about this participant:
Heather Gellert, a student from Belvedere, CA, participated in the 2006 biomonitoring investigation entitled "EWG Study #6, consumer product chemicals in mothers and daughters." She gave blood and urine for the study on November 29, 2005 at age 17.
November 29, 2005
health & safety concerns:
|chemicals found in this person|
|Brain and nervous system||21|
|Reproduction and fertility||21|
|Immune system (including sensitization and allergies)||5|
|Chronic effects, general||2|
|Birth defects and developmental delays||2|
Participant: Heather Gellert
Found 31-34 of 70 tested chemicals
Heather Gellert's blood and urine contained 31-34 of 70 industrial compounds, pollutants and other chemicals tested, including chemicals linked to brain and nervous system toxicity, reproductive toxicity and fertility problems, and immune system toxicity.
- This participant's samples show the highest levels of BADGE-4OH compared to all others in EWG studies
- This participant's samples show above average levels of Perfluorochemicals (PFCs), Methylmercury, compared to all others in EWG studies
Summary of chemicals found in Heather Gellert
|chemical family||level found||health effects||exposure routes|
|BADGE-4OH||high||Endocrine system||Food can linings, dental sealants|
|Lead||low||Lead-based paint in older homes, household dust, vinyl products, tap water|
|Methylmercury||high||Dietary sources, particularly seafood|
|Perfluorochemicals (PFCs)||moderate||Cancer, Birth defects and developmental delays, Endocrine system||Stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging, couches, carpets, pans|
|Phthalates||moderate||Cosmetics, paint, soft plastic, food packaging, and other consumer products|
|Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)||low||Reproduction and fertility, Brain and nervous system||Foam furniture, carpet padding, computers, televisions, contaminated house dust, food|
Test results by chemical family (see each chemical)
1 of 2 found
Metabolite of BADGE, used to make metal food can linings. Linked to hormone activity, skin and immune system toxicity and cancer.
- level found: 174 ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum
- High vs 41 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (99th %ile)
|0||ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum||174|
2 of 2 found
Neurotoxic heavy metal linked to IQ deficits and behavioral problems. Found in dust from chipping lead paint in older homes, and in some tap water.
- level found: 0.5 ug/dL (wet weight) in whole blood [*]
- Low vs 71 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (19th %ile)
- Low vs 8,373 tested in CDC biomonitoring  (12th %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
|0.222||ug/dL (wet weight) in whole blood||4.7|
Forms from mercury, a pollutant from coal-fired power plants and other sources. Methylmercury accumulates in seafood and harms brain development and function.
- level found: 2.31 ug/L (wet weight) in whole blood
- Moderate vs 88 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (52nd %ile)
- High vs 8,373 tested in CDC biomonitoring  (89th %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
|0||ug/L (wet weight) in whole blood||25.9|
5 of 13 found — see each chemical
Includes Teflon, Scotchgard, Stainmaster. Linked to cancer and birth defects.
- cumulative level found: 26.8 ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum
- Moderate vs 55 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (53rd %ile)
- Moderate vs 3,959 tested in CDC biomonitoring  (45th %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
|2.63||ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum||77.7|
Total Perfluorochemicals (PFCs)
6 of 7 found — see each chemical
In cosmetics, paint, and plastics. Linked to sperm damage and birth defects of male reproductive system.
- cumulative level found: 294 ug/g creatinine in urine
- Moderate vs 72 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (45th %ile)
- Moderate vs 8,020 tested in CDC biomonitoring  (50th %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
|102||ug/g creatinine in urine||10800|
17-20 of 46 found — see each chemical
Fire retardants in furniture foam, computers, and televisions. Accumulate in human tissues. May harm brain development.
- cumulative level found: 9.21 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum
- Low vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (19th %ile)
- Low vs 2,337 tested in CDC biomonitoring  (18th %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
|1.11||ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum||314|
Total Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)
Chemicals not found in Heather Gellert
Bisphenol A, PFDoA (Perfluorododecanoic acid), PFBA (Perfluorobutyric acid), PFBS (Perfluorobutane sulfonate), PFUnA (Perfluoroundecanoic acid), PFPeA (Perfluoro-n-pentanoic acid), PFOSA (Perfluorooctanesulfonic acid), PFDA (Perfluorodecanoic acid), PFHxA (Perfluorohexanoic acid), Monomethyl phthalate, PBDE-77, PBDE-7, PBDE-37, PBDE-85, PBDE-99, PBDE-12, PBDE-155, PBDE-154, PBDE-32, PBDE-30, PBDE-13, PBDE-138, PBDE-166, PBDE-8, PBDE-11, PBDE-10, PBDE-105, PBDE-116, PBDE-126, PBDE-128, PBDE-181, PBDE-206, PBDE-207, PBDE-208, PBDE-209, PBDE-203
 CDC (2005). National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals, Centers for Disease Control. http://www.cdc.gov/exposurereport/. (Methylmercury results have been compared to total mercury in CDC biomonitoring.)
[*] Concentration was above detection limits but below practical quantification limits and should be considered an estimate