about this participant:

Anonymous Adult 3, from Newton, MA, participated in the 2007 biomonitoring investigation entitled "EWG/Commonweal Study #7, consumer product chemicals in adults and teens." She gave blood and urine for the study on June 5, 2006 at age 49.

Location:

Newton, MA

Participant's groups:

Female, Adult

Study:

EWG/Commonweal Study #7, consumer product chemicals in adults and teens


EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

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Sample Date:

June 5, 2006



health & safety concerns:
chemicals found in this person
Brain and nervous system20
Reproduction and fertility19
Immune system (including sensitization and allergies)6
Respiratory system4
Birth defects and developmental delays3
Chronic effects, general3
Cancer2
Hematologic (blood) system2



picture of Anonymous Adult 3

Participant: Anonymous Adult 3
Found 37-39 of 84 tested chemicals

Anonymous Adult 3's blood and urine contained 37-39 of 84 industrial compounds, pollutants and other chemicals tested, including chemicals linked to brain and nervous system toxicity, reproductive toxicity and fertility problems, and immune system toxicity.

Summary of chemicals found in Anonymous Adult 3

chemical family level found health effects exposure routes
Leadhigh Lead-based paint in older homes, household dust, vinyl products, tap water
MercuryhighBrain and nervous system Seafood, flu shots/vaccines, dental fillings
Methylmercuryhigh Dietary sources, particularly seafood
Nitro- and polycylic- musksmoderate Cosmetics, perfumes, cleaning agents, detergents, soaps
PerchloratelowHematologic (blood) system, Birth defects and developmental delays Contaminated food and drinking water
Perfluorochemicals (PFCs)moderateBirth defects and developmental delays, Cancer, Endocrine system Stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging, couches, carpets, pans
Phthalateshigh Cosmetics, paint, soft plastic, food packaging, and other consumer products
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)lowReproduction and fertility, Brain and nervous system Foam furniture, carpet padding, computers, televisions, contaminated house dust, food
Triclosanfound, not quantifiedEndocrine system, Skin Antibacterial soap, toothpaste, cosmetics, cleaning products, shoe insoles, plastic cutting boards, other antibacterial items

Detailed report by chemical (return to summary)

metals

3 of 3 found

Neurotoxic heavy metal linked to IQ deficits and behavioral problems. Found in dust from chipping lead paint in older homes, and in some tap water.

  • level found: 2.5 ug/dL (wet weight) in whole blood
  • Moderate vs 71 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (72nd %ile)
  • High vs 8,373 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (80th %ile)
0.222ug/dL (wet weight) in whole blood4.7


Mercury is used in dental fillings and to preserve vaccines; it is also a common pollutant in seafood. Mercury harms brain development and function.

  • level found: 4.12 ug/L (wet weight) in whole blood
  • Moderate vs 40 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (75th %ile)
  • High vs 8,373 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (96th %ile)
7.0E-5ug/L (wet weight) in whole blood12


Forms from mercury, a pollutant from coal-fired power plants and other sources. Methylmercury accumulates in seafood and harms brain development and function.

  • level found: 3.75 ug/L (wet weight) in whole blood
  • Moderate vs 88 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (63rd %ile)
  • High vs 8,373 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (95th %ile)
0ug/L (wet weight) in whole blood25.9


nitro- and polycylic- musks

1 of 9 found

Fragrance ingredients. Build up in human tissues. May harm hormone system.

  • cumulative level found: 0.2 ng/g (wet weight) in blood serum
  • Moderate vs 42 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (41st %ile)
0ng/g (wet weight) in blood serum4.23


Total Nitro- and polycylic- musks

Synthetic fragrance in perfumes and cosmetics. Can cause skin reactions including hyperpigmentation and contact dermatitis. Bioaccumulative.

  • level found: 0.2 ng/g (wet weight) in blood serum
  • High vs 42 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (96th %ile)
0ng/g (wet weight) in blood serum0.45


perchlorate

1 of 1 found

Explosive component of solid rocket and missile fuel. Widespread contaminant of food, drinking water, and people. Disrupts thyroid hormones, particularly in women with lower iodide intake; may harm brain development.

  • level found: 0.3 ug/L in urine
  • Moderate vs 24 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (30th %ile)
  • Low vs 2,818 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (1st %ile)
0ug/L in urine5.6


perfluorochemicals (pfcs)

9 of 13 found

Includes Teflon, Scotchgard, Stainmaster. Linked to cancer and birth defects.

  • cumulative level found: 25.4 ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum
  • Moderate vs 55 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (46th %ile)
  • Moderate vs 3,959 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (39th %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
2.63ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum77.7


Total Perfluorochemicals (PFCs)

Breakdown product of stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging, couches, carpets. A 4-carbon version of PFOA; persistent.

  • level found: 0.989 ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum
  • High vs 55 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (91st %ile)
0ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum1.51


Breakdown product of stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging, couches, carpets. A 10-carbon version of PFOA; persistent; bioaccumulative.

  • level found: 0.837 ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum
  • High vs 55 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (91st %ile)
  • High vs 2,368 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (96th %ile)
0ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum1.47


Breakdown product of stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging, couches, carpets. A 7-carbon version of PFOA; persistent.

  • level found: found, but not quantified

found in 20 of 55 people, but not quantified

 


Breakdown product of stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging, couches, carpets. A 9-carbon version of PFOA; persistent; bioaccumulative.

  • level found: 1.96 ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum
  • High vs 55 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (82nd %ile)
  • High vs 2,368 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (90th %ile)
0ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum5.85


Used to make Teflon pan coatings; breakdown product of stain- and grease-proof coatings. Likely human carcinogen. Found in most people. Being phased out of some products.

  • level found: 3.11 ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum
  • Moderate vs 55 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (31st %ile)
  • Moderate vs 2,368 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (45th %ile)
0.366ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum10.1


In Scotchgard prior to 2000 - part of the 'PFOS chemistry' phased out of use by 3M in 2000 over health concerns; metabolized into PFOS by the body.

  • level found: found, but not quantified

found in 12 of 55 people, but not quantified

 


Breakdown product of stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging, couches, carpets. An 11-carbon version of PFOA; persistent; bioaccumulative.

  • level found: 1.04 ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum
  • High vs 55 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (88th %ile)
  • High vs 2,368 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (99th %ile)
0ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum1.76


In fire fighting foams and carpet treatments. Phased out of consumer products by 3M in 2000 over health concerns.

  • level found: found, but not quantified

found in 49 of 55 people, but not quantified

 


Active ingredient in Scotchgard prior to 2000. Phase out forced by EPA because concentrations in human blood close to levels that harm lab animals.

  • level found: 17.5 ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum
  • Moderate vs 55 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (50th %ile)
  • Low vs 1,591 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (21st %ile)
1.07ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum64.1


phthalates

6 of 7 found

In cosmetics, paint, and plastics. Linked to sperm damage and birth defects of male reproductive system.

  • cumulative level found: 684 ug/g creatinine in urine
  • High vs 72 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (78th %ile)
  • High vs 8,020 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (79th %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
102ug/g creatinine in urine10800


Total Phthalates

Breakdown product of bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), used in plastics; fetal and adult exposure to DEHP in animals is linked to male reproductive issues.

  • level found: 241 ug/g creatinine in urine
  • High vs 72 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (84th %ile)
  • High vs 5,479 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (98th %ile)
5.64ug/g creatinine in urine6960


Breakdown product of bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), used in plastics; fetal and adult exposure to DEHP in animals is linked to male reproductive issues.

  • level found: 106 ug/g creatinine in urine
  • High vs 72 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (80th %ile)
  • High vs 5,479 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (96th %ile)
5.98ug/g creatinine in urine2850


Breakdown product of bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), used in plastics. Linked to male reproductive issues in people and animals.

  • level found: 40 ug/g creatinine in urine
  • High vs 72 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (84th %ile)
  • High vs 8,020 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (98th %ile)
0ug/g creatinine in urine829


Formed from dibutyl phthalates, used in nail polish, cosmetics, and other consumer products; linked to birth defects and male reproductive issues.

  • level found: 111 ug/g creatinine in urine
  • High vs 72 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (88th %ile)
  • High vs 8,020 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (97th %ile)
7.53ug/g creatinine in urine250


Breakdown product of benzylbutyl phthalate, used in vinyl flooring, car-care products, some cosmetics. Fetal and adult exposures are linked to male reproductive problems.

  • level found: 102 ug/g creatinine in urine
  • High vs 72 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (95th %ile)
  • High vs 8,020 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (97th %ile)
2.73ug/g creatinine in urine436


Breakdown product of diethyl phthalate, used in consumer products, fragrances. Fetal and adult exposures are linked to male reproductive problems.

  • level found: 85.1 ug/g creatinine in urine
  • Moderate vs 72 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (64th %ile)
  • Moderate vs 8,015 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (31st %ile)
9.38ug/g creatinine in urine849


polybrominated diphenyl ethers (pbdes)

16-18 of 46 found

Fire retardants in furniture foam, computers, and televisions. Accumulate in human tissues. May harm brain development.

  • cumulative level found: 13.7 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum
  • Moderate vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (30th %ile)
  • Low vs 2,337 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (21st %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
1.11ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum314


Total Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)

Brominated fire retardants used in polyurethan foam and plastics. These PBDEs are neurotoxic and persist in people and the environment. They were withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

  • level found: 0.301 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [JO]
  • High vs 76 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (78th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum3.23


Brominated flame retardants used in plastics. Break down into more toxic and persistent forms in the environment. Withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

  • level found: 0.28 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [J]
  • Moderate vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (72nd %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum4.31


Brominated fire retardants used in foam and plastics. Break down into more toxic and persistent forms in the environment. Withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

  • level found: 0.0367 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [J]
  • Moderate vs 76 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (58th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum0.54


  • level found: 3.45 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum
  • Moderate vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (48th %ile)
0.238ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum76.9


  • level found: 0.144 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [J]
  • Moderate vs 76 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (48th %ile)
  • Low vs 2,337 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (15th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum2.73


  • level found: 0.0729 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [KJ]
  • High vs 76 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (83rd %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum0.488


Brominated flame retardants used in plastics. Break down into more toxic and persistent forms in the environment. Withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

  • level found: 0.0551 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [KJ]
  • Moderate vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (63rd %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum16.5


Brominated fire retardants used in polyurethan foam and plastics. These PBDEs are neurotoxic and persist in people and the environment. They were withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

  • level found: 1.23 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum
  • Moderate vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (38th %ile)
  • Low vs 2,337 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (25th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum32.6


  • level found: 0.0681 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [KJ]
  • High vs 76 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (93rd %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum0.27


  • level found: 0.0805 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [J]
  • Moderate vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (51st %ile)
  • Low vs 2,337 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (17th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum2.27


In PBDE chemical family - fire retardant in furniture foam, computers, televisions; may harm brain development and hormone systems.

  • level found: 0.946 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum
  • Moderate vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (38th %ile)
  • Low vs 2,337 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (24th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum31.2


Brominated fire retardants used in polyurethan foam and plastics. These PBDEs are neurotoxic and persist in people and the environment. They were withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

In PBDE chemical family - fire retardant in furniture foam, computers, televisions; may harm brain development and hormone systems.

  • level found: 6.31 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum
  • Moderate vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (31st %ile)
  • Low vs 2,337 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (24th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum143


  • level found: 0.0588 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [J]
  • Moderate vs 76 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (44th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum1.26


  • level found: 0.059 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [J]
  • Moderate vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (64th %ile)
  • Low vs 2,337 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (16th %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum1.33


Brominated fire retardants used in polyurethan foam and plastics. These PBDEs are neurotoxic and persist in people and the environment. They were withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

  • level found: 0.611 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [J]
  • Moderate vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (52nd %ile)
  • High vs 2,337 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (98th %ile)
0.0385ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum6.17


  • level found: 0.0328 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum [J]
  • High vs 76 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (91st %ile)
0ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum0.386


triclosan

1 of 1 found

Antibacterial agent (pesticide) in liquid hand soap, toothpaste, cosmetics, cleaning products, footwear, and plastic products labeled "antibacterial." Triclosan may disrupt thyroid hormones, and can form several chemicals with health and environmental concerns.

  • level found: found, but not quantified

found in 17 of 21 people, but not quantified

 


Chemicals not found in Anonymous Adult 3

45 chemicals

4-tert-Octylphenol, Nonylphenol, BADGE-4OH, Bisphenol A, Musk ketone, Musk tibetene, Musk xylene, Celestolide, Traseolide, Cashmeran, Galaxolide, Tonalide, PFPeA (Perfluoro-n-pentanoic acid), PFDoA (Perfluorododecanoic acid), PFBS (Perfluorobutane sulfonate), PFHxA (Perfluorohexanoic acid), Monomethyl phthalate, PBDE-12, PBDE-128, PBDE-181, PBDE-138, PBDE-51, PBDE-17, PBDE-190, PBDE-126, PBDE-77, PBDE-35, PBDE-79, PBDE-11, PBDE-13, PBDE-209, PBDE-206, PBDE-207, PBDE-10, PBDE-8, PBDE-105, PBDE-166, PBDE-116, PBDE-71, PBDE-25, PBDE-75, PBDE-30, PBDE-32, PBDE-7, PBDE-208

References/Notes

[1] CDC (2005). National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals, Centers for Disease Control. http://www.cdc.gov/exposurereport/. (Methylmercury results have been compared to total mercury in CDC biomonitoring.)

[J] Concentration is below the lowest method calibration limit

[K] Peak detected but did not meet quantification criteria; concentration is unconfirmed

[O] Accuracy of test result not verified by laboratory. Data provided for informational purposes.

[2] The chemicals co-eluted in the laboratory analysis.

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