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Toxic Stew

What’s in Fracking Wastewater


March 10, 2015

Toxic Stew: References

ANL (Argonne National Laboratory). 2009. Produced Water Volumes and Management Practices in the United States. ANL/EVS/R-09/1. Available:http://www.ipd.anl.gov/anlpubs/2009/07/64622.pdf

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Bohlen S, State Oil & Gas Supervisor, personal communication to EWG. Feb. 4, 2015.

Bohlen S and Bishop J, letter to Jane Diamond, Region IX EPA, Feb. 6, 2015.

CCST (California Council on Science and Technology). 2015. Public Webinar on Release of CCST's Scientific Review of Oil and Gas Development Technologies in California – Volume 1. January 14, 2015. Available:  http://ccst.us/projects/hydraulic_fracturing_public/SB4.php

CCST (California Council on Science and Technology and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory). 2015. An Independent Scientific Assessment of Well Stimulation in California: Well Stimulation Technologies and their Past, Present, and Potential Future Use in California. Volume 1. Available: http://www.ccst.us/publications/2015/2015SB4-v1.pdf

CDC (US Center for Disease Control and Prevention). 2012. About Lead in Drinking Water. Available: http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead/leadinwater/

CWA (Clean Water Action). 2014. In The Pits: Oil and Gas Wastewater Disposal into Open Unlined pits and the Threat to California’s Water and Air. Available:
http://cleanwateraction.org/files/publications/In the Pits.pdf

DeSimone LA, McMahon PB, and Rosen MR, 2014. The quality of our Nation’s waters—Water quality in Principal Aquifers of the United States, 1991–2010: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1360, 151 p., Available: http://pubs.usgs.gov/circ/1360/pdf/circ1360report.pdf

DOGGR. (Division of Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Resources). 2015. Interim Well Stimulation Treatment Notices Index. Available: http://maps.conservation.ca.gov/doggr/iwst_index.html [Accessed January 5, 2015]

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[Accessed January 5, 2015]

EWG (Environmental Working Group). 2012. California regulators: See no fracking, speak no fracking. Available: http://static.ewg.org/reports/2012/fracking/ca_fracking/ca_regulators_see_no_fracking.pdf

FracFocus.org. 2015. Find a Well. Available: http://www.fracfocusdata.org/DisclosureSearch/
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GAO (United State Governmental Accountability Office). 2014. Drinking Water: EPA Program to Protect Underground Sources from Injection of Fluids Associated with Oil and Gas Production Needs Improvement. GAO-14-555. Available: http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/664499.pdf

Haas B, Polson J, Elgin B. 2012. Fracking Hazards Obscured in Failure to Disclose Wells. Bloomberg Business. August 14, 2012. Available: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2012-08-14/fracking-hazards-obscured-in-failure-to-disclose-wells

OEHHA (California Office of Health Hazard Assessment). 2015. Cadmium Fact Sheet. Available: http://oehha.ca.gov/public_info/facts/cd_facts.html  [Accessed February 10, 2015]

OEHHA (California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment). 2015. Proposition 65 list of chemicals dated January 23, 2015. Available:

OEHHA (California Office of Health Hazard Assessment). 2015. Public Health Goals.
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OEHHA (California Office of Health Hazard Assessment). 2003. Public Health Goals for Barium in Drinking water. Available: http://oehha.ca.gov/water/phg/pdf/Ph4Ba092603.pdf

OEHHA (California Office of Health Hazard Assessment). 2004. Draft Public Health Goal for Radium-226 and 228 in Drinking Water. Available: http://oehha.ca.gov/water/phg/pdf/draft_radium.pdf

Senate Bill 4 (Pavley). 2013. Available at: http://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/billNavClient.xhtml?bill_id=201320140SB4

SWRCB (State Water Resources Control Board). 2015. Maximum Contaminant Levels. Available: http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/drinking_water/certlic/drinkingwater/documents/dwdocuments/MCLsEPAvsDWP-2014-07-01.pdf  [Accessed January 5, 2015]

UC Davis School of Law. 2014. Senate Bill 4: A Past and Future Look at Regulating Hydraulic Fracturing in California. Available: https://law.ucdavis.edu/centers/environmental/files/CELPC-SB4-report.pdf

US EPA (United States Environmental Protection Agency) 2010. Hydraulic Fracturing Research Study. Science in Action. EPA/600/F-10/002. Available: http://www.epa.gov/ogwdw000/uic/pdfs/hfresearchstudyfs.pdf

USGS (United States Geological Survey). 2014. Oil, Gas, and Groundwater Quality in California – a discussion of issues relevant to monitoring the effects of well stimulation at regional scales. California Water Science Center. Available: http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/water_issues/programs/groundwater/sb4/docs/usgs_discussion_paper.pdf

White JB. 2015. California oil regulator cites ‘serious concerns’ on data collection. The Sacramento Bee, Feb. 11, 2015. Available: http://www.sacbee.com/news/politics-government/capitol-alert/article9767951.html