about this participant:
Nicholas, from New York, participated in the 2007 biomonitoring investigation entitled "EWG Study #8, chemicals in mother and 2 children." He gave blood and urine for the study at age 1.
health & safety concerns:
|chemicals found in this person|
|Immune system (including sensitization and allergies)||4|
|Chronic effects, general||2|
|Birth defects and developmental delays||2|
|Brain and nervous system||1|
Found 10 of 22 tested chemicals
Nicholas's blood and urine contained 10 of 22 industrial compounds, pollutants and other chemicals tested, including chemicals linked to immune system toxicity, respiratory system toxicity, and endocrine system toxicity.
Summary of chemicals found in Nicholas
|chemical family||level found||health effects||exposure routes|
|Perfluorochemicals (PFCs)||moderate||Birth defects and developmental delays, Cancer, Endocrine system||Stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging, couches, carpets, pans|
|Phthalates||moderate||Endocrine system||Cosmetics, paint, soft plastic, food packaging, and other consumer products|
Test results by chemical family (see each chemical)
4 of 13 found — see each chemical
Includes Teflon, Scotchgard, Stainmaster. Linked to cancer and birth defects.
- cumulative level found: 21.7 ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum
- Moderate vs 55 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (39th %ile)
- Moderate vs 3,959 tested in CDC biomonitoring  (32nd %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
|2.63||ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum||77.7|
Total Perfluorochemicals (PFCs)
6 of 7 found — see each chemical
In cosmetics, paint, and plastics. Linked to sperm damage and birth defects of male reproductive system.
- cumulative level found: 174 ug/g creatinine in urine
- Low vs 72 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (21st %ile)
- Moderate vs 8,020 tested in CDC biomonitoring  (28th %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
|102||ug/g creatinine in urine||10800|
Chemicals not found in Nicholas
Bisphenol A, PFBA (Perfluorobutyric acid), PFBS (Perfluorobutane sulfonate), PFDA (Perfluorodecanoic acid), PFDoA (Perfluorododecanoic acid), PFHpA (Perfluoroheptanoic acid), PFHxA (Perfluorohexanoic acid), PFOSA (Perfluorooctanesulfonic acid), PFPeA (Perfluoro-n-pentanoic acid), PFUnA (Perfluoroundecanoic acid), Mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate, Triclosan
 CDC (2005). National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals, Centers for Disease Control. http://www.cdc.gov/exposurereport/. (Methylmercury results have been compared to total mercury in CDC biomonitoring.)