GROUP:

Males


health & safety concerns:
chemicals found
on average indivi-
dual range
entire group
Brain and nervous system 18 1-48 95
Reproduction and fertility 14 1-28 42
Immune system (including sensitization and allergies) 13 1-61 76
Birth defects and developmental delays 4 2-16 19
Respiratory system 3 1-4 5
Endocrine system 3 1-6 10
Chronic effects, general 3 1-6 8
Cancer 2 2-3 3

Group members:

(27 People)

Anonymous Adult 5
Anonymous Adult 6
Anonymous Adult 7
Anonymous Teen 1
Anonymous Adult 12
Anonymous Adult 11
Anonymous Adult 14
Anonymous Adult 15
Nicholas
Anonymous Adult 17
Anonymous Adult 18
Bill Moyers
Davis Baltz
Michael Lerner
Michael Goodstein
Participant #10
Fred Gellert
Jesse Johnson
Landon Gellert
Teo
Nicolas
Conner Adams
Elijah Scheinz
Tavin
Anonymous Child #42
Zade Little
Evan


Locations:

Fredericksburg, VA
New York, NY
Lamont, FL
Atlanta, GA
Mountain View, CA
Palo Alto, CA
Berkeley, CA
NY, USA
San Francisco, CA
Alamo, CA
NJ, USA
Bolinas, CA
Bethesda, MD
CA, USA
Belvedere, CA
Riverside, CA
Portland, OR
Missoula, MT
Helena, MT
Lake Forest Park, WA
Washington, DC
Clinton, CT



picture of group

Group: Males
Found 178-198 of 300 tested chemicals (27 participants)

The blood and urine of the "Males" group contained 178-198 of 300 industrial compounds, pollutants and other chemicals tested, including chemicals linked to brain and nervous system toxicity, reproductive toxicity and fertility problems, and immune system toxicity.

Summary of chemicals found in Males

chemical family level found in group health effects exposure routes
Alkylphenols8% high
Endocrine system Cosmetics, detergents, pesticides, paints, carpet and dry cleaning
Arsenic (inorganic only)33% high
Pressure-treated (outdoor) wood, contaminated drinking water
BADGE-4OH29% high
50% moderate
Endocrine system Food can linings, dental sealants
Bisphenol A7% high
Polycarbonate plastics, food can linings, dental sealants
Chlorinated dioxins & furans33% high
67% moderate
Immune system (including sensitization and allergies), Birth defects and developmental delays Dietary sources, fatty meat, dairy and fish
Lead29% high
59% moderate
12% low
Lead-based paint in older homes, household dust, vinyl products, tap water
Mercury80% high
20% low
Brain and nervous system Seafood, flu shots/vaccines, dental fillings
Methylmercury78% high
6% moderate
17% low
Dietary sources, particularly seafood
Nitro- and polycylic- musks10% high
70% moderate
Cancer, Endocrine system Cosmetics, perfumes, cleaning agents, detergents, soaps
Organochlorine Pesticides (OCs)50% low
Reproduction and fertility Contaminated food and drinking water
Organophosphate Pesticide metabolites (OPs)33% high
33% moderate
33% low
Brain and nervous system Contaminated food and drinking water
Perchlorate40% moderate
40% low
Hematologic (blood) system, Birth defects and developmental delays Contaminated food and drinking water
Perfluorochemicals (PFCs)31% high
56% moderate
13% low
Cancer, Birth defects and developmental delays, Endocrine system Stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging, couches, carpets, pans
Phthalates6% high
61% moderate
17% low
Endocrine system, Birth defects and developmental delays Cosmetics, paint, soft plastic, food packaging, and other consumer products
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)5% high
73% moderate
23% low
Reproduction and fertility, Brain and nervous system Foam furniture, carpet padding, computers, televisions, contaminated house dust, food
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)33% high
67% moderate
Brain and nervous system, Immune system (including sensitization and allergies) Dietary sources, fatty meat, dairy and fish
Triclosan73% found, not quantifiedEndocrine system, Skin Antibacterial soap, toothpaste, cosmetics, cleaning products, shoe insoles, plastic cutting boards, other antibacterial items
Volatile and semivolatile organic compounds (VOCs and SVOCs)100% found, not quantified Contaminated indoor and outdoor air

Test results by chemical family (see each chemical)

alkylphenols

2 of 2 found — see each chemical

Surfactants in cosmetics, paints, detergents. Toxic to wildlife. May harm hormone system.

Alkylphenols were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 2 of the 13 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

  • geometric mean: results not quantified
  • found in 1 of 3 people in the group (vs. 3 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Michael Lerner

found in 1 of 3 members of the group, but not quantified

 


Total Alkylphenols

  • geometric mean: 1.13 ng/g in blood serum (vs. 1.08 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 10 people in the group (vs. 2 of 19 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Anonymous Adult 18
1.4ng/g in blood serum3.3


Total Alkylphenols

bisphenol a & badge

2 of 2 found

Metabolite of BADGE, used to make metal food can linings. Linked to hormone activity, skin and immune system toxicity and cancer.

3.02ng/mL in blood serum174


Detected in polycarbonate plastic, dental sealants, and resins that line metal cans. Linked to hormone disruption, birth defects, cancer with effects at very low doses.

  • geometric mean: 1.04 ng/mL in blood serum (vs. 0.456 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 14 people in the group (vs. 16 of 51 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Jesse Johnson
0.445ng/mL in blood serum8.61


chlorinated dioxins & furans

15 of 17 found — see each chemical

Pollutants from PVC production, industrial bleaching, and incineration. Cause cancer and may harm hormone system.

  • geometric mean: 559 pg/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 14 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 3 of 3 people in the group (vs. 2,725 of 4,821 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Michael Lerner, Davis Baltz, Bill Moyers
5pg/g lipids in blood serum1860


Total Chlorinated dioxins & furans

metals

4 of 6 found

Known human carcinogen in pressure-treated wood and food. Common tap water pollutant.

  • geometric mean: 2.76 ppb in urine (vs. 1.4 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 3 people in the group (vs. 1 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Michael Lerner
21ppb in urine21


Neurotoxic heavy metal linked to IQ deficits and behavioral problems. Found in dust from chipping lead paint in older homes, and in some tap water.

0.222ug/dL in whole blood4.7


Mercury is used in dental fillings and to preserve vaccines; it is also a common pollutant in seafood. Mercury harms brain development and function.

7.0E-5ug/L in whole blood12


Forms from mercury, a pollutant from coal-fired power plants and other sources. Methylmercury accumulates in seafood and harms brain development and function.

0.0735ug/L in whole blood25.9


nitro- and polycylic- musks

5 of 9 found — see each chemical

Fragrance ingredients. Build up in human tissues. May harm hormone system.

0.0547ng/g in blood serum4.23


Total Nitro- and polycylic- musks

organochlorine pesticides (ocs)

5 of 23 found — see each chemical

Includes DDT, chlordane, other pesticides. Largely banned in the U.S. Build up in the human body over time. Cause cancer and reproductive harm.

  • geometric mean: 1.29 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 186 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 3 of 3 people in the group (vs. 4,276 of 4,821 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Michael Lerner, Davis Baltz, Bill Moyers
0.615ng/g lipids in blood serum2830


Total Organochlorine Pesticides (OCs)

organophosphate pesticide metabolites (ops)

7 of 9 found — see each chemical

Breakdown products from pesticides, including Dursban, formerly used in homes and currently used on produce. Can damage brain development.

  • geometric mean: 19.6 ppb in urine (vs. 22.6 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 3 of 3 people in the group (vs. 9 of 9 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Michael Lerner, Bill Moyers, Davis Baltz
4ppb in urine70.4


Total Organophosphate Pesticide metabolites (OPs)

perchlorate

1 of 1 found

Explosive component of solid rocket and missile fuel. Widespread contaminant of food, drinking water, and people. Disrupts thyroid hormones, particularly in women with lower iodide intake; may harm brain development.

0.2ug/L in urine5.6


perfluorochemicals (pfcs)

11 of 14 found — see each chemical

Includes Teflon, Scotchgard, Stainmaster. Linked to cancer and birth defects.

Perfluorochemicals (PFCs) were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 1 of the 1 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

  • geometric mean: 38.4 ng/g in blood serum (vs. 27.3 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in 1 of 1 people in the group (vs. 8 of 8 in all EWG/Commonweal studies)
  • found in: Michael Goodstein
8.51ng/g in blood serum59.7


Total Perfluorochemicals (PFCs)

phthalates

12 of 13 found — see each chemical

In cosmetics, paint, and plastics. Linked to sperm damage and birth defects of male reproductive system.

Phthalates were measured in different units for some of the members of this group. Overall it was found in 18 of the 18 members tested in the group. The bars below are grouped by units:

found in 3 of 3 members of the group, but not quantified

 


Total Phthalates

102ug/g creatinine in urine10800


Total Phthalates

polybrominated diphenyl ethers (pbdes)

31-35 of 50 found — see each chemical

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)

Fire retardants in furniture foam, computers, and televisions. Accumulate in human tissues. May harm brain development.

1.11ng/g lipids in blood serum314


Total Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)

polychlorinated biphenyls (pcbs)

36-52 of 77 found — see each chemical

Banned industrial insulators and lubricants. Cause cancer and nervous system problems.

  • geometric mean: 206 ng/g lipids in blood serum (vs. 9.81 in CDC biomonitoring [1])
  • found in 3 of 3 people in the group (vs. 2,900 of 4,821 in CDC biomonitoring)
  • found in: Davis Baltz, Michael Lerner, Bill Moyers
2.95ng/g lipids in blood serum600


Total Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)

triclosan

1 of 1 found

Antibacterial agent (pesticide) in liquid hand soap, toothpaste, cosmetics, cleaning products, footwear, and plastic products labeled "antibacterial." Triclosan may disrupt thyroid hormones, and can form several chemicals with health and environmental concerns.

found in 8 of 11 members of the group, but not quantified

 


volatile and semivolatile organic compounds (vocs and svocs)

46 of 76 found — see each chemical

Used in wide range of household, craft, and industrial products. Common tap water and air pollutants. Includes neurotoxins and carcinogens.

found in 3 of 3 members of the group, but not quantified

 


Total Volatile and semivolatile organic compounds (VOCs and SVOCs)

References/Notes

[1] CDC (2005). National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals, Centers for Disease Control. http://www.cdc.gov/exposurereport/. (Methylmercury results have been compared to total mercury in CDC biomonitoring.)