about this participant:

Nicholas, from New York, participated in the 2007 biomonitoring investigation entitled "EWG Study #8, chemicals in mother and 2 children." He gave blood and urine for the study at age 1.

Location:

New York

Participant's groups:

Toddler, Male, Anonymous Family #2

Study:

EWG Study #8, chemicals in mother and 2 children



health & safety concerns:
chemicals found in this person
Immune system (including sensitization and allergies)4
Respiratory system3
Endocrine system2
Cancer2
Chronic effects, general2
Birth defects and developmental delays2
Behavioral effects1
Brain and nervous system1



picture of Nicholas

Participant: Nicholas
Found 10 of 22 tested chemicals

Nicholas's blood and urine contained 10 of 22 industrial compounds, pollutants and other chemicals tested, including chemicals linked to immune system toxicity, respiratory system toxicity, and endocrine system toxicity.

Summary of chemicals found in Nicholas

chemical family level found health effects exposure routes
Perfluorochemicals (PFCs)moderateBirth defects and developmental delays, Cancer, Endocrine system Stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging, couches, carpets, pans
PhthalatesmoderateEndocrine system Cosmetics, paint, soft plastic, food packaging, and other consumer products

Detailed report by chemical (return to summary)

perfluorochemicals (pfcs)

4 of 13 found

Includes Teflon, Scotchgard, Stainmaster. Linked to cancer and birth defects.

  • cumulative level found: 21.7 ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum
  • Moderate vs 55 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (39th %ile)
  • Moderate vs 3,959 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (32nd %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
2.63ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum77.7


Total Perfluorochemicals (PFCs)

Breakdown product of stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging, couches, carpets. A 9-carbon version of PFOA; persistent; bioaccumulative.

  • level found: 1.36 ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum [A]
  • Moderate vs 55 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (53rd %ile)
  • High vs 2,368 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (78th %ile)
0ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum5.85


Used to make Teflon pan coatings; breakdown product of stain- and grease-proof coatings. Likely human carcinogen. Found in most people. Being phased out of some products.

  • level found: 6.74 ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum [A]
  • High vs 55 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (90th %ile)
  • High vs 2,368 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (90th %ile)
0.366ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum10.1


In fire fighting foams and carpet treatments. Phased out of consumer products by 3M in 2000 over health concerns.

  • level found: 2.11 ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum [A]
  • Moderate vs 55 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (57th %ile)
  • Moderate vs 1,591 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (58th %ile)
0ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum13.1


Active ingredient in Scotchgard prior to 2000. Phase out forced by EPA because concentrations in human blood close to levels that harm lab animals.

  • level found: 11.5 ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum [A]
  • Moderate vs 55 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (30th %ile)
  • Low vs 1,591 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (8th %ile)
1.07ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum64.1


phthalates

6 of 7 found

In cosmetics, paint, and plastics. Linked to sperm damage and birth defects of male reproductive system.

  • cumulative level found: 174 ug/g creatinine in urine
  • Low vs 72 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (21st %ile)
  • Moderate vs 8,020 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (28th %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
102ug/g creatinine in urine10800


Total Phthalates

Breakdown product of bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), used in plastics; fetal and adult exposure to DEHP in animals is linked to male reproductive issues.

  • level found: 9 ug/g creatinine in urine
  • Low vs 72 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (3rd %ile)
  • Low vs 5,479 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (23rd %ile)
5.64ug/g creatinine in urine6960


Breakdown product of bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), used in plastics; fetal and adult exposure to DEHP in animals is linked to male reproductive issues.

  • level found: 16.4 ug/g creatinine in urine
  • Low vs 72 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (21st %ile)
  • Moderate vs 5,479 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (63rd %ile)
5.98ug/g creatinine in urine2850


Formed from dibutyl phthalates, used in nail polish, cosmetics, and other consumer products; linked to birth defects and male reproductive issues.

  • level found: 54.9 ug/g creatinine in urine
  • Moderate vs 72 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (48th %ile)
  • High vs 8,020 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (87th %ile)
7.53ug/g creatinine in urine250


Breakdown product of benzylbutyl phthalate, used in vinyl flooring, car-care products, some cosmetics. Fetal and adult exposures are linked to male reproductive problems.

  • level found: 34.7 ug/g creatinine in urine
  • Moderate vs 72 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (71st %ile)
  • High vs 8,020 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (82nd %ile)
2.73ug/g creatinine in urine436


Breakdown product of diethyl phthalate, used in consumer products, fragrances. Fetal and adult exposures are linked to male reproductive problems.

  • level found: 38.1 ug/g creatinine in urine
  • Moderate vs 72 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (38th %ile)
  • Low vs 8,015 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (12th %ile)
9.38ug/g creatinine in urine849


Breakdown product of dimethyl phthalate, used in insect repellant, plastic, rocket propellant. Fetal and adult exposures are linked to male reproductive problems in people.

  • level found: 21.4 ug/g creatinine in urine
  • High vs 72 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (80th %ile)
  • High vs 5,479 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (98th %ile)
0ug/g creatinine in urine323


Chemicals not found in Nicholas

12 chemicals

Bisphenol A, PFBA (Perfluorobutyric acid), PFBS (Perfluorobutane sulfonate), PFDA (Perfluorodecanoic acid), PFDoA (Perfluorododecanoic acid), PFHpA (Perfluoroheptanoic acid), PFHxA (Perfluorohexanoic acid), PFOSA (Perfluorooctanesulfonic acid), PFPeA (Perfluoro-n-pentanoic acid), PFUnA (Perfluoroundecanoic acid), Mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate, Triclosan

References/Notes

[1] CDC (2005). National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals, Centers for Disease Control. http://www.cdc.gov/exposurereport/. (Methylmercury results have been compared to total mercury in CDC biomonitoring.)

[A] Represents an average of two or more test results

See results for this participant's group