GROUP:

Commonweal Employees


health & safety concerns:
chemicals found
on average indivi-
dual range
entire group
Immune system (including sensitization and allergies) 55 45-64 68
Brain and nervous system 42 30-52 58
Birth defects and developmental delays 15 13-16 16
Reproduction and fertility 4 2-5 7
Endocrine system 2 1-2 2
Respiratory system 1 1-1 1
Chronic effects, general 1 1-1 1
Gastrointestinal (including liver) 1 1-1 1

Group members:

(5 People)

Davis Baltz
Michael Lerner
Sharyle Patton
Lexi Rome
Charlotte Brody


Locations:

Berkeley, CA
Bolinas, CA
Mill Valley, CA
Round Hill, VA



picture of group

Group: Commonweal Employees
Found 134-150 of 214 tested chemicals (5 participants)

The blood and urine of the "Commonweal Employees" group contained 134-150 of 214 industrial compounds, pollutants and other chemicals tested, including chemicals linked to immune system toxicity, brain and nervous system toxicity, and birth defects and developmental delays.

Summary of chemicals found in Commonweal Employees

chemical family level found in group health effects exposure routes
Alkylphenols60% found, not quantifiedEndocrine system Cosmetics, detergents, pesticides, paints, carpet and dry cleaning
Arsenic (inorganic only)20% high
Pressure-treated (outdoor) wood, contaminated drinking water
Cadmium20% high
Contaminated food and drinking water, cigarette smoke, contaminated factory air
Chlorinated dioxins & furans20% high
80% moderate
Immune system (including sensitization and allergies), Birth defects and developmental delays Dietary sources, fatty meat, dairy and fish
Lead40% high
60% moderate
Lead-based paint in older homes, household dust, vinyl products, tap water
Methylmercury60% high
40% moderate
Dietary sources, particularly seafood
Organochlorine Pesticides (OCs)50% low
Reproduction and fertility Contaminated food and drinking water
Organophosphate Pesticide metabolites (OPs)20% high
40% moderate
40% low
Brain and nervous system Contaminated food and drinking water
Phthalates100% found, not quantifiedEndocrine system, Birth defects and developmental delays Cosmetics, paint, soft plastic, food packaging, and other consumer products
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)20% high
80% moderate
Brain and nervous system, Immune system (including sensitization and allergies) Dietary sources, fatty meat, dairy and fish
Volatile and semivolatile organic compounds (VOCs and SVOCs)100% found, not quantified Contaminated indoor and outdoor air

Detailed report by chemical (return to summary)

alkylphenols

1 of 1 found

Surfactants in cosmetics, paints, detergents. Toxic to wildlife. May harm hormone system.

found in 3 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


Total Alkylphenols

Widely used surfactants in commercial products; highly toxic to aquatic organisms, and endocrine disruptors in human and animals.

found in 3 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


chlorinated dioxins & furans

15 of 17 found

Pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, and incineration. Cause cancer and may harm hormone system.

5pg/g lipids in blood serum1860


Total Chlorinated dioxins & furans

Chlorinated dioxins are unwanted byproducts of the manufacture and burning of products that contain chlorine. Dioxins cause cancer in humans, and they are generally considered to be among the most toxic environmental contaminants known to man. As a class, dioxins are extremely toxic, persistent, bioaccumulative, and lipophilic ("fat-loving"). This means that dioxins build up and are stored in fatty tissues and fluids, such as breast milk, and can be passed on to fetuses and infants during pregnancy and lactation. Most people are exposed to dioxin through the food they eat, primarily from meat, dairy, fish and eggs.

In humans, dioxins are associated with cancer, skin lesions, damage to the nervous system and immune system, altered carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, thyroid disruption, altered menstrual cycling, and cardiovascular effects.

In laboratory animals, dioxins are known to cause a variety of effects including cancer and impaired reproductive, endocrine, cardiovascular, immune, respiratory, neurological and metabolic function. In addition, dioxins cause skin disease and birth defects.

In dioxin family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

5pg/g lipids in blood serum125


Chlorinated furans, also called chlorinated dibenzofurans or CDFs, are toxic, persistent, bioaccumulative, and lipophilic ("fat-loving""). This means that CDFs build up and are stored in fatty tissues and fluid, such as breast milk, and can be passed on to fetuses and infants during pregnancy and lactation.

In humans, CDFs are associated with premature birth and abnormal development, liver toxicity, skin disease, eye inflammation, and damage to the nervous, immune, endocrine, and reproductive systems (ATSDR 1994b).

In laboratory animals, CDFs are known to cause a variety of effects including damage to the reproductive, endocrine, immune, and nervous systems. In addition, CDFs harm the kidneys and gastrointestinal tract, and cause birth defects (ATSDR 1994b).

In chlorinated furan family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

0.379pg/g lipids in blood serum61.4


In chlorinated furan family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

0.25pg/g lipids in blood serum20


Chlorinated dioxins are unwanted byproducts of the manufacture and burning of products that contain chlorine. Dioxins cause cancer in humans, and they are generally considered to be among the most toxic environmental contaminants known to man. As a class, dioxins are extremely toxic, persistent, bioaccumulative, and lipophilic ("fat-loving"). This means that dioxins build up and are stored in fatty tissues and fluids, such as breast milk, and can be passed on to fetuses and infants during pregnancy and lactation. Most people are exposed to dioxin through the food they eat, primarily from meat, dairy, fish and eggs.

In humans, dioxins are associated with cancer, skin lesions, damage to the nervous system and immune system, altered carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, thyroid disruption, altered menstrual cycling, and cardiovascular effects.

In laboratory animals, dioxins are known to cause a variety of effects including cancer and impaired reproductive, endocrine, cardiovascular, immune, respiratory, neurological and metabolic function. In addition, dioxins cause skin disease and birth defects.

In dioxin family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

3.36pg/g lipids in blood serum11.4


In dioxin family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

3.79pg/g lipids in blood serum63.7


In dioxin family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

2.36pg/g lipids in blood serum24.3


Chlorinated furans, also called chlorinated dibenzofurans or CDFs, are toxic, persistent, bioaccumulative, and lipophilic ("fat-loving""). This means that CDFs build up and are stored in fatty tissues and fluid, such as breast milk, and can be passed on to fetuses and infants during pregnancy and lactation.

In humans, CDFs are associated with premature birth and abnormal development, liver toxicity, skin disease, eye inflammation, and damage to the nervous, immune, endocrine, and reproductive systems (ATSDR 1994b).

In laboratory animals, CDFs are known to cause a variety of effects including damage to the reproductive, endocrine, immune, and nervous systems. In addition, CDFs harm the kidneys and gastrointestinal tract, and cause birth defects (ATSDR 1994b).

In chlorinated furan family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

2.66pg/g lipids in blood serum24.3


In chlorinated furan family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

2.34pg/g lipids in blood serum22.9


In chlorinated furan family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

  • geometric mean: 0.559 pg/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 1.84 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 3 of 5 people in the group (vs. 3 of 4,821 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Lexi Rome, Michael Lerner, Davis Baltz
0.35pg/g lipids in blood serum20


In chlorinated furan family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

0.379pg/g lipids in blood serum13.6


Chlorinated dioxins are unwanted byproducts of the manufacture and burning of products that contain chlorine. Dioxins cause cancer in humans, and they are generally considered to be among the most toxic environmental contaminants known to man. As a class, dioxins are extremely toxic, persistent, bioaccumulative, and lipophilic ("fat-loving"). This means that dioxins build up and are stored in fatty tissues and fluids, such as breast milk, and can be passed on to fetuses and infants during pregnancy and lactation. Most people are exposed to dioxin through the food they eat, primarily from meat, dairy, fish and eggs.

In humans, dioxins are associated with cancer, skin lesions, damage to the nervous system and immune system, altered carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, thyroid disruption, altered menstrual cycling, and cardiovascular effects.

In laboratory animals, dioxins are known to cause a variety of effects including cancer and impaired reproductive, endocrine, cardiovascular, immune, respiratory, neurological and metabolic function. In addition, dioxins cause skin disease and birth defects.

In dioxin family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

15.9pg/g lipids in blood serum1590


Chlorinated furans, also called chlorinated dibenzofurans or CDFs, are toxic, persistent, bioaccumulative, and lipophilic ("fat-loving""). This means that CDFs build up and are stored in fatty tissues and fluid, such as breast milk, and can be passed on to fetuses and infants during pregnancy and lactation.

In humans, CDFs are associated with premature birth and abnormal development, liver toxicity, skin disease, eye inflammation, and damage to the nervous, immune, endocrine, and reproductive systems (ATSDR 1994b).

In laboratory animals, CDFs are known to cause a variety of effects including damage to the reproductive, endocrine, immune, and nervous systems. In addition, CDFs harm the kidneys and gastrointestinal tract, and cause birth defects (ATSDR 1994b).

In chlorinated furan family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

1.26pg/g lipids in blood serum97.1


Chlorinated dioxins are unwanted byproducts of the manufacture and burning of products that contain chlorine. Dioxins cause cancer in humans, and they are generally considered to be among the most toxic environmental contaminants known to man. As a class, dioxins are extremely toxic, persistent, bioaccumulative, and lipophilic ("fat-loving"). This means that dioxins build up and are stored in fatty tissues and fluids, such as breast milk, and can be passed on to fetuses and infants during pregnancy and lactation. Most people are exposed to dioxin through the food they eat, primarily from meat, dairy, fish and eggs.

In humans, dioxins are associated with cancer, skin lesions, damage to the nervous system and immune system, altered carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, thyroid disruption, altered menstrual cycling, and cardiovascular effects.

In laboratory animals, dioxins are known to cause a variety of effects including cancer and impaired reproductive, endocrine, cardiovascular, immune, respiratory, neurological and metabolic function. In addition, dioxins cause skin disease and birth defects.

In dioxin family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

3.15pg/g lipids in blood serum14.5


Chlorinated furans, also called chlorinated dibenzofurans or CDFs, are toxic, persistent, bioaccumulative, and lipophilic ("fat-loving""). This means that CDFs build up and are stored in fatty tissues and fluid, such as breast milk, and can be passed on to fetuses and infants during pregnancy and lactation.

In humans, CDFs are associated with premature birth and abnormal development, liver toxicity, skin disease, eye inflammation, and damage to the nervous, immune, endocrine, and reproductive systems (ATSDR 1994b).

In laboratory animals, CDFs are known to cause a variety of effects including damage to the reproductive, endocrine, immune, and nervous systems. In addition, CDFs harm the kidneys and gastrointestinal tract, and cause birth defects (ATSDR 1994b).

In chlorinated furan family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

2.26pg/g lipids in blood serum11.7


Chlorinated dioxins are unwanted byproducts of the manufacture and burning of products that contain chlorine. Dioxins cause cancer in humans, and they are generally considered to be among the most toxic environmental contaminants known to man. As a class, dioxins are extremely toxic, persistent, bioaccumulative, and lipophilic ("fat-loving"). This means that dioxins build up and are stored in fatty tissues and fluids, such as breast milk, and can be passed on to fetuses and infants during pregnancy and lactation. Most people are exposed to dioxin through the food they eat, primarily from meat, dairy, fish and eggs.

In humans, dioxins are associated with cancer, skin lesions, damage to the nervous system and immune system, altered carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, thyroid disruption, altered menstrual cycling, and cardiovascular effects.

In laboratory animals, dioxins are known to cause a variety of effects including cancer and impaired reproductive, endocrine, cardiovascular, immune, respiratory, neurological and metabolic function. In addition, dioxins cause skin disease and birth defects.

In dioxin family of chemicals - pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, incineration; cause cancer, may harm hormone system.

2.28pg/g lipids in blood serum7.12


metals

4 of 5 found

Known human carcinogen in pressure-treated wood and food. Common tap water pollutant.

  • geometric mean: 1.84 ppb in urine (vs. 1.4 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 1 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Michael Lerner
21ppb in urine21


In batteries, pigments, coatings, plastic and cigarette smoke. Cadmium causes cancer and is linked to birth defects and kidney damage.

  • geometric mean: 0.287 ppb in urine (vs. 0.339 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 3 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Lexi Rome
0.5ppb in urine0.7


Neurotoxic heavy metal linked to IQ deficits and behavioral problems. Found in dust from chipping lead paint in older homes, and in some tap water.

0.222ug/dL in whole blood4.7


Forms from mercury, a pollutant from coal-fired power plants and other sources. Methylmercury accumulates in seafood and harms brain development and function.

0.0735ug/L in whole blood25.9


organochlorine pesticides (ocs)

7 of 23 found

Includes DDT, chlordane, other pesticides. Largely banned in the U.S. Build up in the human body over time. Cause cancer and reproductive harm.

0.615ng/g lipids in blood serum2830


Total Organochlorine Pesticides (OCs)

Organochlorine chemical, a class largely banned in the U.S. that builds up in the body over time, linked to cancer and reproductive harm.

0.0948ng/g lipids in blood serum2560


Organochlorine chemical, a class largely banned in the U.S. that builds up in the body over time, linked to cancer and reproductive harm.

  • geometric mean: 0.0687 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 6.55 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 3 of 5 people in the group (vs. 1,182 of 4,821 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Davis Baltz, Lexi Rome, Sharyle Patton
0.0804ng/g lipids in blood serum75.3


Organochlorine chemical, a class largely banned in the U.S. that builds up in the body over time, linked to cancer and reproductive harm.

0.0353ng/g lipids in blood serum37.1


Organochlorine chemical, a class largely banned in the U.S. that builds up in the body over time, linked to cancer and reproductive harm.

  • geometric mean: 0.0287 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.104 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 17 of 27 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Sharyle Patton
0.05ng/g lipids in blood serum0.995


Organochlorine chemical, a class largely banned in the U.S. that builds up in the body over time, linked to cancer and reproductive harm.

  • geometric mean: 0.0517 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 11.7 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 155 of 4,821 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Michael Lerner
0.0899ng/g lipids in blood serum24.4


Organochlorine chemical, a class largely banned in the U.S. that builds up in the body over time, linked to cancer and reproductive harm.

0.403ng/g lipids in blood serum2.73


Organochlorine chemical, a class largely banned in the U.S. that builds up in the body over time, linked to cancer and reproductive harm.

  • geometric mean: 0.107 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 4.16 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 700 of 4,821 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Lexi Rome
0.0591ng/g lipids in blood serum11.3


organophosphate pesticide metabolites (ops)

7 of 9 found

Breakdown products from pesticides, including Dursban, formerly used in homes and currently used on produce. Can damage brain development.

4ppb in urine70.4


Total Organophosphate Pesticide metabolites (OPs)

Organophosphate pesticides were previously marketed for home use and are now used on produce. Known neurotoxins that are particularly toxic to developing fetuses, infants and children

  • geometric mean: 3.51 ppb in urine (vs. 3.47 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 3 of 5 people in the group (vs. 6 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Charlotte Brody, Lexi Rome, Davis Baltz
2.4ppb in urine24.1


Organophosphate pesticides were previously marketed for home use and are now used on produce. Known neurotoxins that are particularly toxic to developing fetuses, infants and children.

  • geometric mean: 2.11 ppb in urine (vs. 2.47 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 5 people in the group (vs. 4 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Charlotte Brody, Davis Baltz
6ppb in urine9


Organophosphate pesticides were previously marketed for home use and are now used on produce. Known neurotoxins that are particularly toxic to developing fetuses, infants and children.

  • geometric mean: 1.38 ppb in urine (vs. 1.2 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 1 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Davis Baltz
5ppb in urine5


Organophosphate pesticides were previously marketed for home use and are now used on produce. Known neurotoxins that are particularly toxic to developing fetuses, infants and children.

  • geometric mean: 4.17 ppb in urine (vs. 5.87 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 3 of 5 people in the group (vs. 6 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Davis Baltz, Sharyle Patton, Charlotte Brody
9ppb in urine28


Organophosphate pesticides were previously marketed for home use and are now used on produce. Known neurotoxins that are particularly toxic to developing fetuses, infants and children.

  • geometric mean: 3.39 ppb in urine (vs. 5.97 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 3 of 5 people in the group (vs. 7 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Charlotte Brody, Sharyle Patton, Davis Baltz
5ppb in urine21


Organophosphate pesticides were previously marketed for home use and are now used on produce. Known neurotoxins that are particularly toxic to developing fetuses, infants and children.

  • geometric mean: 1.43 ppb in urine (vs. 2.03 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 5 people in the group (vs. 5 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Michael Lerner, Davis Baltz
2ppb in urine8


Organophosphate pesticides were previously marketed for home use and are now used on produce. Known neurotoxins that are particularly toxic to developing fetuses, infants and children.

  • geometric mean: 1.15 ppb in urine (vs. 1.26 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 2 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Michael Lerner
2ppb in urine4


phthalates

5 of 6 found

In cosmetics, paint, and plastics. Linked to sperm damage and birth defects of male reproductive system.

found in 5 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


Total Phthalates

Used in soft plastics like PVC. Associated with male reproductive system toxicity in people and animals.

97.2ug/g lipids in blood serum905


Used in nail polish, cosmetics, and other consumer products; linked to birth defects and male reproductive issues.

found in 5 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


Used in plastics, adhesives, rubber. Animal studies indicate toxicity to thyroid and liver.

  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 2 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Davis Baltz

found in 1 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


Used in consumer products, particularly those containing fragrances. Linked to male reproductive problems in people; animal studies indicate multiple toxicities.

found in 4 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


Used in insect repellant, plastic, rocket propellant. DMP is linked to liver toxicity, and its breakdown product is linked to male reproductive system problems in people.

found in 3 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


polychlorinated biphenyls (pcbs)

36-52 of 77 found

Banned industrial insulators and lubricants. Cause cancer and nervous system problems.

2.95ng/g lipids in blood serum600


Total Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)

In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.00655ng/g lipids in blood serum19.4


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.00685ng/g lipids in blood serum5.08


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.0371ng/g lipids in blood serum34.3


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.00898ng/g lipids in blood serum3.67


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

  • geometric mean: 1.66 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.0101 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 3 of 5 people in the group (vs. 23 of 35 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Davis Baltz, Michael Lerner, Sharyle Patton
0.0017ng/g lipids in blood serum3.08


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.0201ng/g lipids in blood serum6.74


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

  • geometric mean: 1.98 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.0157 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 3 of 5 people in the group (vs. 25 of 35 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Michael Lerner, Davis Baltz, Sharyle Patton
0.00288ng/g lipids in blood serum3.65


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.211ng/g lipids in blood serum112


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.0556ng/g lipids in blood serum8.68


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.0607ng/g lipids in blood serum36.4


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.0136ng/g lipids in blood serum5.15


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

  • geometric mean: 1.55 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.0313 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 24 of 35 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Michael Lerner
0.0131ng/g lipids in blood serum8.96


  • geometric mean: 1.31 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 3.29 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 17 of 4,821 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Sharyle Patton
0.000758ng/g lipids in blood serum3.83


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.0184ng/g lipids in blood serum3.95


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.297ng/g lipids in blood serum72.6


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

  • geometric mean: 1.36 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.0019 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 3 of 5 people in the group (vs. 11 of 35 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Michael Lerner, Davis Baltz, Sharyle Patton
0.000755ng/g lipids in blood serum1.81


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.0243ng/g lipids in blood serum14


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

  • geometric mean: 3.57 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 3.2 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 3 of 5 people in the group (vs. 7 of 2,547 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Michael Lerner, Sharyle Patton, Davis Baltz
0.000787ng/g lipids in blood serum9.63


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

  • geometric mean: 2.3 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 3.2 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 3 of 5 people in the group (vs. 10 of 2,547 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Michael Lerner, Sharyle Patton, Davis Baltz
0.00393ng/g lipids in blood serum4.56


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.379ng/g lipids in blood serum96.5


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.0236ng/g lipids in blood serum14.6


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.0236ng/g lipids in blood serum14.3


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

  • geometric mean: 1.4 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 2.18 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 3 of 5 people in the group (vs. 29 of 35 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Michael Lerner, Davis Baltz, Sharyle Patton
0.379ng/g lipids in blood serum96.5


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.0102ng/g lipids in blood serum29


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

  • geometric mean: 0.826 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.0493 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 3 of 5 people in the group (vs. 26 of 35 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Lexi Rome, Sharyle Patton, Michael Lerner
0.00152ng/g lipids in blood serum13.7


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.0379ng/g lipids in blood serum34


0.034ng/g lipids in blood serum12.3


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

  • geometric mean: 2.61 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.453 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 5 people in the group (vs. 29 of 35 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Lexi Rome, Michael Lerner
0.0422ng/g lipids in blood serum40


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.00604ng/g lipids in blood serum17.4


0.0104ng/g lipids in blood serum13.1


  • geometric mean: 1.64 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 3.66 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 2 of 5 people in the group (vs. 550 of 4,821 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Lexi Rome, Sharyle Patton
0.00874ng/g lipids in blood serum4.98


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.0051ng/g lipids in blood serum3.39


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.212ng/g lipids in blood serum30.8


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

  • geometric mean: 1.54 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 3.18 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 3 of 5 people in the group (vs. 8 of 2,547 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Michael Lerner, Sharyle Patton, Davis Baltz
0.000336ng/g lipids in blood serum2.23


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

  • geometric mean: 3.32 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.0228 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 3 of 5 people in the group (vs. 24 of 35 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Michael Lerner, Sharyle Patton, Davis Baltz
0.000971ng/g lipids in blood serum8.85


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.0828ng/g lipids in blood serum14.9


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

  • geometric mean: 1.68 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.0288 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 3 of 5 people in the group (vs. 26 of 35 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Michael Lerner, Sharyle Patton, Davis Baltz
0.0017ng/g lipids in blood serum3.18


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.0017ng/g lipids in blood serum1.86


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

  • geometric mean: 1.31 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.00274 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 5 people in the group (vs. 15 of 35 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Sharyle Patton, Davis Baltz
0.00118ng/g lipids in blood serum2.14


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.00547ng/g lipids in blood serum4.47


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

  • geometric mean: 1.19 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.011 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 2 of 5 people in the group (vs. 22 of 35 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Davis Baltz, Sharyle Patton
0.00168ng/g lipids in blood serum1.65


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

  • geometric mean: 1.26 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.00716 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 3 of 5 people in the group (vs. 20 of 35 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Sharyle Patton, Michael Lerner, Davis Baltz
0.00243ng/g lipids in blood serum1.68


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.0047ng/g lipids in blood serum3.46


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

  • geometric mean: 1.93 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 0.455 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 3 of 5 people in the group (vs. 28 of 35 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Michael Lerner, Davis Baltz, Sharyle Patton
0.0941ng/g lipids in blood serum23.4


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.0941ng/g lipids in blood serum25.4


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

1.5ng/g lipids in blood serum2.83


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.00631ng/g lipids in blood serum3.88


In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.

0.025ng/g lipids in blood serum5.81


volatile and semivolatile organic compounds (vocs and svocs)

59 of 76 found

Used in wide range of household, craft, and industrial products. Common tap water and air pollutants. Includes neurotoxins and carcinogens.

found in 5 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


Total Volatile and semivolatile organic compounds (VOCs and SVOCs)

found in 3 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


found in 5 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 1 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Davis Baltz

found in 1 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


found in 4 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


found in 4 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 2 of 5 people in the group (vs. 3 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Sharyle Patton, Charlotte Brody

found in 2 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 2 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Davis Baltz

found in 1 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


found in 5 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 1 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Davis Baltz

found in 1 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


found in 3 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 1 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Michael Lerner

found in 1 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 2 of 5 people in the group (vs. 3 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Davis Baltz, Michael Lerner

found in 2 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 1 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Michael Lerner

found in 1 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


found in 4 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


found in 3 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


found in 5 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 2 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Sharyle Patton

found in 1 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


found in 4 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


found in 4 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


found in 3 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 1 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Charlotte Brody

found in 1 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 2 of 5 people in the group (vs. 3 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Lexi Rome, Charlotte Brody

found in 2 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 1 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Charlotte Brody

found in 1 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


People are exposed to chemicals from air or from contaminated tap water. In humans cause respiratory irritation, cancer, kidney and liver damage, and birth defects.

  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 3 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Charlotte Brody

found in 1 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


People are exposed to these chemicals from air or from contaminated tap water. Common effects in humans are respiratory irritation, cancer, kidney and liver damage, and birth defects.

  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 1 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Sharyle Patton

found in 1 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 2 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Sharyle Patton

found in 1 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 2 of 5 people in the group (vs. 2 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Sharyle Patton, Lexi Rome

found in 2 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 1 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Lexi Rome

found in 1 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 1 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Lexi Rome

found in 1 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 2 of 5 people in the group (vs. 3 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Davis Baltz, Lexi Rome

found in 2 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


found in 5 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


found in 5 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


found in 5 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 2 of 5 people in the group (vs. 5 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Davis Baltz, Sharyle Patton

found in 2 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 1 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Sharyle Patton

found in 1 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


found in 5 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


found in 4 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 1 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Charlotte Brody

found in 1 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 2 of 5 people in the group (vs. 3 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Davis Baltz, Michael Lerner

found in 2 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


Cyclohexane causes neurological, respiratory, gastrointestinal tract, liver, kidney, developmental, and cardiovascular toxicity in animals. Irritate the eyes and skin in humans.

found in 5 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


Industrial solvent, starting material; animal studies link to eye, skin irritation; high doses may result in dizziness, difficulty breathing.

  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 2 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Charlotte Brody

found in 1 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


found in 5 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


found in 5 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


found in 5 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


Used in epoxy; skin and eye irritant in laboratory animals.

  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 1 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Lexi Rome

found in 1 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


found in 5 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


found in 5 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


found in 3 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


Industrial solvent; in humans, damages nervous system; in animals, fetal and adult exposure causes significant neurotoxicity.

found in 5 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


found in 5 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 1 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Sharyle Patton

found in 1 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 1 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Michael Lerner

found in 1 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 1 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Michael Lerner

found in 1 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 1 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Lexi Rome

found in 1 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 2 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Sharyle Patton

found in 1 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


found in 4 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


Pesticide, antibacterial agent; causes skin irritation, lesions, eye irritation, allergy; in animals, linked also to respiratory irritation, neurotoxicity.

  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 1 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Lexi Rome

found in 1 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


Breakdown product of di(2-ethylhexyl)adipate (DEHA), a plasticizer in consumer products; animal studies link DEHA to infertility, multiple organ toxicities.

  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 2 of 5 people in the group (vs. 2 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Davis Baltz, Lexi Rome

found in 2 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 1 of 5 people in the group (vs. 1 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Sharyle Patton

found in 1 of 5 members of the group, but not quantified

 


References/Notes

[1] CDC (2005). National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals, Centers for Disease Control. http://www.cdc.gov/exposurereport/. (Methylmercury results have been compared to total mercury in CDC biomonitoring.)

[2] The chemicals co-eluted in the laboratory analysis.