REFERENCES

References - open scientific literature

[1] 3M (1999). Report of data for exploratory 28-day oral toxicity study in rats: telomer alcohol, telomer acrylate, [(CBI)], PFHS, PFOS. NOTOX project number 242933. Report prepared for 3M, St. Paul, MN by 3M Environmental Laboratory Fluorine Analytical Chemistry Team (FACT). Study No. FACT-TOX-120.3; NOTOX#24933 U.S. EPA Administrative Records AR226-0951 (metabolites) and AR226-1030a.

[2] Apostolidis, S., T. Chandra, et al. (2002). "Evaluation of carcinogenic potential of two nitro-musk derivatives, musk xylene and musk tibetene in a host-mediated in vivo/in vitro assay system." Anticancer Res 22(5): 2657-62.

[3] ATSDR (1998). Toxicological profile for chlorinated dibenzo-o-dioxins (CDDs): Health effects chapter. http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/tp104.html

[4] ATSDR (2000). Toxicological profile for polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs): Health effects chapter. http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/tfacts17.html

[5] ATSDR, CERHR

[6] Balk F, Ford RA. 1999. Environmental risk assessment for the polycyclic musks AHTN and HHCB in the EU. I. Fate and exposure assessment. Toxicology letters 111(1-2): 57-79. Wollenberger L, Breitholtz M, Ole Kusk K, Bengtsson BE. 2003. Inhibition of larval development of the marine copepod Acartia tonsa by four synthetic musk substances. Sci Total Environ 305(1-3): 53-64. Carlsson G, Norrgren L. 2004. Synthetic musk toxicity to early life stages of zebrafish (Danio rerio). Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 46(1): 102-105.

[7] Barzilai, D. and M. Sheinfeld. 1996. Fatal complications following use of potassium perchlorate thyrotoxicosis: report of two case studies and a review of the literature. Israel J. Med: 453-456.

[8] Bechi, N. (2006). "Estrogen-like response to p-nonylphenol in human first trimester placenta and BeWo choriocarcinoma cells." Toxicol Sci 93(1): 6.

[9] Bhargava H., L. P. (1996). "Triclosan: Applications and safety." Am J. Infect Control 24: 209-218.

[10] Birnbaum, L. S., D. F. Staskal, et al. (2003). Health effects of polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PBDDs) and dibenzofurans (PBDFs). Environ Int 29(6): 855-60.

[11] Bitsch N, Dudas C, Korner W, Failing K, Biselli S, Rimkus G, et al. 2002. Estrogenic activity of musk fragrances detected by the E-screen assay using human mcf-7 cells. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 43(3): 257-264.

[12] Bitsch, N., C. Dudas, et al. (2002). "Estrogenic activity of musk fragrances detected by the E-screen assay using human mcf-7 cells." Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 43(3): 257-64.

[13] Blount, B. C., J. L. Pirkle, et al. (2006). Urinary perchlorate and thyroid hormone levels in adolescent and adult men and women living in the United States. Environmental Health Perspectives doi:10.1289/ehp.9466 (available at http://dx.doi.org/) Online 5 October 2006.

[14] Bornehag C, Sundell J, Weschler CJ. The association between asthma and allergic symptoms in children and phthalates in house dust: a nested case-control study. Environmental Health Perspectives 112: 1393-1397 (2004).

[15] Bornehag C, Sundell J, Weschler CJ. The association between asthma and allergic symptoms in children and phthalates in house dust: a nested case-control study. Environmental Health Perspectives 112: 1393-1397 (2004).

[16] Bornehag, C. G., Sundell J., Weschler, C.J., Sigsgaard, T., Lundgren, B., Hasselgren, M., Hgerhed-Engman, L. (2004). "The Association between Asthma and Allergic Symptoms in Children and Phthalates in House Dust: A Nested Case-Control Study." Environ Health Perspect 112: 5

[17] Breitholtz M, Wollenberger L, Dinan L. 2003. Effects of four synthetic musks on the life cycle of the harpacticoid copepod Nitocra spinipes. Aquat Toxicol 63(2): 103-118. Wollenberger L, Breitholtz M, Ole Kusk K, Bengtsson BE. 2003. Inhibition of larval development of the marine copepod Acartia tonsa by four synthetic musk substances. Sci Total Environ 305(1-3): 53-64.

[18] Chou YJ, Dietrich DR. 1999. Interactions of nitromusk parent compounds and their amino-metabolites with the estrogen receptors of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and the South African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis). Toxicology letters 111(1-2): 27-36. Breitholtz M, Wollenberger L, Dinan L. 2003. Effects of four synthetic musks on the life cycle of the harpacticoid copepod Nitocra spinipes. Aquat Toxicol 63(2): 103-118. Wollenberger L, Breitholtz M, Ole Kusk K, Bengtsson BE. 2003. Inhibition of larval development of the marine copepod Acartia tonsa by four synthetic musk substances. Sci Total Environ 305(1-3): 53-64. Carlsson G, Norrgren L. 2004. Synthetic musk toxicity to early life stages of zebrafish (Danio rerio). Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 46(1): 102-105.

[19] Chou, Y. J. and D. R. Dietrich (1999). "Interactions of nitromusk parent compounds and their amino-metabolites with the estrogen receptors of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and the South African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)." Toxicol Lett 111(1-2): 27-36.

[20] CIR (Cosmetics Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.

[21] Cronin E. 1984. Photosensitivity to musk ambrette. Contact dermatitis 11(2): 88-92. Parker RD, Buehler EV, Newmann EA. 1986. Phototoxicity, photoallergy, and contact sensitization of nitro musk perfume raw materials. Contact dermatitis 14(2): 103-109. Menz J, Muller SA, Connolly SM. 1988. Photopatch testing: a six-year experience. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 18(5 Pt 1): 1044-1047. Thune P, Jansen C, Wennersten G, Rystedt I, Brodthagen H, McFadden N. 1988. The Scandinavian multicenter photopatch study 1980-1985: final report. Photo-dermatology 5(6): 261-269. DeLeo VA, Suarez SM, Maso MJ. 1992. Photoallergic contact dermatitis. Results of photopatch testing in New York, 1985 to 1990. Archives of dermatology 128(11): 1513-1518. FDA (Food and Drug Administration). 1992. Cosmetic Handbook. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition: FDA/Industry Activities Staff Booklet: 1992.

[22] Damgaard, I. N., N. E. Skakkebaek, et al. (2006). Persistent pesticides in human breast milk and cryptorchidism. Environ Health Perspect 114(7): 1133-8.

[23] Diel P., Olff S., Schmidt S., Michna H. (2002). "Effects of the environmental estrogens bisphenol A, o,p'-DDT, p-tert-octylphenol and coumestrol on apoptosis induction, cell proliferation and the expression of estrogen sensitive molecular parameters in the human breast cancer cell line MCF-7." J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 80(1): 10.

[24] Eisenhardt S, Runnebaum B, Bauer K, Gerhard I. 2001. Nitromusk compounds in women with gynecological and endocrine dysfunction. Environ Res 87(3): 123-130.

[25] Eisenhardt, S., B. Runnebaum, et al. (2001). "Nitromusk compounds in women with gynecological and endocrine dysfunction." Environ Res 87(3): 123-30.

[26] EPA (1999). Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) on Elemental Mercury. . Washington, DC, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Center for Environmental Assessment, Office of Research and Development.

[27] EPA (2000). Email message from Charles Auer (US Environmental Protection Agency) to OECD. U.S. EPA Administrative Record AR226-0629.

[28] EPA (2002). Revised draft hazard assessment of perfluorooctanoic acid and its salts, Environmental Protection Agency. U.S. EPA Administrative Record AR226-1136. November 4, 2002.

[29] Field EA, Price CJ, Sleet RB, George JD, Marr MC, Myers CB, et al. 1993. Developmental toxicity evaluation of diethyl and dimethyl phthalate in rats. Teratology 48(1): 33-44.

[30] Foran, C. M., E.R. Bennett, W.H. Benson (2000). "Developmental evaluation of a potential non-steroidal estrogen: triclosan." Marine Environmental Research 50: 153-156.

[31] Gjemdal, N. 1963. Fatal aplastic anemia following use of potassium perchlorate in thyrotoxicosis. Acta med. Sacnd. 174:129-131.

[32] Gomez, E., A. Pillon, et al. (2005). "Estrogenic activity of cosmetic components in reporter cell lines: parabens, UV screens, and musks." J Toxicol Environ Health A 68(4): 239-51.

[33] Haddow, J. E., G. E. Palomake, et al. (1999). Maternal thyroid deficiency during pregnancy and subsequent neuropsychological development of the child. New England Journal of Medicine 341: 549-555.

[34] Hanaoka, T., N. Kawamura, et al. (2002). Urinary bisphenol A and plasma hormone concentrations in male workers exposed to bisphenol A diglycidyl ether and mixed organic solvents. Occup Environ Med 59(9): 625-8.

[35] Hayakawa R, Matsunaga K, Arima Y. 1987. Depigmented contact dermatitis due to incense. Contact dermatitis 16(5): 272-274.

[36] Hombach-Klonisch, S., P. Pocar, et al. (2005). Molecular actions of polyhalogenated arylhydrocarbons (PAHs) in female reproduction. Curr Med Chem 12(5): 599-616.

[37] Kamel, F. and J. A. Hoppin (2004). Association of pesticide exposure with neurologic dysfunction and disease. Environ Health Perspect 112(9): 950-8.

[38] Luckenbach, T. and D. Epel (2005). "Nitromusk and polycyclic musk compounds as long-term inhibitors of cellular xenobiotic defense systems mediated by multidrug transporters." Environ Health Perspect 113(1): 17-24.

[39] Maekawa, A., Y. Matsushima, et al. (1990). "Long-term toxicity/carcinogenicity of musk xylol in B6C3F1 mice." Food Chem Toxicol 28(8): 581-6.

[40] Main KM, Mortensen GK, Kaleva MM, Boisen KA, Damgaard IN, Chellakooty M, et al. 2006. Human breast milk contamination with phthalates and alterations of endogenous reproductive hormones in infants three months of age. Environ Health Perspect 114(2): 270-276.

[41] McDonald, T. A. (2002). A perspective on the potential health risks of PBDEs. Chemosphere 46: 11.

[42] Parker RD, Buehler EV, Newmann EA. 1986. Phototoxicity, photoallergy, and contact sensitization of nitro musk perfume raw materials. Contact dermatitis 14(2): 103-109.

[43] Parker, R. D., E. V. Buehler, et al. (1986). "Phototoxicity, photoallergy, and contact sensitization of nitro musk perfume raw materials." Contact Dermatitis 14(2): 103-9.

[44] Pop, V. J., J. L. Kuijpens, et al. (1999). Low maternal free thyroxine concentrations during early pregnancy are associated with impaired psychomotor development in infancy. Clinical Endocrinology 50(2): 149-55.

[45] Rimkus GG, Wolf M. 1996. Polycyclic musk fragrances in human adipose tissue and human milk. Chemosphere 33(10): 2033-2043. Rimkus G, Butte W, Geyer H. 1997. Critical conciderations on the analysis and bioaccumulation of Musk Xylene and other synthetic nitro musks in fish. Chemosphere 35(7): 1497-1507. Ford RA, Api AM, Newberne PM. 1990. 90-day dermal toxicity study and neurotoxicity evaluation of nitromusks in the albino rat. Food Chem Toxicol 28(1): 55-61.

[46] Schreurs, R. H., E. Sonneveld, et al. (2005a). "Examination of the in vitro (anti)estrogenic, (anti)androgenic and (anti)dioxin-like activities of tetralin, indane and isochroman derivatives using receptor-specific bioassays." Toxicol Lett 156(2): 261-75.

[47] Schreurs, R. H., E. Sonneveld, et al. (2005b). "Interaction of polycyclic musks and UV filters with the estrogen receptor (ER), androgen receptor (AR), and progesterone receptor (PR) in reporter gene bioassays." Toxicol Sci 83(2): 264-72.

[48] Seinen, W., J. G. Lemmen, et al. (1999). "AHTN and HHCB show weak estrogenic--but no uterotrophic activity." Toxicol Lett 111(1-2): 161-8.

[49] Spencer PS, Bischoff-Fenton MC, Moreno OM, Opdyke DL, Ford RA. 1984. Neurotoxic properties of musk ambrette. Toxicology and applied pharmacology 75(3): 571-575. Rimkus G, Butte W, Geyer H. 1997. Critical conciderations on the analysis and bioaccumulation of Musk Xylene and other synthetic nitro musks in fish. Chemosphere 35(7): 1497-1507. Ford RA, Api AM, Newberne PM. 1990. 90-day dermal toxicity study and neurotoxicity evaluation of nitromusks in the albino rat. Food Chem Toxicol 28(1): 55-61.

[50] Stahlhut RW, van Wijngaarden E, Dye TD, Cook S, Swan SH. 2007. Concentrations of urinary phthalate metabolites are associated with increased waist circumference and insulin resistance in adult U.S. males. Environmental health perspectives 115(6): 876-882.

[51] Steinberg, P., T. Fischer, et al. (1999). "Acute hepatotoxicity of the polycyclic musk 7-acetyl-1,1,3,4,4,6-hexamethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphtaline (AHTN)." Toxicol Lett 111(1-2): 151-60.

[52] Sugita-Konishi, Y., S. Shimura, et al. (2003). Effect of Bisphenol A on non-specific immunodefenses against non-pathogenic Escherichia coli. Toxicol Lett 136(3): 217-27.

[53] Uter, W., R. Ruhl, et al. (2004). Contact allergy in construction workers: results of a multifactorial analysis. Ann Occup Hyg 48(1): 21-7.

[54] Veldhoen, N., R. C. Skirrow, et al. (2006). "The bactericidal agent triclosan modulates thyroid hormone-associated gene expression and disrupts postembryonic anuran development." Aquat Toxicol 80(3): 217-27.

[55] Viberg, H., Fredriksson, A., Jakobsson, E., Orn, U., Eriksson, P. (2003). Neurobehavioral derangements in adult mice receiving decabrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE 209) during a defined period of neonatal brain development. Toxicol Sci 76(1): 112-20.

[56] Ward, E. M., Ruder, A.M., Suruda, A. (1994). Cancer mortality patterns among female and male workers employed in a cable manufacturing plant during World War II. J Occup Med 36: 7.

[57] York, R. (2002). Oral (gavage) two-generation (one litter per generation) reproduction study of ammonium perfluorooctanoate (APFO) in rats Report prepared for 3M, St. Paul, MN by Argus Research (Horsham, PA). Sponsor's Study No. T-6889.6., Reviewed in US EPA AR226-1092.

References - Government, academic, and industry databases

[European Union - Classification & Labelling] ECB (European Chemicals Bureau). 2006. Classification and Labelling: Chemicals: Annex I of Directive 67/548/EEC.

[Amer Conf of Gov't Industrial Hygienists - Carcinogens] ACGIH (American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists) 2004. ACGIH cancer classification system. www.acgih.org.

[FDA Food Additive Status] FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administrion) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/%7Edms/opa-appa.html, Oct 16, 2006.

[Assoc of Occupational and Environmental Clinics - Asthmagens] AOEC (Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics) 2006.

[Ingredients Prohibited and Restricted by FDA Regulations] FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Ingredients Prohibited and Restricted by FDA Regulations. FDA Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Office of Cosmetics and Colors. Downloaded from http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~dms/cos-210.html.

[FDA Ingredients with BSE Concern] FDA, 2000. Coverage of Bovine-Derived Ingredients for Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE)

[Canada's Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist] Canada's Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist

[CHE Toxicant and Disease Database] The Collaborative on Health and the Environment, 2006

[Cosmetics Ingredient Review Assessments] Cosmetics Ingredient Review Assessments

[FDA Color Additive Status] FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administrion) 2006. Color Additive Status List.

[EPA Water Quality Standards Database] EPA, Office of Water. Water Quality Standards Database.

[EPA Water Disinfection By-Products Carcinogenicity] EPA, 2006. EPA Water Disinfection By-Products with Carcinogenicity Estimates

[FDA Everything Added to Food] FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2006. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

[Illinois EPA Chemicals Associated with Endocrine System] Illinois EPA (Illinois Environmental Protection Agency). 2000. Preliminary list of chemicals associated with endocrine system effects in animals and humans (*) or in vitro (+). In EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) 2000. Handbook for Non-Cancer Health Effects Valuation, Appendix C.

[EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)] EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2005a. Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS). Evidence for human carcinogenicity based on 1999 guidelines.

[European Union - Banned or Restricted in Cosmetics] EU 1999-2006. The rules governing cosmetic products in the European Union, Volume 1, "Cosmetics legislation".

[European Union - Water Framework Directive] Water Framework Directive

[EWG Assessments of Cosmetics Ingredients Review] EWG Assessments of Cosmetics Ingredients Review

[Color Additive Information from CTFA manual] Color Additive Information from CTFA manual

[EPA Hazardous Air Pollutants] EPA 2004. The 112(b)1 Hazardous Air Pollutants List (as modified)

[FDA Dietary Supplement Concerns] FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 1993. Unsubstantiated Claims and Documented Health Hazards in the Dietary Supplement Marketplace. Illnesses and Injuries Associated With the Use of Selected Dietary Supplements.

[National Library of Medicine HazMap] National Library of Medicine HazMap

[Inter'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Carcinogens] IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2006. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-88 (a total of 900 agents, mixtures and exposures).

[International Fragrance Association Codes & Standards] IRFA (International Fragrance Association). 2005. Codes and Standards.

[EWG Impurity Research] EWG Impurity Research

[EPA Categorized List of Inert Pesticide Ingredients] EPA OPP 1987 & 2005. Inert (other) Pesticide Ingredients in Pesticide Products - Categorized List of Inert (other) Pesticide Ingredients.

[Japan's Standards for Cosmetics] Japan Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. Standards for Cosmetics. Evaluation and Licensing Division. Pharmaceutical and Food Safety Bureau.

[Chemicals known to be neurotoxic to humans] Grandjean P and PJ Landrigan. 2006. Developmental neurotoxicity of industrial chemicals. Lancet. Early Online Publication, 8 November 2006. DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(06)69665-7.

[NIOSH Carcinogens List] NIOSH 2006. NIOSH Carcinogens List. Downloaded from http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/npotocca.html. Aug 22, 2005.

[NTP Report on Carcinogens, 11th Edition] NTP (National Toxicology Program). 2005. Report on Carcinogens, Eleventh Edition; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Toxicology Program.

[NTP - Tumor Induction in Mammary Gland] NTP (National Toxicology Program) 2004. Chemicals Associated with Site-Specific Tumor Induction in Mammary Gland. Updated 5/14/04. Available online at http://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/index.cfm?objectid=0723C503-E864-262E-EE6B8B34B6F0C5D1.

[NTP Risks to Human Reproduction] NTP (National Toxicology Program). 2005. NTP Center for the Evaluation fo Risks to Human Reproduction (CERHR). NTP-CERHR Reports and Monographs.

[Our Stolen Future Endocrine Disruptors] Our Stolen Future, 2005. Widespread Pollutants with Endocrine-disrupting Effects.

[LRTAP (1998). Aarhus Protocol on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs). Geneva Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution, United Nations Environment Program.] LRTAP (1998). Aarhus Protocol on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs). Geneva Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution, United Nations Environment Program.

[EC (Environment Canada). 1994. Accelerated Reduction/Elimination of Toxics (ARET). ARET substance list of persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic chemicals.] EC (Environment Canada). 1994. Accelerated Reduction/Elimination of Toxics (ARET). ARET substance list of persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic chemicals.

[EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2005b. Priority PBT (Persistent, Bioaccumulative, Toxic) Chemicals. EPA Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances Persistent Bioaccumulative and Toxic (PBT) Chemical Program.] EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2005b. Priority PBT (Persistent, Bioaccumulative, Toxic) Chemicals. EPA Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances Persistent Bioaccumulative and Toxic (PBT) Chemical Program.

[EU (2006). PRIO database - a tool for risk reduction of chemicals. Secondary PRIO database - a tool for risk reduction of chemicals. Secondary Kemi. Place Published, Kemi-Swedish Chemicals Inspectorate.] EU (2006). PRIO database - a tool for risk reduction of chemicals. Secondary PRIO database - a tool for risk reduction of chemicals. Secondary Kemi. Place Published, Kemi-Swedish Chemicals Inspectorate.

[Great Lakes BTS (Binational Toxics Strategy). 1997. Canada-United States Strategy for the Virtual Elimination of Persistent Toxic Substances in the Great Lakes. Appendix I - Level 1 and Level 2 substances.] Great Lakes BTS (Binational Toxics Strategy). 1997. Canada-United States Strategy for the Virtual Elimination of Persistent Toxic Substances in the Great Lakes. Appendix I - Level 1 and Level 2 substances.

[OSPAR (2002). OSPAR List of Substances of Possible Concern. Secondary OSPAR List of Substances of Possible Concern. Secondary OSPAR. Place Published, OSPAR Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environement of North-East Atlanic.] OSPAR (2002). OSPAR List of Substances of Possible Concern. Secondary OSPAR List of Substances of Possible Concern. Secondary OSPAR. Place Published, OSPAR Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environement of North-East Atlanic.

[Emerging PBTs from peer-reviewed literature] Emerging PBTs from peer-reviewed literature

[EPA Waste Minimization Program (RCRA) (1998)] EPA Waste Minimization Program (RCRA) (1998)

[United Nations Environment Programme/POPs Treaty (2001)] United Nations Environment Programme/POPs Treaty (2001)

[EPA Toxic Release Inventory (1999)] EPA Toxic Release Inventory (1999)

[California EPA Proposition 65] California EPA (California Environmental Protection Agency). 2005. Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment. Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986. Chemicals known to the State to cause cancer or reproductive toxicity. May 27, 2005.

[RTECS] RTECS

[Scorecard.org Toxicity Information] Scorecard.org

References - Health effect summaries for toxome chemicals

[1] (1981). NIOSH/OSHA - Occupational Health Guidelines for Chemical Hazards. Washington, DC, DHHS(NIOSH).

[2] (1999). "Bisphenol A diglycidyl ether." IARC Monogr Eval Carcinog Risks Hum 71 Pt 3: 1285-9.

[3] 3M (1995). Antwerp Blood Testing Results from June, 1995, 3M.

[4] 3M (1995). Mortality Study of Employees at 3M Plant in Decatur, Alabama: 50.

[5] 3M (1998). Working memorandum on data quality assessment [of the mean and range of PFOS (ppb) levels in current and historical human populations]. U.S. EPA Administrative Record AR226-0036.

[6] 3M (1998). Fluorochemical Exposure Assessment of Decatur Chemical and Film Plant Employees, 3M.

[7] 3M (1998). An Epidemiologic Investigation of Clinical Chemistries, Hematology and Hormones in Relation to Serum Levels of Perfluorooctane Sulfonate in Male Fluorochemical Production Employees.

[8] 3M (1999). Report of data for exploratory 28-day oral toxicity study in rats: telomer alcohol, telomer acrylate, [(CBI)], PFHS, PFOS. NOTOX project number 242933. Report prepared for 3M, St. Paul, MN by 3M Environmental Laboratory Fluorine Analytical Chemistry Team (FACT). Study No. FACT-TOX-120.3; NOTOX#24933 U.S. EPA Administrative Records AR226-0951 (metabolites) and AR226-1030a.

[9] 3M (2000). "3M to pare Scotchgard products: one long-lasting compound is cited (Comment by Charles Reich, Executive Vice President of Specialty Material Markets for 3M)." The Washington Post. May 17, 2000. "It was a complete surprise that it [PFOS] was in the blood bank supplies." - Charles Reich, Executive Vice President of Specialty Material Markets for 3M, The Washington Post, May 17, 2000

[10] 3M (2000). Laboratory composite report: analytical reports of data for fluorochemical analysis in human sera. U. E. A. Record, 3M.

[11] 3M (2000). Composite analytical laboratory report on the quantitative analysis of fluorochemicals in environmental samples. EPA Administrative Record AR226-0202, 3M.

[12] 3M (2001). Executive Summary: Environmental monitoring - multi-city study water, sludge, sediment, POTW effluent and landfill leachate samples.

[13] 3M (2001). Final Report, A Longitudinal Analysis of Serum Perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) and Perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) in Relation to Clinical Chemistry, Thyroid Hormone, Hematology and Urinalysis Results from Male and Female Employee Participants of the 2000.

[14] 3M (2002). Analysis of pooled human sera and plasma and monkey sera for fluorocarbons using exygen method ExM-023-071. Report prepared for 3M, St. Paul, MN by Exygen Research, State College, PA. Sponsor study number E02-1071; Exygen Study Number: 023-082 U.S. .

[15] 3M (2002). Identification of fluorochemicals in human sera. III. Pediatric participants in a group A streptococci clinical trial investigation. . M. C. Medical Department.

[16] Adolfsson-Erici M., P., M., Parkkonen, J., Sturve, J. (2002). "Triclosan, a commonly used bactericide found in human milk and in the aquatic envirnment in Sweden." Chemosphere 46(9-10): 1485-9.

[17] Akhtar, N., SA Kayani, MM Ahmad and M Shahab (1996). " Insecticide-induced changes in secretory activity of the thyroid gland in rats. ." J Appl Toxicol 16(5): 397-400.

[18] Chuang H. Y. et al. (2001). "Interrelations of Lead Levels in Bone, Venous Blood, and Umbilical Cord Blood with Exogenous Lead Exposure through Maternal Plasma Lead in Peripartum Women." Environ Health Perspect 109(5): 6.

[19] Al-Hiyasat, A. S., H. Darmani, et al. (2002). "Effects of bisphenol A on adult male mouse fertility." Eur J Oral Sci 110(2): 163-7.

[20] Allmyr, M., M. Adolfsson-Erici, et al. (2006). "Triclosan in plasma and milk from Swedish nursing mothers and their exposure via personal care products." Sci Total Environ 372(1): 87-93.

[21] Alonso-Magdalena, P., S. Morimoto, et al. (2006). "The estrogenic effect of bisphenol A disrupts pancreatic beta-cell function in vivo and induces insulin resistance." Environ Health Perspect 114(1): 106-12.

[22] Antonia M. Calafat, Z. K., John A. Reidy, Samuel P. Caudill, John Ekong, Larry L. Needham (2005). "Urinary Concentrations of Bisphenol A and 4-Nonylphenol in a Human Reference Population." Environmental Health Perspectives 113(4): 5.

[23] Apostolidis, S., T. Chandra, et al. (2002). "Evaluation of carcinogenic potential of two nitro-musk derivatives, musk xylene and musk tibetene in a host-mediated in vivo/in vitro assay system." Anticancer Res 22(5): 2657-62.

[24] Armour, M. A. (1991). Hazardous Laboratory Chemicals Disposal Guide. Boca Raton, FL: 461.

[25] Ask, K., A. Akesson, et al. (2002). "Inorganic mercury and methylmercury in placentas of Swedish women." Environ Health Perspect 110(5): 523-6.

[26] Ataniyazova, O. A., R. A. Baumann, et al. (2001). "Levels of certain metals, organochlorine pesticides and dioxins in cord blood, maternal blood, human milk and some commonly used nutrients in the surroundings of the Aral Sea (Karakalpakstan, Republic of Uzbekistan)." Acta Paediatr 90(7): 801-8.

[27] ATSDR ToxFAQs, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.

[28] ATSDR (1995). "Toxicology Profile for Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs)."

[29] ATSDR (1998). "Toxicological profile for chlorinated dibenzo-o-dioxins (CDDs): Health effects chapter."

[30] ATSDR (1999). Toxicological Profile for mercury, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.

[31] ATSDR (1999). Toxicological profile for lead: Health effects chapter, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.

[32] ATSDR (2000). "Toxicological profile for polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs): Health effects chapter."

[33] ATSDR (2004). Minimal risk Levels for Hazardous Substances., Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.

[34] ATSDR (Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry) (1992). "Toxicological profile for 2-hexanone: Health effects chapter."

[35] ATSDR (Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry) (1997). "Toxicological profile for di-n-octylphthalate (DNOP): Health effects chapter."

[36] ATSDR (Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry) (2001). "Toxicological profile for pentachlrophenol: Health effects chapter."

[37] Auer, C. (2000). "May 16, 2000 email message from Charles Auer (EPA) to OECD." EPA administrative record number AR226-0629.

[38] Balk, F. and R. A. Ford (1999). "Environmental risk assessment for the polycyclic musks AHTN and HHCB in the EU. I. Fate and exposure assessment." Toxicol Lett 111(1-2): 57-79.

[39] Balmer M., P. T., Droz C., Romanin K., Bergqvist P.-A., Muller ., Buser H.-R. (2004). "Occurence of Methyl Triclosan, a Transformation Product of the Bactericide Triclosan, in Fish from various Lakes in Switzerland." Environ. Sci. Technol. 38(2): 390-395.

[40] Bangsgaard K, M. S., Korsgaard B. (2006). "Effect of waterborne exposure to 4-tert-octylphenol and 17beta-estradiol on smoltification and downstream migration in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar." Aquatic Toxicology 80(1): 10.

[41] Barr, D. B., P. Weihe, et al. (2006). "Serum polychlorinated biphenyl and organochlorine insecticide concentrations in a Faroese birth cohort." Chemosphere 62(7): 1167-82.

[42] Basketter, D. A., Z. M. Wright, et al. (2001). "Human potency predictions for aldehydes using the local lymph node assay." Contact Dermatitis 45(2): 89-94.

[43] Bechi, N. (2006). "Estrogen-like response to p-nonylphenol in human first trimester placenta and BeWo choriocarcinoma cells." Toxicol Sci 93(1): 6.

[44] Benowitz, N. L. (1992). " Cardiotoxicity in the Workplace." Occupational Medicine. 7(3): 465-477.

[45] Bernard, A. M., R. de Russis, et al. (1989). "Evaluation of the subacute nephrotoxicity of cyclohexane and other industrial solvents in the female Sprague-Dawley rat." Toxicol Lett 45(2-3): 271-80.

[46] Bhargava H., L. P. (1996). "Triclosan: Applications and safety." Am J. Infect Control 24: 209-218.

[47] Bi, X., W. Qu, et al. (2006). "Polybrominated diphenyl ethers in South China maternal and fetal blood and breast milk." Environ Pollut 144(3): 1024-30.

[48] BIBRA (The British Industrial Biological Research Association) (1988). "Toxicity profile for cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC)."

[49] Birnbaum, L. S., D. F. Staskal, et al. (2003). "Health effects of polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PBDDs) and dibenzofurans (PBDFs)." Environ Int 29(6): 855-60.

[50] Bitsch, N., C. Dudas, et al. (2002). "Estrogenic activity of musk fragrances detected by the E-screen assay using human mcf-7 cells." Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 43(3): 257-64.

[51] Bjerregaard, P. and J. C. Hansen (2000). "Organochlorines and heavy metals in pregnant women from the Disko Bay area in Greenland." Sci Total Environ 245(1-3): 195-202.

[52] Blount B.C., V.-B., L. (2006). "Analysis of perchlorate, thiocyanate, nitrate and iodide in human amniotic fluid using ion chromatography and electrospray tandem mass spectrometry." Analytica Chimica Acta 567: 7.

[53] Blount, B. C., J. L. Pirkle, et al. (2006). "Urinary perchlorate and thyroid hormone levels in adolescent and adult men and women living in the United States." Environmental Health Perspectives doi:10.1289/ehp.9466 (available at http://dx.doi.org/) Online 5 October 2006.

[54] Blount, B. C., M. J. Silva, et al. (2000). "Levels of seven urinary phthalate metabolites in a human reference population." Environ Health Perspect 108(10): 979-82.

[55] Blount, B. C., L. Valentin-Blasini, et al. (2006). "Perchlorate Exposure of the US Population, 2001-2002." Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology Advance online publication, 18 October 2006; doi:10.1038/sj.jes.7500535.

[56] Boersma, E. R. and C. I. Lanting (2000). "Environmental exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and dioxins. Consequences for longterm neurological and cognitive development of the child lactation." Adv Exp Med Biol 478: 271-87.

[57] Bogh, I. B., Christensen, P., Dantzer, V., Groot, M., Thofner, I. C., Rasmussen, R. K., Schmidt, M., Greve, T. (2001). "Endocrine disrupting compounds: effect of octylphenol on reproduction over three generations." Theriogenology 55(1): 131-50.

[58] Bogh, I. B., P. Christensen, et al. (2001). "Endocrine disrupting compounds: effect of octylphenol on reproduction over three generations." Theriogenology 55(1): 131-50.

[59] Boockfor, F. R. and C. A. Blake (1997). "Chronic administration of 4-tert-octylphenol to adult male rats causes shrinkage of the testes and male accessory sex organs, disrupts spermatogenesis, and increases the incidence of sperm deformities." Biol Reprod 57(2): 267-77.

[60] Bornehag, C. G., Sundell J., Weschler, C.J., Sigsgaard, T., Lundgren, B., Hasselgren, M., Hgerhed-Engman, L. (2004). "The Association between Asthma and Allergic Symptoms in Children and Phthalates in House Dust: A Nested Case-Control Study." Environ Health Perspect 112: 5

[61] Bossi, R., F. F. Riget, et al. (2005). "Temporal and spatial trends of perfluorinated compounds in ringed seal (Phoca hispida) from Greenland." Environ Sci Technol 39(19): 7416-22.

[62] Branchi, I., F. Capone, et al. (2003). "Polybrominated diphenyl ethers: neurobehavioral effects following developmental exposure." Neurotoxicology 24(3): 449-62.

[63] Breitholtz, M., L. Wollenberger, et al. (2003). "Effects of four synthetic musks on the life cycle of the harpacticoid copepod Nitocra spinipes." Aquat Toxicol 63(2): 103-18.

[64] Burris, J. M., J. K. Lundberg, et al. (2002). Determination of Serum Half-lives of Several Fluorochemicals. Interim Report No. 2. 3M Company, St. Paul, MN., U.S. EPA docket AR-226-1086. Washington, DC. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

[65] Burse, V. W., A. R. Najam, et al. (2000). "Utilization of umbilical cords to assess in utero exposure to persistent pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls." J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 10(6 Pt 2): 776-88.

[66] Buser, H. R., M. D. Muller, et al. (2002). "Environmental behavior of the chiral acetamide pesticide metalaxyl: enantioselective degradation and chiral stability in soil." Environ Sci Technol 36(2): 221-6.

[67] Butler Walker, J., J. Houseman, et al. (2006). "Maternal and umbilical cord blood levels of mercury, lead, cadmium, and essential trace elements in Arctic Canada." Environ Res 100(3): 295-318.

[68] Butler Walker, J., L. Seddon, et al. (2003). "Organochlorine levels in maternal and umbilical cord blood plasma in Arctic Canada." Sci Total Environ 302(1-3): 27-52.

[69] Cal EPA (California Environmental Protection Agency) (1998). "Lindane (gamma hexachlorocyclohexane) toxicological summary." Department of Pesticide Regulation Medical Toxicology Brancy.

[70] Calafat, A. M., Z. Kuklenyik, et al. (2006). "Perfluorochemicals in pooled serum samples from United States residents in 2001 and 2002." Environ Sci Technol 40(7): 2128-34.

[71] Calafat, A. M., L. L. Needham, et al. (2006). "Perfluorinated chemicals in selected residents of the American continent." Chemosphere 63(3): 490-6.

[72] Calafat AM., K. Z., Reidy JA., Caudill SP., Ekong J, Needham LL. (2005). "Urinary Concentrations of Bisphenol A and 4-Nonylphenol in a Human Reference Population." Environmental Health Perspectives 113(4): 5.

[73] California Department of Pesticide Regulation (1997). "Malathion: Summary of toxicology data."

[74] Cammarota, M., L. R. Bevilaqua, et al. (2002). "Participation of CaMKII in neuronal plasticity and memory formation." Cell Mol Neurobiol 22(3): 259-67.

[75] Carlsson, G. and L. Norrgren (2004). "Synthetic musk toxicity to early life stages of zebrafish (Danio rerio)." Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 46(1): 102-5.

[76] Carpenter, D. O. (2006). "Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs): routes of exposure and effects on human health." Rev Environ Health 21(1): 1-23.

[77] CDC (1999-2000). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

[78] CDC (2001-2002). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

[79] CDC (2003-2004). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

[80] CDC (2005). National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals, Centers for Disease Control.

[81] CDPR (1997). Malathion: Summary of toxicology data, California Department of Pesticide Regulation.

[82] CERHR (2000). NTP-CERHR expert panel report on di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), Center for the Evaluation of Risks to Human Reproduction.

[83] Cerrillo, I., A. Granada, et al. (2005). "Endosulfan and its metabolites in fertile women, placenta, cord blood, and human milk." Environ Res 98(2): 233-9.

[84] Chemical, D. (1995-2006). "Dow Products: Nonylphenol Ethoxylates."

[85] Chemical, D. (1995-2006). "Dow Products: Octylphenol Ethoxylates."

[86] Chou, Y. J. and D. R. Dietrich (1999). "Interactions of nitromusk parent compounds and their amino-metabolites with the estrogen receptors of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and the South African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)." Toxicol Lett 111(1-2): 27-36.

[87] Chou, Y. J. and D. R. Dietrich (1999). "Toxicity of nitromusks in early lifestages of South African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis) and zebrafish (Danio rerio)." Toxicol Lett 111(1-2): 17-25.

[88] Chou, Y. J. and D. R. Dietrich (1999a). "Interactions of nitromusk parent compounds and their amino-metabolites with the estrogen receptors of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and the South African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)." Toxicol Lett 111(1-2): 27-36.

[89] Chou, Y. J. and D. R. Dietrich (1999b). "Toxicity of nitromusks in early lifestages of South African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis) and zebrafish (Danio rerio)." Toxicol Lett 111(1-2): 17-25.

[90] CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review) (2002). "84th Meeting of the CIR expert panel results."

[91] Commonweal (2005). Taking It All In: Documenting Chemical Pollution in Californians Through Biomonitoring.

[92] Control, C. f. D. (2005). "National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals."

[93] Covaci, A., P. Jorens, et al. (2002). "Distribution of PCBs and organochlorine pesticides in umbilical cord and maternal serum." Sci Total Environ 298(1-3): 45-53.

[94] CPChem (Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP) (2000). "Material Safety Data Sheet for ethylcyclohexane."

[95] Dalgard, C., P. Grandjean, et al. (1994). "Mercury in the Umbilical Cord: Implications for Risk Assessment for Minamata Disease." Environ Health Perspect 102(6-7): 548-50.

[96] Damgaard, I. N., N. E. Skakkebaek, et al. (2006). "Persistent pesticides in human breast milk and cryptorchidism." Environ Health Perspect 114(7): 1133-8.

[97] Danelski, D. and D. Beeman (2003). "Growing concerns: While scientists debate the risks, a study finds the rocket-fuel chemical in inland lettuce. ." The Press-Enterprise. April 27, 2003.

[98] Daniel R. Oros, W. M. J., Theresa Lowe, and S. L. Nicole David, Jay A. Davis (2003). "Surveillance for previously unmonitored organic contaminants in the San Francisco Estuary." Marine Pollution Bulletin 46: 9.

[99] Darnerud, P. O. (2003). "Toxic effects of brominated flame retardants in man and in wildlife." Environ Int 29(6): 13.

[100] Darnerud, P. O., G. S. Eriksen, et al. (2001). "Polybrominated diphenyl ethers: occurrence, dietary exposure, and toxicology." Environ Health Perspect 109 Suppl 1: 49-68.

[101] Dasgupta, P. K., J. V. Dyke, et al. (2006). "Perchlorate in the United States. Analysis of Relative Source Contributions to the Food Chain." Environ. Sci. Technol. ASAP Web Release Date: 27-Sep-2006. DOI: Available at http://pubs3.acs.org/acs/journals/doilookup?in_doi=10.1021/es061321z.

[102] Daughton, C. G. and T. A. Ternes (1999). "Pharmaceuticals and personal care products in the environment: agents of subtle change?" Environ Health Perspect 107 Suppl 6: 907-38.

[103] de Wit, C. A. (2002). "An overview of brominated flame retardants in the environment." Chemosphere 46(5): 583-624.

[104] Della Seta, D., I. Minder, et al. (2005). "Bisphenol-A exposure during pregnancy and lactation affects maternal behavior in rats." Brain Res Bull 65(3): 255-60.

[105] Dennis, C. A. and F. Fehr (1975). "The relationship between mercury levels in maternal and cord blood." Sci Total Environ 3(3): 275-7.

[106] Dewailly, E., P. Ayotte, et al. (2000). "Susceptibility to infections and immune status in Inuit infants exposed to organochlorines." Environ Health Perspect 108(3): 205-11.

[107] Diel P, O. S., Schmidt S, Michna H. (2002). "Effects of the environmental estrogens bisphenol A, o,p'-DDT, p-tert-octylphenol and coumestrol on apoptosis induction, cell proliferation and the expression of estrogen sensitive molecular parameters in the human breast cancer cell line MCF-7." J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 80(1): 10.

[108] Diel P., O. S., Schmidt S., Michna H. (2002). "Effects of the environmental estrogens bisphenol A, o,p'-DDT, p-tert-octylphenol and coumestrol on apoptosis induction, cell proliferation and the expression of estrogen sensitive molecular parameters in the human breast cancer cell line MCF-7." J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 80(1): 10.

[109] Dinglasan, M. J., Y. Ye, et al. (2004). "Fluorotelomer alcohol biodegradation yields poly- and perfluorinated acids." Environ Sci Technol 38(10): 2857-64.

[110] Dow. (1995-2006). "Dow Products: Nonylphenol Ethoxylates." Retrieved 11/28/06, 2006, from http://www.dow.com/surfactants/products/nonylph.htm.

[111] Dow. (1995-2006). "Dow Products: Octylphenol Ethoxylates." from http://www.dow.com/surfactants/products/octyl.htm.

[112] Duedahl-Olesen, L., T. Cederberg, et al. (2005). "Synthetic musk fragrances in trout from Danish fish farms and human milk." Chemosphere 61(3): 422-31.

[113] Duft, M., U. Schulte-Oehlmann, et al. (2003). "Stimulated embryo production as a parameter of estrogenic exposure via sediments in the freshwater mudsnail Potamopyrgus antipodarum." Aquat Toxicol 64(4): 437-49.

[114] Durska, G. (2001). "[Levels of lead and cadmium in pregnant women and newborns and evaluation of their impact on child development]." Ann Acad Med Stetin 47: 49-60.

[115] Duty, S. M., A. M. Calafat, et al. (2004). "The relationship between environmental exposure to phthalates and computer-aided sperm analysis motion parameters." J Androl 25(2): 293-302.

[116] Duty, S. M., A. M. Calafat, et al. (2005). "Phthalate exposure and reproductive hormones in adult men." Hum Reprod 20(3): 604-10.

[117] Duty, S. M., M. J. Silva, et al. (2003). "Phthalate exposure and human semen parameters." Epidemiology 14(3): 269-77.

[118] Duty, S. M., N. P. Singh, et al. (in press 2003). "The relationship between environmental exposures to phthalates and DNA damage in human sperm using the neutral comet assay." Environ Health Perspect.

[119] DW, K. (2002). "Pharmaceuticals, Hormones, and Other Organic Wastewater Contaminants in U.S. Streams, 1999-2000: A National Reconnaissance." Environmental Science and Technology 36: 10.

[120] Eisenhardt, S., B. Runnebaum, et al. (2001). "Nitromusk compounds in women with gynecological and endocrine dysfunction." Environ Res 87(3): 123-30.

[121] El Aribi, H., Y. J. C. Le Blanc, et al. (2006). "Analysis of perchlorate in foods and beverages by ion chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (IC-ESI-MS/MS)." Analytica Chimica Acta. 567(1 ): 39-47.

[122] Ema, M., E. Miyawaki, et al. (1998). "Further evaluation of developmental toxicity of di-n-butyl phthalate following administration during late pregnancy in rats." Toxicol Lett 98(1-2): 87-93.

[123] EPA (1994). Tebuthiuron Reregistration Eligibiligy Decision (RED), Environmental Protection Agency: 232.

[124] EPA (1999). Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) on Elemental Mercury. . Washington, DC, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Center for Environmental Assessment, Office of Research and Development.

[125] EPA (2000). Malathion Reregistration Eligibility Decision: Toxicology Chapther, Environmental Protection Agency.

[126] EPA (2000). Email message from Charles Auer (US Environmental Protection Agency) to OECD. EPA administrative record number AR226-0629.

[127] EPA (2001). Malathion risk assessment: Review of malathion incident reports, Environmental Protection Agency.

[128] EPA (2005). Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule data, updated January 2005., Environmental Protection Agency.

[129] Eskenazi B., W. M., Mocarelli P., Samuels S., Needham L. L., Patterson D. G., Jr., Lippman S., Vercellini P., Gerthoux P. M., Brambilla P., Olive D. (2002). "Serum dioxin concentrations and menstrual cycle characteristics." Am J Epidemiol 156: 383-92.

[130] Espejo, R. (2002). "Determination of nineteen 4-alkylphenol endocrine disrupters in Geneva municipal sewage wastewater." J Chromatogr A 976(1-2): 9.

[131] EU (2002). Study on the scientific evaluation of 12 substances in the context of endocrine disrupter priority list of actions, European Commission.

[132] EU (2003). DIRECTIVE 2003/53/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 18 June 2003 amending for the 26th time Council Directive 76/769/EEC relating to restrictions on the marketing and use of certain dangerous substances and preparations (nonylphenol, nonylphenol ethoxylate and cement), European Union.

[133] EWG (2001) Rocket Science: Perchlorate and the toxic legacy of the cold war, Environmental Working Group.

[134] EWG (2003) Rocket Fuel in Drinking Water: New Studies Show Harm From Much Lower Doses. Environmental Working Group.

[135] EWG (2003). Suspect Salads: Toxic rocket fuel found in samples of winter lettuce., Environmental Working Group.

[136] EWG (2003). Body Burden: the Pollution in People. Washington DC, Environmental Working Group.

[137] EWG (2003). PFCs - A Family of Chemicals that Contaminate the Planet. Washington DC, Environmental Working Group.

[138] EWG (2004). Rocket fuel contamination in California milk. Environmental Working Group.

[139] EWG (2005). Body Burden: the Pollution in Newborns. Washington DC, Environmental Working Group.

[140] Fangstrom, B., L. Hovander, et al. (2005). "Concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers, polychlonnated biphenyls, and polychlorobiphenylols in serum from pregnant Faroese women and their children 7 years later." Environ Sci Technol 39(24): 9457-63.

[141] Fangstrom, B., A. Strid, et al. (2005). "A retrospective study of PBDEs and PCBs in human milk from the Faroe Islands." Environ Health 4: 12.

[142] FDA. (2004). "Exploratory Data on Perchlorate in Food." from Available at http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~dms/clo4data.html.

[143] Field, E. A., C. J. Price, et al. (1993). "Developmental toxicity evaluation of diethyl and dimethyl phthalate in rats." Teratology 48(1): 33-44.

[144] Fischer, D., K. Hooper, et al. (2006). "Children show highest levels of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in a California family of four: a case study." Environ Health Perspect 114(10): 1581-4.

[145] Fok, T. F., H. S. Lam, et al. (2006). "Fetal methylmercury exposure as measured by cord blood mercury concentrations in a mother-infant cohort in Hong Kong." Environ Int.

[146] Foran, C. M., E.R. Bennett, W.H. Benson (2000). "Developmental evaluation of a potential non-steroidal estrogen: triclosan." Marine Environmental Research 50: 153-156.

[147] Fromme, H., T. Otto, et al. (2001). "Polycyclic musk fragrances in different environmental compartments in Berlin (Germany)." Water Res 35(1): 121-8.

[148] Fromme, H., T. Otto, et al. (1999). "Levels of synthetic musks; bromocyclene and PCBs in eel (Anguilla anguilla) and PCBs in sediment samples from some waters of Berlin/Germany." Chemosphere 39(10): 1723-35.

[149] Gatermann, R., S. Biselli, et al. (2002). "Synthetic musks in the environment. Part 1: Species-dependent bioaccumulation of polycyclic and nitro musk fragrances in freshwater fish and mussels." Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 42(4): 437-46.

[150] Gomez, E., A. Pillon, et al. (2005). "Estrogenic activity of cosmetic components in reporter cell lines: parabens, UV screens, and musks." J Toxicol Environ Health A 68(4): 239-51.

[151] Gray, L. E., Jr., J. Ostby, et al. (2000). "Perinatal exposure to the phthalates DEHP, BBP, and DINP, but not DEP, DMP, or DOTP, alters sexual differentiation of the male rat." Toxicol Sci 58(2): 350-65.

[152] Gray, L. E., Jr., C. Wolf, et al. (1999). "Administration of potentially antiandrogenic pesticides (procymidone, linuron, iprodione, chlozolinate, p,p'-DDE, and ketoconazole) and toxic substances (dibutyl- and diethylhexyl phthalate, PCB 169, and ethane dimethane sulphonate) during sexual differentiation produces diverse profiles of reproductive malformations in the male rat." Toxicol Ind Health 15(1-2): 94-118.

[153] Guo YL, H. P., Hsu CC, Lambert GH (2000). "Semen quality after prenatal exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls and dibenzofurans." Lancet 356: 1240-1.

[154] Guruge, K. S., S. Taniyasu, et al. (2005). "Perfluorinated organic compounds in human blood serum and seminal plasma: a study of urban and rural tea worker populations in Sri Lanka." J Environ Monit 7(4): 371-7.

[155] Guvenius, D. M., A. Aronsson, et al. (2003). "Human prenatal and postnatal exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers, polychlorinated biphenyls, polychlorobiphenylols, and pentachlorophenol." Environ Health Perspect 111(9): 1235-41.

[156] H., S., P. N., et al. (1985). "Occurrence of chlorinated polynuclear aromatic compounds in tap water. ." Environmental science and technology 19: 585-590.

[157] Haddow, J. E., G. E. Palomake, et al. (1999). "Maternal thyroid deficiency during pregnancy and subsequent neuropsychological development of the child." New England Journal of Medicine 341: 549-555.

[158] Hagen, D. F., J. Belisle, et al. (1981). "Characterization of fluorinated metabolites by a gas chromatographic-helium microwave plasma detector--the biotransformation of 1H, 1H, 2H, 2H-perfluorodecanol to perfluorooctanoate." Anal Biochem 118(2): 336-43.

[159] Hagmar, L. (2003). "Polychlorinated biphenyls and thyroid status in humans: a review." Thyroid 13(11): 1021-8.

[160] Hale R.C., A. M., Manchester-Neesvig J.B., Stapleton H.M., Ikonomou M.G. (2003). "Polybrominated diphenyl ether flame retardants in the North American environment." Environ Int 29(6): 10.

[161] Hanaoka, T., N. Kawamura, et al. (2002). "Urinary bisphenol A and plasma hormone concentrations in male workers exposed to bisphenol A diglycidyl ether and mixed organic solvents." Occup Environ Med 59(9): 625-8.

[162] Hansen, J. C., U. Tarp, et al. (1990). "Prenatal exposure to methyl mercury among Greenlandic polar Inuits." Arch Environ Health 45(6): 355-8.

[163] Harada, K., N. Saito, et al. (2004). "The influence of time, sex and geographic factors on levels of perfluorooctane sulfonate and perfluorooctanoate in human serum over the last 25 years." J Occup Health 46(2): 141-7.

[164] Harrad, S. and L. Porter (2006). "Concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in blood serum from New Zealand." Chemosphere.

[165] Hayakawa, R., O. Hirose, et al. (1991). "Pigmented contact dermatitis due to musk moskene." J Dermatol 18(7): 420-4.

[166] Hekster, F. M., R. W. Laane, et al. (2003). "Environmental and toxicity effects of perfluoroalkylated substances." Rev Environ Contam Toxicol 179: 99-121.

[167] Hombach-Klonisch, S., P. Pocar, et al. (2005). "Molecular actions of polyhalogenated arylhydrocarbons (PAHs) in female reproduction." Curr Med Chem 12(5): 599-616.

[168] Hosie, S., S. Loff, et al. (2000). "Is there a correlation between organochlorine compounds and undescended testes?" Eur J Pediatr Surg 10(5): 304-9.

[169] Howdeshell, K. L., A. K. Hotchkiss, et al. (1999). "Exposure to bisphenol A advances puberty." Nature 401(6755): 763-4.

[170] HSDB (Hazardous Substances Data Bank) (2002). "Cetylpyridinium chloride." National Library of Medicine (NLM) Toxicology Data Network (TOXNET(r)).

[171] Hunt, P. A., K. E. Koehler, et al. (2003). "Bisphenol a exposure causes meiotic aneuploidy in the female mouse." Curr Biol 13(7): 546-53.

[172] Hutter, H. P., P. Wallner, et al. (2005). "Blood concentrations of polycyclic musks in healthy young adults." Chemosphere 59(4): 487-92.

[173] IARC (1999). "Bisphenol A diglycidyl ether." IARC Monogr Eval Carcinog Risks Hum 71 Pt 3: 1285-9.

[174] Ikezuki, Y., O. Tsutsumi, et al. (2002). "Determination of bisphenol A concentrations in human biological fluids reveals significant early prenatal exposure." Hum Reprod 17(11): 2839-41.

[175] Inoue, K., K. Harada, et al. (2006). "Levels and concentration ratios of polychlorinated biphenyls and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in serum and breast milk in Japanese mothers." Environ Health Perspect 114(8): 1179-85.

[176] Inoue, K., F. Okada, et al. (2004). "Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and related perfluorinated compounds in human maternal and cord blood samples: assessment of PFOS exposure in a susceptible population during pregnancy." Environ Health Perspect 112(11): 1204-7.

[177] Inoue, K., A. Yamaguchi, et al. (2001). "Quantitative detection of bisphenol A and bisphenol A diglycidyl ether metabolites in human plasma by liquid chromatography-electrospray mass spectrometry." J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl 765(2): 121-6.

[178] Inoue K, K. M., Okada F, Takai N, Yoshimura Y, Horie M, (2003). "Measurement of 4-nonylphenol and 4-tertoctylphenol in human urine by column-switching liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry." Anal Chim Acta 486: 10.

[179] IPCS (International Programme on Chemical Safety) (1991). "Environmental Health Criteria 124: Lindane." World Health Organization - International Programme on Chemical Safety.

[180] IPCS (International Programme on Chemical Safety) (1997). "Environmental Health Criteria 195: Hexachlorbenzene." World Health Organization - International Programme on Chemical Safety.

[181] IUCLID (International Uniform Chemical Information Database) (2001). "Data set: Didodecyl 3,3-thiodipropionate." US EPA AR201-13379B. December 14, 2001.

[182] Jacobson, J. L. and S. W. Jacobson (1996). "Intellectual impairment in children exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls in utero." N Engl J Med 335(11): 783-9.

[183] Jacobson, J. L., J. Janisse, et al. (2002). "A benchmark dose analysis of prenatal exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls." Environ Health Perspect 110(4): 393-8.

[184] Jaga, K. and H. Duvvi (2001). "Risk reduction for DDT toxicity and carcinogenesis through dietary modification." J R Soc Health 121(2): 107-13.

[185] Jakobsson, K., K. Thuresson, et al. (2002). "Exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers and tetrabromobisphenol A among computer technicians." Chemosphere 46(5): 709-16.

[186] Jarrell, J., S. Chan, et al. (2005). "Longitudinal assessment of PCBs and chlorinated pesticides in pregnant women from Western Canada." Environ Health 4: 10.

[187] Jimenez Torres, M., C. Campoy Folgoso, et al. (2006). "Organochlorine pesticides in serum and adipose tissue of pregnant women in Southern Spain giving birth by cesarean section." Sci Total Environ 372(1): 32-8.

[188] Jin, Y., X. Liu, et al. (2004). "[Status of perfluorochemicals in adult serum and umbilical blood in Shenyang]." Wei Sheng Yan Jiu 33(4): 481-3.

[189] Jobling, S., D. Casey, et al. (2003). "Comparative responses of molluscs and fish to environmental estrogens and an estrogenic effluent." Aquat Toxicol 65(2): 205-20.

[190] Jobling, S., D. Casey, et al. (2004). "Comparative responses of molluscs and fish to environmental estrogens and an estrogenic effluent." Aquat Toxicol 66(2): 207-22.

[191] Kabuto, H., M. Amakawa, et al. (2004). "Exposure to bisphenol A during embryonic/fetal life and infancy increases oxidative injury and causes underdevelopment of the brain and testis in mice." Life Sci 74(24): 2931-40.

[192] Kamel, F. and J. A. Hoppin (2004). "Association of pesticide exposure with neurologic dysfunction and disease." Environ Health Perspect 112(9): 950-8.

[193] Kannan, K., J. W. Choi, et al. (2002). "Concentrations of perfluorinated acids in livers of birds from Japan and Korea." Chemosphere 49(3): 225-31.

[194] Kannan, K., S. Corsolini, et al. (2004). "Perfluorooctanesulfonate and related fluorochemicals in human blood from several countries." Environ Sci Technol 38(17): 4489-95.

[195] Kannan, K., J. L. Reiner, et al. (2005). "Polycyclic musk compounds in higher trophic level aquatic organisms and humans from the United States." Chemosphere 61(5): 693-700.

[196] Karrman, A., J. F. Mueller, et al. (2006). "Levels of 12 perfluorinated chemicals in pooled australian serum, collected 2002-2003, in relation to age, gender, and region." Environ Sci Technol 40(12): 3742-8.

[197] Katsuda, S., Yoshida, M., Watanabe, G., Taya, K., Maekawa, A., (2000). "Irreversible effects of neonatal exposure to p-tert-octylphenol on the reproductive tract in female rats." Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 165(3): 217-26.

[198] Katsuda, S., M. Yoshida, et al. (2000). "Dose- and treatment duration-related effects of p-tert-octylphenol on female rats." Reproductive Toxicology 14(2): 119-126.

[199] Katsuda, S., M. Yoshida, et al. (2000). "Irreversible effects of neonatal exposure to p-tert-octylphenol on the reproductive tract in female rats." Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 165(3): 217-26.

[200] Kawaguchi M, I. K., Sakui N, Ito R, Izumi S, Makino T, et al (2004). "Stir bar sorptive extraction and thermal desorption gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the measurement of 4-nonylphenol and 4-tert-octylphenol in human biological samples." J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci (Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences) 799: 7.

[201] Kim, B. H., M. G. Ikonomou, et al. (2005). "Concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers, polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans, and polychlorinated biphenyls in human blood samples from Korea." Sci Total Environ 336(1-3): 45-56.

[202] Kimura, N., T. Kimura, et al. (2006). "Effect of Gestational Exposure to Nonylphenol on the Development and Fertility of Mouse Offspring." J Reprod Dev.

[203] Kirk, A., E. Smith, et al. (2003). "Perchlorate in milk." Environ Sci Technol. 37(21): 4979-81.

[204] Kirk, A. B., P. K. Martinelango, et al. (2005). "Perchlorate and Iodide in Dairy and Breast Milk." Environ Sci Technol. 39(7): 2011.

[205] Kogevinas, M. (2001). "Human health effects of dioxins: cancer, reproductive and endocrine system effects." Hum Reprod Update 7: 331-9.

[206] Kohn, M. C., F. Parham, et al. (2000). "Human exposure estimates for phthalates." Environ Health Perspect 108(10): A440-2.

[207] Kolpin, D. (2002). "Pharmaceuticals, Hormones, and Other Organic Wastewater Contaminants in U.S. Streams, 1999-2000: A National Reconnaissance." Environmental Science and Technology 36: 10.

[208] Korrick, S. A., L. M. Altshul, et al. (2000). "Measurement of PCBs, DDE, and hexachlorobenzene in cord blood from infants born in towns adjacent to a PCB-contaminated waste site." J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 10(6 Pt 2): 743-54.

[209] Krachler, M., E. Rossipal, et al. (1999). "Trace element transfer from the mother to the newborn--investigations on triplets of colostrum, maternal and umbilical cord sera." Eur J Clin Nutr 53(6): 486-94.

[210] Kreckmann, K. H., J. K. Baldwin, et al. (2000). "Inhalation developmental toxicity and reproduction studies with cyclohexane." Drug Chem Toxicol 23(4): 555-73.

[211] Kubwabo, C., Vais, N., Benoit, F.M. (2004). "A pilot study on the determination of perfluorooctane sulfonate and other perfluorinated compounds in blood of Canadians." Journal of environmental monitoring 6(6): 6.

[212] Kubwabo, C., N. Vais, et al. (2004). "A pilot study on the determination of perfluorooctanesulfonate and other perfluorinated compounds in blood of Canadians." J Environ Monit 6(6): 540-5.

[213] Lange, F. T., C. Schmidt, et al. (2006). Perfluoroalkylcarboxylatesvand -sulfonates. Emerging Contaminants for Drinking Water Supplies? Association of River Waterworks - RIWA.

[214] Lanting, C. I., S. Patandin, et al. (1998). "Neurological condition in 42-month-old children in relation to pre- and postnatal exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls and dioxins." Early Hum Dev 50(3): 283-92.

[215] Latini, G., C. De Felice, et al. (2003). "Exposure to Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate in humans during pregnancy. A preliminary report." Biol Neonate 83(1): 22-4.

[216] Laws, S. C., S. A. Carey, et al. (2000). "Estrogenic activity of octylphenol, nonylphenol, bisphenol A and methoxychlor in rats." Toxicol Sci 54(1): 154-67.

[217] Lea, L. J., E. V. Warbrick, et al. (1999). "The impact of vehicle on assessment of relative skin sensitization potency of 1,4-dihydroquinone in the local lymph node assay." Am J Contact Dermat 10(4): 213-8.

[218] Lear J., M. J.-Y., Dettmar P., Goddard P., Russell A. (2002). "Chloroxylenol- and triclosan-tolerant bacteria from industrial sources." Journal of industrial microbiology & biotechnology 29(5): 238-242.

[219] Lehman-McKeeman, L. D., D. Caudill, et al. (1999). "Effects of musk xylene and musk ketone on rat hepatic cytochrome P450 enzymes." Toxicol Lett 111(1-2): 105-15.

[220] Liebl, B. and S. Ehrenstorfer (1993). "[Nitro-musk compounds in breast milk]." Gesundheitswesen 55(10): 527-32.

[221] Liebl, B., R. Mayer, et al. (2000). "Transition of nitro musks and polycyclic musks into human milk." Adv Exp Med Biol 478: 289-305.

[222] Lin, G. H. and M. Hemming (1996). "Ocular and dermal irritation studies of some quaternary ammonium compounds." Food Chem Toxicol 34(2): 177-82.

[223] Lin, G. H., K. A. Voss, et al. (1991). "Acute inhalation toxicity of cetylpyridinium chloride." Food Chem Toxicol 29(12): 851-4.

[224] Link, B., T. Gabrio, et al. (2005). "Biomonitoring of persistent organochlorine pesticides, PCDD/PCDFs and dioxin-like PCBs in blood of children from South West Germany (Baden-Wuerttemberg) from 1993 to 2003." Chemosphere 58(9): 1185-201.

[225] Ljung, B. (2002). "EU reaches agreement to impose ban on use of toxics in cosmetic products." The Bureau of National Affairs, Inc. Volume 229: November 27, 2002.

[226] Longnecker, M. P., M. A. Klebanoff, et al. (2001). "Association between maternal serum concentration of the DDT metabolite DDE and preterm and small-for-gestational-age babies at birth." Lancet 358(9276): 110-4.

[227] Lores, M., M. Llompart, et al. (2005). "Confirmation of the formation of dichlorodibenzo-p-dioxin in the photodegradation of triclosan by photo-SPME." Anal Bioanal Chem 381(6): 1294-8.

[228] Luckenbach, T. and D. Epel (2005). "Nitromusk and polycyclic musk compounds as long-term inhibitors of cellular xenobiotic defense systems mediated by multidrug transporters." Environ Health Perspect 113(1): 17-24.

[229] Maekawa, A., Y. Matsushima, et al. (1990). "Long-term toxicity/carcinogenicity of musk xylol in B6C3F1 mice." Food Chem Toxicol 28(8): 581-6.

[230] Maffini M.V., R. B. S., Sonnenschein C., Soto A.M. (2006). "Endocrine disruptors and reproductive health: the case of bisphenol-A." Mol Cell Endocrinol 254-255: 8.

[231] Main, K. M., G. K. Mortensen, et al. (2006). "Human breast milk contamination with phthalates and alterations of endogenous reproductive hormones in infants three months of age." Environ Health Perspect 114(2): 270-6.

[232] Malley, L. A., J. R. Bamberger, et al. (2000). "Subchronic toxicity of cyclohexane in rats and mice by inhalation exposure." Drug Chem Toxicol 23(4): 513-37.

[233] Mallin, K., K. McCann, et al. (2004). "Cohort mortality study of capacitor manufacturing workers, 1944-2000." J Occup Environ Med 46(6): 565-76.

[234] Markey, C. M., P. R. Wadia, et al. (2005). "Long-term effects of fetal exposure to low doses of the xenoestrogen bisphenol-A in the female mouse genital tract." Biol Reprod 72(6): 1344-51.

[235] Marsman, D. (1995). "NTP technical report on the toxicity studies of Dibutyl Phthalate (CAS No. 84-74-2) Administered in Feed to F344/N Rats and B6C3F1 Mice." Toxic Rep Ser 30: 1-G5.

[236] Mary S. Wolff, S. L. T., Gayle Windham, Susan, J. A. B. M. Pinney, Carol Chelimo, James Godbold,, et al. (2006). "Pilot Study Of Urinary Biomarkers of Phytoestrogens, Phthalates, and Phenols In Girls." Environmental Health Perspectives advanced copy.

[237] Matsushima, Y., A. Maekawa, et al. (1990). "[Toxicity and carcinogenicity studies of musk xylol in B6C3F1 mouse]." Eisei Shikenjo Hokoku(108): 89-94.

[238] Mazdai, A., N. G. Dodder, et al. (2003). "Polybrominated diphenyl ethers in maternal and fetal blood samples." Environ Health Perspect 111(9): 1249-52.

[239] McClusky LM, d. J. C., Bornman MS. (2006). "Stage-Related Increase in the Proportion of Apoptotic Germ Cells and Altered Frequencies of Stages in the Spermatogenic Cycle Following Gestational, Lactational and Direct Exposure of Male Rats to P-Nonylphenol." Toxicol Sci.

[240] McDonald, T. A. (2002). "A perspective on the potential health risks of PBDEs." Chemosphere 46: 11.

[241] McDonald, T. A. (2005). "Polybrominated diphenylether levels among United States residents: daily intake and risk of harm to the developing brain and reproductive organs." Integr Environ Assess Manag 1(4): 343-54.

[242] Mihailovic, M., M. Cvetkovic, et al. (2000). "Selenium and malondialdehyde content and glutathione peroxidase activity in maternal and umbilical cord blood and amniotic fluid." Biol Trace Elem Res 73(1): 47-54.

[243] Mocarelli, P., P. Brambilla, et al. (1996). "Change in sex ratio with exposure to dioxin." Lancet 348(9024): 409.

[244] Mocarelli, P., P. M. Gerthoux, et al. (2000). "Paternal concentrations of dioxin and sex ratio of offspring." Lancet 355(9218): 1858-63.

[245] Monti, D., P. Chetoni, et al. (2002). "Increased corneal hydration induced by potential ocular penetration enhancers: assessment by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and by desiccation." Int J Pharm 232(1-2): 139-47.

[246] Morland, K. B., P. J. Landrigan, et al. (2005). "Body burdens of polybrominated diphenyl ethers among urban anglers." Environ Health Perspect 113(12): 1689-92.

[247] Mose, T., G. K. Mortensen, et al. (2006). "Phthalate monoesters in perfusate from a dual placenta perfusion system, the placenta tissue and umbilical cord blood." Reprod Toxicol.

[248] Mullen, R. (2001). 3M develops flame retardants Chemical Week.

[249] Muller, S., P. Schmid, et al. (1996). "Occurrence of nitro and non-nitro benzenoid musk compounds in human adipose tissue." Chemosphere 33(1): 17-28.

[250] Muller S, S. P., Schlatter C. (1998). "Pharmacokinetic behavior of 4-nonylphenol in humans." Environ Toxicol Pharmacol 5: 9.

[251] Murature, D. A., S. Y. Tang, et al. (1987). "Phthalate esters and semen quality parameters." Biomed Environ Mass Spectrom 14(8): 473-7.

[252] Murray, T. J., M. V. Maffini, et al. (2006). "Induction of mammary gland ductal hyperplasias and carcinoma in situ following fetal bisphenol A exposure." Reprod Toxicol.

[253] Mylchreest, E., R. C. Cattley, et al. (1998). "Male reproductive tract malformations in rats following gestational and lactational exposure to Di(n-butyl) phthalate: an antiandrogenic mechanism?" Toxicol Sci 43(1): 47-60.

[254] Mylchreest, E., M. Sar, et al. (1999). "Disruption of androgen-regulated male reproductive development by di(n-butyl) phthalate during late gestation in rats is different from flutamide." Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 156(2): 81-95.

[255] Mylchreest, E., D. G. Wallace, et al. (2000). "Dose-dependent alterations in androgen-regulated male reproductive development in rats exposed to Di(n-butyl) phthalate during late gestation." Toxicol Sci 55(1): 143-51.

[256] NAS (2000). Toxicological Effects of Methylmercury, National Research Council.

[257] NAS (National Academy of Sciences) (2000). "Toxicological Effects of Methylmercury." Washington DC, National Academy Press.

[258] NTP (2002). 10th Report on Carcinogens, National Toxicology Program.

[259] Oehlmann, J., Schulte-Oehlmann, U., Tillmann, M., Markert, B. (2000). "Effects of endocrine disruptors on prosobranch snails (Mollusca: Gastropoda) in the laboratory. Part I: Bisphenol A and octylphenol as xeno-estrogens." Ecotoxicology 9(6): 383-97.

[260] Oehlmann, J., U. Schulte-Oehlmann, et al. (2000). "Effects of endocrine disruptors on prosobranch snails (Mollusca: Gastropoda) in the laboratory. Part I: Bisphenol A and octylphenol as xeno-estrogens." Ecotoxicology 9(6): 383-397.

[261] Olea, N., R. Pulgar, et al. (1996). "Estrogenicity of resin-based composites and sealants used in dentistry." Environ Health Perspect 104(3): 298-305.

[262] Olsen, G. W. (1998). "An Epidemiological Investigation of Reproductive Hormones in Men with Occupational Exposure to Perfluorooctanoic Acid." JOEM 40: 614-19.

[263] Olsen, G. W., J. M. Burris, et al. (2002). Final Report: Identification of fluorochemicals in human sera. III. Pediatric participants in a group A streptococci clinical trial investigation, Study conducted by Corporate Occupational Medicine, Medical Department, 3M Company, 220-3W-05, St. Paul, MN.

[264] Olsen, G. W., T. R. Church, et al. (2004). "Serum concentrations of perfluorooctanesulfonate and other fluorochemicals in an elderly population from Seattle, Washington." Chemosphere 54(11): 1599-611.

[265] Olsen, G. W., T. R. Church, et al. (2003). "Perfluorooctanesulfonate and other fluorochemicals in the serum of American Red Cross adult blood donors." Environ Health Perspect 111(16): 1892-901.

[266] Olsen, G. W., H. Y. Huang, et al. (2005). "Historical comparison of perfluorooctanesulfonate, perfluorooctanoate, and other fluorochemicals in human blood." Environ Health Perspect 113(5): 539-45.

[267] Ong, C. N., S. E. Chia, et al. (1993). "Concentrations of heavy metals in maternal and umbilical cord blood." Biometals 6(1): 61-6.

[268] Oros D.R., J. W. M., Lowe T, David N, Lowe S, Davis J.A. (2003). "Surveillance for previously unmonitored organic contaminants in the San Francisco Estuary." Marine Pollution Bulletin 46: 9.

[269] Orvos D., V. D., Inauen J., Capdevielle M., Rothenstein A., Cunningham V. (2002). "Aquatic toxicity of triclosan." Environmental toxicology and chemistry 21(7): 1338-1349.

[270] Osman, K., A. Akesson, et al. (2000). "Toxic and essential elements in placentas of Swedish women." Clin Biochem 33(2): 131-8.

[271] OSPAR (2004). Musk xylene and other musks. Hazardous Substances Series, OSPAR Commission: 1-45.

[272] Ozmen, G. and M. T. Akay (1993). "The effects of malathion on some hormone levels and tissues secreting these hormones in rats." Vet Hum Toxicol 35(1): 22-4.

[273] Palanza, P. L., K. L. Howdeshell, et al. (2002). "Exposure to a low dose of bisphenol A during fetal life or in adulthood alters maternal behavior in mice." Environ Health Perspect 110 Suppl 3: 415-22.

[274] Paris, F. (2002). "Phenylphenols, biphenols, bisphenol-A and 4-tert-octylphenol exhibit alpha and beta estrogen activities and antiandrogen activity in reporter cell lines." Mol Cell Endocrinol 193(1-2): 7.

[275] Parker, R. D., E. V. Buehler, et al. (1986). "Phototoxicity, photoallergy, and contact sensitization of nitro musk perfume raw materials." Contact Dermatitis 14(2): 103-9.

[276] Patandin, S., C. Koopman-Esseboom, et al. (1998). "Effects of environmental exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls and dioxins on birth size and growth in Dutch children." Pediatr Res 44(4): 538-45.

[277] Peck, A. M. and K. C. Hornbuckle (2004). "Synthetic musk fragrances in Lake Michigan." Environ Sci Technol 38(2): 367-72.

[278] Peck, A. M., E. K. Linebaugh, et al. (2006). "Synthetic musk fragrances in Lake Erie and Lake Ontario sediment cores." Environ Sci Technol 40(18): 5629-35.

[279] Pellizzari, E. D., T. D. Hartwell, et al. (1982). "Purgeable organic compounds in mother's milk." Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 28(3): 322-8.

[280] Persky V, T. M., Anderson HA, Hanrahan LP, Falk C, Steenport DN, Chatterton RJ, Freels S, Consortium GL (2001). "The effects of PCB exposure and fish consumption on endogenous hormones." Environmental Health Perspectives 109: 1275-1283.

[281] Petreas, M., J. She, et al. (2003). "High body burdens of 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-47) in California women." Environ Health Perspect 111(9): 1175-9.

[282] PHS (1993). Dental Amalgams: A Public Health Service Strategy for Research, Education, and Regulation. Final Report Washington, DC, U.S. Public Health Service, Committee to Coordinate Environmental Health and Related Programs

[283] Pop, V. J., J. L. Kuijpens, et al. (1999). "Low maternal free thyroxine concentrations during early pregnancy are associated with impaired psychomotor development in infancy." Clinical Endocrinology 50(2): 149-55.

[284] Porrini, S., V. Belloni, et al. (2005). "Early exposure to a low dose of bisphenol A affects socio-sexual behavior of juvenile female rats." Brain Res Bull 65(3): 261-6.

[285] Pretorius E, B. M., Marx J, Smit E, van der Merwe CF. (2006). "Ultrastructural effects of low dosage endocrine disrupter chemicals on neural cells of the chicken embryo model." Horm Metab Res 38(10): 11.

[286] Ramilo, G., I. Valverde, et al. (2006). "Cytotoxic effects of BADGE (bisphenol A diglycidyl ether) and BFDGE (bisphenol F diglycidyl ether) on Caco-2 cells in vitro." Arch Toxicol 80(11): 748-55.

[287] Raychoudhury, S. S., Blake, C. A., Millette, C. F. (1999). "Toxic effects of octylphenol on cultured rat spermatogenic cells and Sertoli cells." Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 157(3): 192-202.

[288] Raychoudhury, S. S., C. A. Blake, et al. (1999). "Toxic effects of octylphenol on cultured rat spermatogenic cells and Sertoli cells." Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 157(3): 192-202.

[289] Rhainds, M., P. Levallois, et al. (1999). "Lead, mercury, and organochlorine compound levels in cord blood in Quebec, Canada." Arch Environ Health 54(1): 40-7.

[290] Rimkus, G., B. Rimkus, et al. (1994). "Nitro musks in human adipose tissue and breast milk." Chemosphere 28(2): 421-432.

[291] Rimkus, G. G., R. Gatermann, et al. (1999). "Musk xylene and musk ketone amino metabolites in the aquatic environment." Toxicol Lett 111(1-2): 5-15.

[292] Rimkus, G. G. and M. Wolf (1996). "Polycyclic musk fragrances in human adipose tissue and human milk." Chemosphere 33(10): 2033-43.

[293] Roman BL, P. R. (1998). "In utero and lactational exposure of the male rat to 2,3,7,8- tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin impairs prostate development. 1. Effects on gene expression." Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 150: 240-53.

[294] Roman BL, T. B., Prins GS, Peterson RE. (1998). "In utero and lactational exposure of the male rat to 2,3,7,8- tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin impairs prostate development. 2. Effects on growth and cytodifferentiation." Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 150: 254-70.

[295] Rule K., E. V., Vikesland P. (2005). "Formation of Chloroform and Chlorinated Organics by Free-Chlorine-Mediated Oxidation of Triclosan." Environ. Sci. Technol. 39: 3176-3185.

[296] Russell, A. D. (2002). "Biocides and pharmacologically active drugs as residues and in the environment: is there a correlation with antibiotic resistance?" Am J Infect Control 30(8): 495-8.

[297] Ryan, C. A., G. F. Gerberick, et al. (2000). "Activity of human contact allergens in the murine local lymph node assay." Contact Dermatitis 43(2): 95-102.

[298] Ryan, J. J. (2004). "Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in maternal and cord blood plasma of several Northern Canadian Populations." Organohalogen Compounds 66: 7.

[299] Ryan, J. J., Z. Amirova, et al. (2002). "Sex ratios of children of Russian pesticide producers exposed to dioxin." Environ Health Perspect 110(11): A699-A701.

[300] Saito I, O. A., Seto H (2004). "Indoor air pollution by alkylphenols in Tokyo." Indoor Air 14(5): 8.

[301] Sakaue, M., S. Ohsako, et al. (2001). "Bisphenol A affects spermatogenesis in the adult rat even at low doses." Journal of Occupational Health 43: 185-190.

[302] Sanchez, C. A., K. S. Crump, et al. (2005). "Perchlorate and nitrate in leafy vegetables of North America." Environ Sci Technol. 39(24): 9391-7.

[303] Sandau, C. D., P. Ayotte, et al. (2002). "Pentachlorophenol and hydroxylated polychlorinated biphenyl metabolites in umbilical cord plasma of neonates from coastal populations in Quebec." Environ Health Perspect 110(4): 411-7.

[304] Satoh, K., K. Ohyama, et al. (2004). "Study on anti-androgenic effects of bisphenol a diglycidyl ether (BADGE), bisphenol F diglycidyl ether (BFDGE) and their derivatives using cells stably transfected with human androgen receptor, AR-EcoScreen." Food Chem Toxicol 42(6): 983-93.

[305] Schecter, A., O. Papke, et al. (2005). "Polybrominated diphenyl ether flame retardants in the U.S. population: current levels, temporal trends, and comparison with dioxins, dibenzofurans, and polychlorinated biphenyls." J Occup Environ Med 47(3): 199-211.

[306] Schell, J. D., Jr., R. A. Budinsky, et al. (2001). "PCBs and neurodevelopmental effects in Michigan children: an evaluation of exposure and dose characterization." Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 33(3): 300-12.

[307] Schonfelder, G., B. Flick, et al. (2002). "In utero exposure to low doses of bisphenol A lead to long-term deleterious effects in the vagina." Neoplasia 4(2): 98-102.

[308] Schonfelder, G., W. Wittfoht, et al. (2002). "Parent bisphenol A accumulation in the human maternal-fetal-placental unit." Environ Health Perspect 110(11): A703-7.

[309] Schreurs, R. H., E. Sonneveld, et al. (2005b). "Interaction of polycyclic musks and UV filters with the estrogen receptor (ER), androgen receptor (AR), and progesterone receptor (PR) in reporter gene bioassays." Toxicol Sci 83(2): 264-72.

[310] Schreurs, R. H., E. Sonneveld, et al. (2005a). "Examination of the in vitro (anti)estrogenic, (anti)androgenic and (anti)dioxin-like activities of tetralin, indane and isochroman derivatives using receptor-specific bioassays." Toxicol Lett 156(2): 261-75.

[311] Seinen, W., J. G. Lemmen, et al. (1999). "AHTN and HHCB show weak estrogenic--but no uterotrophic activity." Toxicol Lett 111(1-2): 161-8.

[312] Sinclair, E., D. T. Mayack, et al. (2006). "Occurrence of perfluoroalkyl surfactants in water, fish, and birds from New York State." Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 50(3): 398-410.

[313] Sinha, N., B Lal and TP Singh (1991). "Pesticides induced changes in circulating thyroid hormones in the freshwater catfish Clarias batrachus. ." Comp Biochem Physiol C 100((1-2)): 107-10.

[314] Sjodin, A. (2003). "A review on human exposure to brominated flame retardants--particularly polybrominated diphenyl ethers." Environ Int 29(6): 11.

[315] Sjodin, A., R. S. Jones, et al. (2004). "Retrospective time-trend study of polybrominated diphenyl ether and polybrominated and polychlorinated biphenyl levels in human serum from the United States." Environ Health Perspect 112(6): 654-8.

[316] Sjodin, A., D. G. Patterson, Jr., et al. (2001). "Brominated flame retardants in serum from U.S. blood donors." Environ Sci Technol 35(19): 3830-3.

[317] Sjodin, A., D. G. Patterson, Jr., et al. (2003). "A review on human exposure to brominated flame retardants--particularly polybrominated diphenyl ethers." Environ Int 29(6): 829-39.

[318] Smithwick, M., S. A. Mabury, et al. (2005). "Circumpolar study of perfluoroalkyl contaminants in polar bears (Ursus maritimus)." Environ Sci Technol 39(15): 5517-23.

[319] Soderstrom G., S. U., de Wit C.A., Tysklind M. (2004). "Photolytic debromination of decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE 209)." Environ Sci Technol 38(1): 6.

[320] Soechitram, S. D., M. Athanasiadou, et al. (2004). "Fetal exposure to PCBs and their hydroxylated metabolites in a Dutch cohort." Environ Health Perspect 112(11): 1208-12.

[321] Soong, Y. K., R. Tseng, et al. (1991). "Lead, cadmium, arsenic, and mercury levels in maternal and fetal cord blood." J Formos Med Assoc 90(1): 59-65.

[322] Soria, M. L., P. Sanz, et al. (1992). "Total mercury and methylmercury in hair, maternal and umbilical blood, and placenta from women in the Seville area." Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 48(4): 494-501.

[323] Stapleton H.M., B. B., Holbrook R.D., Mitchelmore C.L., Benedict R., Konstantinov A., Potter D. (2006). "In vivo and in vitro debromination of decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE 209) by juvenile rainbow trout and common carp." Environ Sci Technol 40(15): 6.

[324] Steinberg, P., T. Fischer, et al. (1999). "Acute hepatotoxicity of the polycyclic musk 7-acetyl-1,1,3,4,4,6-hexamethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphtaline (AHTN)." Toxicol Lett 111(1-2): 151-60.

[325] Stern, A. H. and A. E. Smith (2003). "An assessment of the cord blood:maternal blood methylmercury ratio: implications for risk assessment." Environ Health Perspect 111(12): 1465-70.

[326] Stewart, P., T. Darvill, et al. (1999). "Assessment of prenatal exposure to PCBs from maternal consumption of Great Lakes fish: an analysis of PCB pattern and concentration." Environ Res 80(2 Pt 2): S87-S96.

[327] Sugita-Konishi, Y., S. Shimura, et al. (2003). "Effect of Bisphenol A on non-specific immunodefenses against non-pathogenic Escherichia coli." Toxicol Lett 136(3): 217-27.

[328] Sugiura-Ogasawara, M., Y. Ozaki, et al. (2005). "Exposure to bisphenol A is associated with recurrent miscarriage." Hum Reprod 20(8): 2325-9.

[329] Suter-Eichenberger, R., H. Altorfer, et al. (1998). "Bioaccumulation of musk xylene (MX) in developing and adult rats of both sexes." Chemosphere 36(13): 2747-62.

[330] Suter-Eichenberger, R., U. A. Boelsterli, et al. (2000). "CYP 450 enzyme induction by chronic oral musk xylene in adult and developing rats." Toxicol Lett 115(1): 73-87.

[331] Suzuki, G., M. Nakano, et al. (2005). "Distribution of PCDDs/PCDFs and Co-PCBs in human maternal blood, cord blood, placenta, milk, and adipose tissue: dioxins showing high toxic equivalency factor accumulate in the placenta." Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 69(10): 1836-47.

[332] Takai, Y., O. Tsutsumi, et al. (2000). "Estrogen receptor-mediated effects of a xenoestrogen, bisphenol A, on preimplantation mouse embryos." Biochem Biophys Res Commun 270(3): 918-21.

[333] Takser, L., J. Lafond, et al. (2004). "Manganese levels during pregnancy and at birth: relation to environmental factors and smoking in a Southwest Quebec population." Environ Res 95(2): 119-25.

[334] Talsness, C., O. Fialkowski, et al. (2000). "The effects of low and high doses of bisphenol A on the reproductive system of female and male rat offspring." Congenital Anomalies 40: S94-S107.

[335] Thomas, G. O., M. Wilkinson, et al. (2006). "Organohalogen chemicals in human blood from the United Kingdom." Environ Pollut 141(1): 30-41.

[336] Tillmann, M., U. Schulte-Oehlmann, et al. (2001). "Effects of endocrine disruptors on prosobranch snails (Mollusca: Gastropoda) in the laboratory. Part III: Cyproterone acetate and vinclozolin as antiandrogens." Ecotoxicology 10(6): 373-88.

[337] Timms, B. G., K. L. Howdeshell, et al. (2005). "Estrogenic chemicals in plastic and oral contraceptives disrupt development of the fetal mouse prostate and urethra." Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102(19): 7014-9.

[338] Timms, B. G., R. E. Peterson, et al. (2002). "2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin interacts with endogenous estradiol to disrupt prostate gland morphogenesis in male rat fetuses." Toxicol Sci 67(2): 264-74.

[339] TNO (2004). Man-made chemicals in human blood. Apeldoorn, The Netherlands, TNO Built Environment and Geosciences: 1-33.

[340] TNO (2005). Man-made chemicals in maternal and cord blood. Apeldoorn, The Netherlands, TNO Built Environment and Geosciences: 1-39.

[341] Tsuchiya, H., K. Mitani, et al. (1984). "Placental transfer of heavy metals in normal pregnant Japanese women." Arch Environ Health 39(1): 11-7.

[342] Union, E. (2003). "DIRECTIVE 2003/53/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 18 June 2003 amending for the 26th time Council Directive 76/769/EEC relating to restrictions on the marketing and use of certain dangerous substances and preparations (nonylphenol, nonylphenol ethoxylate and cement)."

[343] USEPA (1999). Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) on Elemental Mercury. Washington, DC, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Center for Environmental Assessment, Office of Research and Development.

[344] Uter, W., R. Ruhl, et al. (2004). "Contact allergy in construction workers: results of a multifactorial analysis." Ann Occup Hyg 48(1): 21-7.

[345] Vahter, M., A. Akesson, et al. (2000). "Longitudinal study of methylmercury and inorganic mercury in blood and urine of pregnant and lactating women, as well as in umbilical cord blood." Environ Res 84(2): 186-94.

[346] Van de Vijver, K. I., P. Hoff, et al. (2005). "Tissue distribution of perfluorinated chemicals in harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) from the Dutch Wadden Sea." Environ Sci Technol 39(18): 6978-84.

[347] Veldhoen, N., R. C. Skirrow, et al. (2006). "The bactericidal agent triclosan modulates thyroid hormone-associated gene expression and disrupts postembryonic anuran development." Aquat Toxicol 80(3): 217-27.

[348] Viberg, H., A. Fredriksson, et al. (2003). "Neurobehavioral derangements in adult mice receiving decabrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE 209) during a defined period of neonatal brain development." Toxicol Sci 76(1): 112-20.

[349] Viberg, H., N. Johansson, et al. (2006). "Neonatal exposure to higher brominated diphenyl ethers, hepta-, octa-, or nonabromodiphenyl ether, impairs spontaneous behavior and learning and memory functions of adult mice." Toxicol Sci 92(1): 211-8.

[350] Viberg H, J. N., Fredriksson A, Eriksson J, Marsh G, Eriksson P. (2006). "Neonatal exposure to higher brominated diphenyl ethers, hepta-, octa-, or nonabromodiphenyl ether, impairs spontaneous behavior and learning and memory functions of adult mice." Toxicol Sci 92(1): 9.

[351] Viberg H., F. A., Eriksson P. (2006). "Changes in spontaneous behaviour and altered response to nicotine in the adult rat, after neonatal exposure to the brominated flame retardant, decabrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE 209)." Neurotoxicology Aug 23, 2006-advanced publication.

[352] Vogelgesang, J. and H. P. Thier (1986). "[Pesticide residues in foods ready for consumption]." Z Lebensm Unters Forsch 182(5): 400-6.

[353] vom Saal, F. and C. Hughes (2005). "An Extensive New Literature Concerning Low-Dose Effects of Bisphenol A Shows the Need for a New Risk Assessment." Environmental Health Perspectives 113(8): 926-933.

[354] vom Saal, F. S., P. S. Cooke, et al. (1998). "A physiologically based approach to the study of bisphenol A and other estrogenic chemicals on the size of reproductive organs, daily sperm production, and behavior." Toxicol Ind Health 14(1-2): 239-60.

[355] Waliszewski, S. M., A. A. Aguirre, et al. (2001). "Organochlorine pesticide levels in maternal adipose tissue, maternal blood serum, umbilical blood serum, and milk from inhabitants of Veracruz, Mexico." Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 40(3): 432-8.

[356] Wang, C., L. Huang, et al. (2004). "Blood lead levels of both mothers and their newborn infants in the middle part of China." Int J Hyg Environ Health 207(5): 431-6.

[357] Wang, S. L., C. Y. Lin, et al. (2004). "Infant exposure to polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans and biphenyls (PCDD/Fs, PCBs)--correlation between prenatal and postnatal exposure." Chemosphere 54(10): 1459-73.

[358] Warbrick, E. V., R. J. Dearman, et al. (2001). "Preliminary assessment of the skin sensitizing activity of selected rodent carcinogens using the local lymph node assay." Toxicology 163(1): 63-9.

[359] Warbrick, E. V., R. J. Dearman, et al. (1999). "Influence of application vehicle on skin sensitization to methylchloroisothiazolinone/methylisothiazolinone: an analysis using the local lymph node assay." Contact Dermatitis 41(6): 325-9.

[360] Warbrick, E. V., R. J. Dearman, et al. (2000). "Failure of vehicle to influence local lymph node assay response to benzocaine." Contact Dermatitis 42(3): 164-5.

[361] Warbrick, E. V., R. J. Dearman, et al. (2001). "Prediction of drug allergenicity: possible use of the local lymph node assay." Curr Opin Drug Discov Devel 4(1): 60-5.

[362] Warbrick, E. V., R. J. Dearman, et al. (1999). "Local lymph node assay responses to paraphenylenediamine: intra- and inter-laboratory evaluations." J Appl Toxicol 19(4): 255-60.

[363] Ward, E. M., Ruder, A.M., Suruda, A. (1994). "Cancer mortality patterns among female and male workers employed in a cable manufacturing plant during World War II." J Occup Med 36: 7.

[364] Ward, E. M., Ruder, A.M., Suruda, A. (1994). "Acute and chronic liver toxicity resulting from exposure to chlorinated naphthalenes at a cable manufacturing plant during World War II." JOEM 46(6): 12.

[365] Warner, M., B. Eskenazi, et al. (2002). "Serum dioxin concentrations and breast cancer risk in the Seveso Women's Health Study." Environ Health Perspect 110(7): 625-8.

[366] Warner M., E. B., Mocarelli P., Gerthoux P. M., Samuels S., Needham L., Patterson D., Brambilla P. (2002). "Serum dioxin concentrations and breast cancer risk in the Seveso Women's Health Study." Environ Health Perspect 110: 625-8.

[367] Weiss, J., Meijer, L., Sauer, P., Linderholm, L., Athanassisadis, L., Bergman, A. (2004). "PBDE and HBCDD levels in blood from Dutch monthers and infants." Organohalogen Compounds 66: 6.

[368] Weiss, J., O. Papke, et al. (2003). "Concentrations of dioxins and other organochlorines (PCBs, DDTs, HCHs) in human milk from Seveso, Milan and a Lombardian rural area in Italy: a study performed 25 years after the heavy dioxin exposure in Seveso." Acta Paediatr 92(4): 467-72.

[369] Welshons, W. V., K. A. Thayer, et al. (2003). "Large effects from small exposures. I. Mechanisms for endocrine-disrupting chemicals with estrogenic activity." Environ Health Perspect 111(8): 994-1006.

[370] Weltje, L., F. S. vom Saal, et al. (2005). "Reproductive stimulation by low doses of xenoestrogens contrasts with the view of hormesis as an adaptive response." Hum Exp Toxicol 24(9): 431-7.

[371] Wetherill, Y. B., C. E. Petre, et al. (2002). "The xenoestrogen bisphenol A induces inappropriate androgen receptor activation and mitogenesis in prostatic adenocarcinoma cells." Mol Cancer Ther 1(7): 515-24.

[372] Wine, R. N., L. H. Li, et al. (1997). "Reproductive toxicity of di-n-butylphthalate in a continuous breeding protocol in Sprague-Dawley rats." Environ Health Perspect 105(1): 102-7.

[373] Wolff M.S., T. S. L., Windham G., Pinney S.M., Britton J.A., Chelimo C, Godbold J, Biro F., Kushi L.H., Pfeiffer C.M., Calafat A.M., (2006). "Pilot Study Of Urinary Biomarkers of Phytoestrogens, Phthalates, and Phenols In Girls." Environmental Health Perspectives advanced copy.

[374] Wollenberger, L., M. Breitholtz, et al. (2003). "Inhibition of larval development of the marine copepod Acartia tonsa by four synthetic musk substances." Sci Total Environ 305(1-3): 53-64.

[375] WWF (2003). "Bad Blood? A Survey of Chemicals in the Blood of European Ministers."

[376] Xiaoyun Ye, Z. K., Larry L. Needham, Antonia M. Calafat (2006). "Measuring environmental phenols and chlorinated organic chemicals in breast milk using automated on-line column-switching-high performance liquid chromatography-isotope dilution tandem mass spectrometry." Journal of Chromatography B, 831: 6.

[377] Yamada, H., I. Furuta, et al. (2002). "Maternal serum and amniotic fluid bisphenol A concentrations in the early second trimester." Reprod Toxicol 16(6): 735-9.

[378] Ye X., K. Z., Needham L.L., Calafat A.M. (2006). "Measuring environmental phenols and chlorinated organic chemicals in breast milk using automated on-line column-switching-high performance liquid chromatography-isotope dilution tandem mass spectrometry." Journal of Chromatography B, 831: 6.

[379] Yoshida, M., S. Katsuda, et al. (2001). "Effects of neonatal exposure to a high-dose p-tert-octylphenol on the male reproductive tract in rats." Toxicol Lett 121(1): 21-33.

[380] Zhou, J., D. J. Chen, et al. (2006). "[Impact of PBDE-209 exposure during pregnancy and lactation on immune function of offspring rats]." Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao 26(6): 738-41.