (wet weight) in whole blood [*]
  • Low vs 40 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (23rd %ile)
  • Low vs 8,373 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (22nd %ile)
7.0E-5ug/L (wet weight) in whole blood12


Forms from mercury, a pollutant from coal-fired power plants and other sources. Methylmercury accumulates in seafood and harms brain development and function.

  • level found: 0.11 ug/L (wet weight) in whole blood [*]
  • Low vs 88 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (11th %ile)
  • Low vs 8,373 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (14th %ile)
0ug/L (wet weight) in whole blood25.9


nitro- and polycylic- musks

2 of 9 found

Fragrance ingredients. Build up in human tissues. May harm hormone system.

  • cumulative level found: 0.61 ng/g (wet weight) in blood serum
  • Moderate vs 42 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (67th %ile)
0ng/g (wet weight) in blood serum4.23


Total Nitro- and polycylic- musks

Synthetic fragrance in cosmetics, cleaning agents, detergents, air fresheners, perfumes. Suspected hormone disruptor. Prevents cells from blocking entry of toxins in animal study. Bioaccumulative.

  • level found: 0.44 ng/g (wet weight) in blood serum
  • High vs 42 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (79th %ile)
0ng/g (wet weight) in blood serum3.6


Synthetic fragrance in cosmetics, detergents, cigarettes. Suspected hormone disruptor. Prevents cells from blocking entry of toxins in animal study. Bioaccumulative.

  • level found: 0.17 ng/g (wet weight) in blood serum
  • High vs 42 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (77th %ile)
0ng/g (wet weight) in blood serum1.6


perfluorochemicals (pfcs)

7 of 13 found

Includes Teflon, Scotchgard, Stainmaster. Linked to cancer and birth defects.

  • cumulative level found: 30.4 ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum
  • Moderate vs 55 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (59th %ile)
  • Moderate vs 3,959 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (51st %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
2.63ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum77.7


Total Perfluorochemicals (PFCs)

Breakdown product of stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging, couches, carpets. A 7-carbon version of PFOA; persistent.

  • level found: found, but not quantified

found in 20 of 55 people, but not quantified

 


Breakdown product of stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging, couches, carpets. A 9-carbon version of PFOA; persistent; bioaccumulative.

  • level found: 1.1 ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum
  • Moderate vs 55 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (42nd %ile)
  • Moderate vs 2,368 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (70th %ile)
0ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum5.85


Used to make Teflon pan coatings; breakdown product of stain- and grease-proof coatings. Likely human carcinogen. Found in most people. Being phased out of some products.

  • level found: 7.44 ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum
  • High vs 55 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (93rd %ile)
  • High vs 2,368 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (93rd %ile)
0.366ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum10.1


In Scotchgard prior to 2000 - part of the 'PFOS chemistry' phased out of use by 3M in 2000 over health concerns; metabolized into PFOS by the body.

  • level found: found, but not quantified

found in 12 of 55 people, but not quantified

 


Breakdown product of stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging, couches, carpets. An 11-carbon version of PFOA; persistent; bioaccumulative.

  • level found: found, but not quantified

found in 37 of 55 people, but not quantified

 


In fire fighting foams and carpet treatments. Phased out of consumer products by 3M in 2000 over health concerns.

  • level found: 1.05 ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum
  • Moderate vs 55 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (28th %ile)
  • Low vs 1,591 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (25th %ile)
0ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum13.1


Active ingredient in Scotchgard prior to 2000. Phase out forced by EPA because concentrations in human blood close to levels that harm lab animals.

  • level found: 20.8 ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum
  • Moderate vs 55 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (66th %ile)
  • Moderate vs 1,591 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (30th %ile)
1.07ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum64.1


phthalates

5 of 7 found

In cosmetics, paint, and plastics. Linked to sperm damage and birth defects of male reproductive system.

  • cumulative level found: 121 ug/g creatinine in urine
  • Low vs 72 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (10th %ile)
  • Low vs 8,020 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (16th %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
102ug/g creatinine in urine10800


Total Phthalates

Breakdown product of bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), used in plastics; fetal and adult exposure to DEHP in animals is linked to male reproductive issues.

  • level found: 34 ug/g creatinine in urine
  • Moderate vs 72 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (31st %ile)
  • Moderate vs 5,479 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (74th %ile)
5.64ug/g creatinine in urine6960


Breakdown product of bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), used in plastics; fetal and adult exposure to DEHP in animals is linked to male reproductive issues.

  • level found: 19.4 ug/g creatinine in urine
  • Moderate vs 72 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (31st %ile)
  • Moderate vs 5,479 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (70th %ile)
5.98ug/g creatinine in urine2850


Formed from dibutyl phthalates, used in nail polish, cosmetics, and other consumer products; linked to birth defects and male reproductive issues.

  • level found: 35 ug/g creatinine in urine
  • Low vs 72 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (23rd %ile)
  • Moderate vs 8,020 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (73rd %ile)
7.53ug/g creatinine in urine250


Breakdown product of benzylbutyl phthalate, used in vinyl flooring, car-care products, some cosmetics. Fetal and adult exposures are linked to male reproductive problems.

  • level found: 11.4 ug/g creatinine in urine
  • Moderate vs 72 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (28th %ile)
  • Moderate vs 8,020 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (42nd %ile)
2.73ug/g creatinine in urine436


Breakdown product of diethyl phthalate, used in consumer products, fragrances. Fetal and adult exposures are linked to male reproductive problems.

  • level found: 21.6 ug/g creatinine in urine
  • Low vs 72 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (17th %ile)
  • Low vs 8,015 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (5th %ile)
9.38ug/g creatinine in urine849


polybrominated diphenyl ethers (pbdes)

15-17 of 46 found

Fire retardants in furniture foam, computers, and televisions. Accumulate in human tissues. May harm brain development.

  • cumulative level found: 13.1 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum
  • Moderate vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (29th %ile)
  • Low vs 2,337 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (21st %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
1.11ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum314


Total Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)

Brominated flame retardants used in plastics. Break down into more toxic and persistent forms in the environment. Withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

  • level found: 0.0437 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [KJ]
  • Moderate vs 76 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (70th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum0.782


Brominated fire retardants used in foam and plastics. Break down into more toxic and persistent forms in the environment. Withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

  • level found: 0.0298 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [J]
  • Moderate vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (58th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum0.59


  • level found: 0.0289 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [J]
  • Moderate vs 76 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (43rd %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum0.54


  • level found: 3.2 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum
  • Moderate vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (44th %ile)
0.238ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum76.9


  • level found: 0.146 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [J]
  • Moderate vs 76 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (52nd %ile)
  • Low vs 2,337 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (15th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum2.73


  • level found: 0.04 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [KJ]
  • Moderate vs 76 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (43rd %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum0.488


Brominated flame retardants used in plastics. Break down into more toxic and persistent forms in the environment. Withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

  • level found: 0.103 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [J]
  • Moderate vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (73rd %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum16.5


Brominated fire retardants used in polyurethan foam and plastics. These PBDEs are neurotoxic and persist in people and the environment. They were withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

  • level found: 1.08 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum
  • Moderate vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (33rd %ile)
  • Low vs 2,337 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (22nd %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum32.6


  • level found: 0.103 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [J]
  • Moderate vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (54th %ile)
  • Low vs 2,337 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (17th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum2.27


In PBDE chemical family - fire retardant in furniture foam, computers, televisions; may harm brain development and hormone systems.

  • level found: 1.18 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum
  • Moderate vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (40th %ile)
  • Low vs 2,337 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (24th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum31.2


Brominated fire retardants used in polyurethan foam and plastics. These PBDEs are neurotoxic and persist in people and the environment. They were withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

In PBDE chemical family - fire retardant in furniture foam, computers, televisions; may harm brain development and hormone systems.

  • level found: 6.15 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum
  • Moderate vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (30th %ile)
  • Low vs 2,337 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (24th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum143


  • level found: 0.101 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [KJ]
  • Moderate vs 76 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (62nd %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum1.26


  • level found: 0.0668 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [J]
  • Moderate vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (65th %ile)
  • Low vs 2,337 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (16th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum1.33


  • level found: 0.0578 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [J]
  • High vs 76 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (79th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum0.823


Brominated fire retardants used in polyurethan foam and plastics. These PBDEs are neurotoxic and persist in people and the environment. They were withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

  • level found: 0.549 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [J]
  • Moderate vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (46th %ile)
  • High vs 2,337 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (96th %ile)
0.0385ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum6.17


triclosan

1 of 1 found

Antibacterial agent (pesticide) in liquid hand soap, toothpaste, cosmetics, cleaning products, footwear, and plastic products labeled "antibacterial." Triclosan may disrupt thyroid hormones, and can form several chemicals with health and environmental concerns.

  • level found: found, but not quantified

found in 17 of 21 people, but not quantified

 


Chemicals not found in Anonymous Adult 18

47 chemicals

4-tert-Octylphenol, Bisphenol A, Celestolide, Musk tibetene, Musk xylene, Musk moskene, Musk ketone, Cashmeran, Traseolide, Perchlorate, PFHxA (Perfluorohexanoic acid), PFBA (Perfluorobutyric acid), PFPeA (Perfluoro-n-pentanoic acid), PFDoA (Perfluorododecanoic acid), PFBS (Perfluorobutane sulfonate), PFDA (Perfluorodecanoic acid), Mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate, Monomethyl phthalate, PBDE-128, PBDE-207, PBDE-206, PBDE-209, PBDE-35, PBDE-208, PBDE-181, PBDE-7, PBDE-8, PBDE-10, PBDE-126, PBDE-77, PBDE-11, PBDE-37, PBDE-12, PBDE-13, PBDE-32, PBDE-30, PBDE-75, PBDE-183, PBDE-51, PBDE-17, PBDE-105, PBDE-119, PBDE-116, PBDE-71, PBDE-25, PBDE-120, PBDE-15

References/Notes

[1] CDC (2005). National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals, Centers for Disease Control. http://www.cdc.gov/exposurereport/. (Methylmercury results have been compared to total mercury in CDC biomonitoring.)

[*] Concentration was above detection limits but below practical quantification limits and should be considered an estimate

[J] Concentration is below the lowest method calibration limit

[K] Peak detected but did not meet quantification criteria; concentration is unconfirmed

[C] BADGE-40H concentrations varied reproducibly between sampling vials, reflecting evidence of background contamination or blood composition differences between vials.

[2] The chemicals co-eluted in the laboratory analysis.

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