about this participant:

Darcy White, a Registered Nurse from Raytown, MO, participated in the 2003 biomonitoring investigation entitled "EWG Study #2, flame retardants in breast milk." She gave breast milk for the study on March 11, 2003 at age 28, when her baby, Katelyn, was 25 days old.

Related links:
Location:

Raytown, MO

Participant's groups:

Women of Childbearing Age, Female, Adult

Study:

EWG Study #2, flame retardants in breast milk

Sample Date:

March 11, 2003



health & safety concerns:
chemicals found in this person
Brain and nervous system26
Reproduction and fertility26



picture of Darcy White

Participant: Darcy White
Found 22-26 of 44 tested chemicals

Darcy White's breast milk contained 22-26 of 44 industrial compounds, pollutants and other chemicals tested, including chemicals linked to brain and nervous system toxicity, reproductive toxicity and fertility problems,

Summary of chemicals found in Darcy White

chemical family level found health effects exposure routes
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)highReproduction and fertility, Brain and nervous system Foam furniture, carpet padding, computers, televisions, contaminated house dust, food

Detailed report by chemical (return to summary)

polybrominated diphenyl ethers (pbdes)

22-26 of 44 found

Fire retardants in furniture foam, computers, and televisions. Accumulate in human tissues. May harm brain development.

  • cumulative level found: 1080 ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk
  • High vs 20 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (99th %ile)
9.51ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk1080


Total Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)

Brominated fire retardants currently used in plastics and fabric. The major use is in electronic devices; the minor use is as a backcoating on industrial fabrics. Are directly toxic to mammals and breakdown to more dangerous forms in the environment.

A fire retardant used in TVs, monitors and electronics. Growing evidence that chemical breaks down in the environment to more persistent and toxic forms.

  • level found: 0.4 ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk
  • High vs 20 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (95th %ile)
0ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk1.23


Brominated fire retardants used in polyurethan foam and plastics. These PBDEs are neurotoxic and persist in people and the environment. They were withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

  • level found: 0.06 ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk
  • High vs 20 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (99th %ile)
0ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk0.06


  • level found: 17.7 ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk
  • High vs 20 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (99th %ile)
0.19ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk17.7


  • level found: 0.04 ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk
  • High vs 20 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (99th %ile)
0ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk0.04


Brominated flame retardants used in plastics. Break down into more toxic and persistent forms in the environment. Withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

  • level found: 0.46 ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk
  • High vs 20 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (99th %ile)
0.05ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk0.46


Brominated fire retardants used in foam and plastics. Break down into more toxic and persistent forms in the environment. Withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

  • level found: 1.76 ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk
  • High vs 20 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (99th %ile)
0ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk1.76


  • level found: 1.93 ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk
  • High vs 20 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (99th %ile)
0.01ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk1.93


  • level found: 122 ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk
  • High vs 20 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (99th %ile)
1.07ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk122


  • level found: 9.8 ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk
  • High vs 20 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (95th %ile)
0.04ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk11.7


  • level found: 2.5 ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk
  • High vs 20 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (99th %ile)
0ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk2.5


Brominated fire retardants currently used in plastics and fabric. The major use is in electronic devices; the minor use is as a backcoating on industrial fabrics. Are directly toxic to mammals and breakdown to more dangerous forms in the environment.

  • level found: 0.02 ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk
  • High vs 20 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (95th %ile)
0ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk0.04


Brominated fire retardants used in polyurethan foam and plastics. These PBDEs are neurotoxic and persist in people and the environment. They were withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

  • level found: 171 ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk
  • High vs 20 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (99th %ile)
0.57ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk171


  • level found: 0.22 ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk
  • High vs 20 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (99th %ile)
0ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk0.22


  • level found: 17.1 ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk
  • High vs 20 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (99th %ile)
0.05ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk17.1


In PBDE chemical family - fire retardant in furniture foam, computers, televisions; may harm brain development and hormone systems.

  • level found: 91.1 ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk
  • High vs 20 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (95th %ile)
0.76ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk200


Brominated fire retardants used in polyurethan foam and plastics. These PBDEs are neurotoxic and persist in people and the environment. They were withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

In PBDE chemical family - fire retardant in furniture foam, computers, televisions; may harm brain development and hormone systems.

  • level found: 589 ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk
  • High vs 20 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (99th %ile)
5.53ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk589


  • level found: 2.2 ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk
  • High vs 20 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (95th %ile)
0.04ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk3.69


  • level found: 6.05 ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk
  • High vs 20 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (95th %ile)
0.06ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk8.37


  • level found: 0.36 ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk
  • High vs 20 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (95th %ile)
0.01ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk0.43


Brominated fire retardants used in polyurethan foam and plastics. These PBDEs are neurotoxic and persist in people and the environment. They were withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.

  • level found: 0.46 ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk
  • High vs 20 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (95th %ile)
0.02ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk0.47


  • level found: 0.05 ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk
  • High vs 20 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (95th %ile)
0ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk0.06


  • level found: 43.8 ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk
  • High vs 20 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (99th %ile)
0.35ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk43.8


  • level found: 0.4 ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk
  • High vs 20 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (99th %ile)
0ppb (lipid weight) in breast milk0.4


Chemicals not found in Darcy White

18 chemicals

PBDE-207, PBDE-2, PBDE-1, PBDE-13, PBDE-12, PBDE-35, PBDE-77, PBDE-10, PBDE-32, PBDE-30, PBDE-71, PBDE-116, PBDE-119, PBDE-105, PBDE-190, PBDE-181, PBDE-208, PBDE-3

References/Notes

[1] CDC (2005). National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals, Centers for Disease Control. http://www.cdc.gov/exposurereport/. (Methylmercury results have been compared to total mercury in CDC biomonitoring.)

[2] The chemicals co-eluted in the laboratory analysis.

See results for this participant's group