High Levels of Toxic Industrial Chemicals Contaminate Cats And Dogs
Polluted Pets: References
Armstrong D. 2008. For FDA, Congress Readies a Bitter Pill. CQ Weekly (April 7): 867-77.
AVMA (American Veterinary Medical Association). 2007. Pet Food Recall Frequently Asked Questions. Available: http://www.avma.org/aa/petfoodrecall/faq.asp [accessed April 10 2008].
Barrett JR. 2007. Diet & nutrition: hyperactive ingredients? Environ Health Perspect 115(12): A578.
Bertone ER, Snyder LA, Moore AS. 2002. Environmental tobacco smoke and risk of malignant lymphoma in pet cats. Am J Epidemiol 156(3): 268-73.
Bertone ER, Snyder LA, Moore AS. 2003. Environmental and lifestyle risk factors for oral squamous cell carcinoma in domestic cats. J Vet Intern Med 17(4): 557-62.
Betts K. 2007. PBDEs, cats, and children. Environ Sci Technol 41(18): 6319-20. Blandford TB, Seamon PJ, Hughes R, Pattison M, Wilderspin MP. 1975. A case of polytetrafluoroethylene poisoning in cockatiels accompanied by polymer fume fever in the owner. Vet Rec 96(8): 175-8.
Bornehag CG, Sundell J, Weschler CJ, Sigsgaard T, Lundgren B, Hasselgren M, et al. 2004. The association between asthma and allergic symptoms in children and phthalates in house dust: a nested case-control study. Environ Health Perspect 112(14): 1393-7.
Booth J. 2007. Eli Lilly launches first Prozac for dogs. Times Online April 25, 2007. Available: http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/science/article1705299.ece [accessed April 15 2008].
Brody JG, Rudel RA, Michels KB, Moysich KB, Bernstein L, Attfield KR, et al. 2007. Environmental pollutants, diet, physical activity, body size, and breast cancer: where do we stand in research to identify opportunities for prevention? Cancer 109(12 Suppl): 2627-34.
Bukowski JA, Wartenberg D. 1997. An alternative approach for investigating the carcinogenicity of indoor air pollution: pets as sentinels of environmental cancer risk. Environ Health Perspect 105(12): 1312-9.
Burns K. 2007a. Chief executive officers testify about recall of pet food. J Am Vet Med Assoc 230(11): 1600-04.
Burns K. 2007b. Recall shines spotlight on pet foods. J Am Vet Med Assoc 230(9): 1285-8.
Casteel SW. 2001. Metal toxicosis in horses. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 17(3): 517-27. CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). 2007. Toy Jewelry and Childhood Lead Exposure. Available: http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead/faq/jewelry.htm [accessed April 10 2008].
CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). 2008. Lead Recalls: Toys. Available: http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead/Recalls/toys.htm [accessed April 10 2008].
Christopher MM, Perman V, Eaton JW. 1989. Contribution of propylene glycol-induced Heinz body formation to anemia in cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc 194(8): 1045-56.
Colt JS, Lubin J, Camann D, Davis S, Cerhan J, Severson RK, et al. 2004. Comparison of pesticide levels in carpet dust and self-reported pest treatment practices in four US sites. J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 14(1): 74-83.
CPSC (U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission). 2007. Who We Are - What We Do for You. Available: http://www.cpsc.gov/cpscpub/pubs/103.html [accessed April 4 2008].
Darbre PD. 2006. Environmental oestrogens, cosmetics and breast cancer. Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 20(1): 121-43.
Dorn CR, Taylor DO, Frye FL, Hibbard HH. 1968. Survey of animal neoplasms in Alameda and Contra Costa Counties, California. I. Methodology and description of cases. J Natl Cancer Inst 40(2): 295-305.
Dorn CR, Taylor DO, Schneider R, Hibbard HH, Klauber MR. 1968. Survey of animal neoplasms in Alameda and Contra Costa Counties, California. II. Cancer morbidity in dogs and cats from Alameda County. J Natl Cancer Inst 40(2): 307-18.
Dye JA, Venier M, Zhu L, Ward CR, Hites RA, Birnbaum LS. 2007. Elevated PBDE levels in pet cats: sentinels for humans? Environ Sci Technol 41(18): 6350-6.
Dzanis DA. 1991. Safety of ethoxyquin in dog foods. J Nutr 121(11 Suppl): S163-4.
Edinboro CH, Scott-Moncrieff JC, Janovitz E, Thacker HL, Glickman LT. 2004. Epidemiologic study of relationships between consumption of commercial canned food and risk of hyperthyroidism in cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc 224(6): 879-86.
Edlich RF, Winters KL, Long WB, 3rd. 2005. Treated wood preservatives linked to aquatic damage, human illness, and death--a societal problem. J Long Term Eff Med Implants 15(2): 209-23.
EWG (Environmental Working Group). 2007. EWG Research Shows 22 Percent of All Cosmetics May Be Contaminated With Cancer-Causing Impurity. Available: http://www.ewg.org/node/21286 [accessed April 11 2008].
EWG (Environmental Working Group). 2003a. Canaries in the kitchen: teflon toxicosis. Washington, DC. Available: http://www.ewg.org/reports/toxicteflon [accessed April 8 2008].
EWG (Environmental Working Group). 2003b. EWG Petition to the CPSC. Available: http://www.ewg.org/reports/toxicteflon [accessed April 4 2008].
EWG (Environmental Working Group). 2003c. PFCs: A chemical family that contaminates the planet. Available: http://www.ewg.org/reports/pfcworld [accessed April 8 2008].
FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 1993. A Fresh Look at Food Preservatives. Available: http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~dms/fdpreser.html [accessed April 10 2008].
FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 1996a. 21 CFR section 573.380 Ethoxyquin in animal feeds. [accessed April 4, 2008 at http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/CFRSearch.cfm?fr=573.380].
FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 1996b. 21 CFR section 582.1666 Propylene glycol. [accessed April 4, 2008 at http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/CFRSearch.cfm?fr=582.1666].
FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 1997. FDA requests that ethoxyquin levels be reduced in dog foods. Available: http://www.fda.gov/cvm/september97.htm#2728 [accessed March 26 2008].
FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2002. Keeping the Nation's Food Supply Safe: FDA's Big Job Done Well. Available: http://www.fda.gov/opacom/factsheets/justthefacts/2cfsan.html [accessed April 2 2008].
FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2007a. FDA's ongoing pet food investigation. Available: http://www.fda.gov/consumer/updates/petfoodrecallup.html [accessed March 28 2008].
FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2007b. FDA Advises Consumers to Avoid Toothpaste From China Containing Harmful Chemical. Available: http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/NEWS/2007/NEW01646.html [accessed April 10 2008].
FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2007c. How Safe are Color Additives? Available: http://www.fda.gov/consumer/updates/coloradditives121007.html [accessed April 10 2008].
FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. Pet Food Recall (Melamine)/Tainted Animal Feed. Available: http://www.fda.gov/oc/opacom/hottopics/petfood.html [accessed March 26 2008].
FDA CVM (U.S. Food and Drug Administration Center for Veterinary Medicine). 2000a. Mission Statement. Available: http://www.fda.gov/cvm/mission.htm [accessed April 2 2008].
FDA CVM (U.S. Food and Drug Administration Center for Veterinary Medicine). 2000b. Vision Statement. Available: http://www.fda.gov/cvm/visionstatement.htm [accessed April 2 2008].
FDA CVM (U.S. Food and Drug Administration Center for Veterinary Medicine). 2007a. FDA's Regulation of Pet Food. Available: http://www.fda.gov/cvm/petfoodflier.html [accessed March 17 2008].
FDA CVM (U.S. Food and Drug Administration Center for Veterinary Medicine). 2007b. Interpreting Pet Food Labels. Available: http://www.fda.gov/cvm/petlabel.htm [accessed March 25 2008]. FDA CVM (U.S.
Food and Drug Administration Center for Veterinary Medicine). 2007c. Interpreting Pet Food Labels - Special Use Foods. Available: http://www.fda.gov/cvm/labelint.htm [accessed April 11 2008].
Filby AL, Neuparth T, Thorpe KL, Owen R, Galloway TS, Tyler CR. 2007. Health impacts of estrogens in the environment, considering complex mixture effects. Environ Health Perspect 115(12): 1704-10.
Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act. 2007. Elements of the Human and Pet Food Safety Act of 2007 were enacted in the Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007, Public Law 110–85—Sept. 27, 2007.
Glickman LT, Domanski LM, Maguire TG, Dubielzig RR, Churg A. 1983. Mesothelioma in pet dogs associated with exposure of their owners to asbestos. Environ Res 32(2): 305-13.
Glickman LT, Raghavan M, Knapp DW, Bonney PL, Dawson MH. 2004. Herbicide exposure and the risk of transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder in Scottish Terriers. J Am Vet Med Assoc 224(8): 1290-7.
Glickman LT, Schofer FS, McKee LJ, Reif JS, Goldschmidt MH. 1989. Epidemiologic study of insecticide exposures, obesity, and risk of bladder cancer in household dogs. J Toxicol Environ Health 28(4): 407-14.
Gunn-Moore D. 2005. Feline endocrinopathies. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 35(1): 171-210.
Harbison ML, Godleski JJ. 1983. Malignant mesothelioma in urban dogs. Vet Pathol 20(5): 531-40. Hayes HM, Jr., Hoover R, Tarone RE. 1981. Bladder cancer in pet dogs: a sentinel for environmental cancer? Am J Epidemiol 114(2): 229-33.
Hayes HM, Tarone RE, Cantor KP. 1995. On the association between canine malignant lymphoma and opportunity for exposure to 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid. Environ Res 70(2): 119-25.
Hayes HM, Tarone RE, Cantor KP, Jessen CR, McCurnin DM, Richardson RC. 1991. Case-control study of canine malignant lymphoma: positive association with dog owner's use of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid herbicides. J Natl Cancer Inst 83(17): 1226-31.
Hayes HM, Tarone RE, Casey HW. 1995. A cohort study of the effects of Vietnam service on testicular pathology of U.S. military working dogs. Mil Med 160(5): 248-55.
Hayes HM, Tarone RE, Casey HW, Huxsoll DL. 1990. Excess of seminomas observed in Vietnam service U.S. military working dogs. J Natl Cancer Inst 82(12): 1042-6.
Hayes T, Haston K, Tsui M, Hoang A, Haeffele C, Vonk A. 2002. Herbicides: feminization of male frogs in the wild. Nature 419(6910): 895-6.
Hayes TB, Case P, Chui S, Chung D, Haeffele C, Haston K, et al. 2006. Pesticide mixtures, endocrine disruption, and amphibian declines: are we underestimating the impact? Environ Health Perspect 114 Suppl 1: 40-50.
Horwitz DF. 2001. Behavior Problems in Senior Dogs. Atlantic Coast Veterinary Conference 2001. Available: http://www.vin.com/vindbpub/searchpb/proceedings/pr05000/pr00315.htm [accessed April 15 2008].
Hughes KL, Slater MR, Geller S, Burkholder WJ, Fitzgerald C. 2002. Diet and lifestyle variables as risk factors for chronic renal failure in pet cats. Prev Vet Med 55(1): 1-15.
Irigaray P, Newby JA, Clapp R, Hardell L, Howard V, Montagnier L, et al. 2007. Lifestyle-related factors and environmental agents causing cancer: an overview. Biomed Pharmacother 61(10): 640-58.
Kang JH, Kondo F. 2003. Determination of bisphenol A in canned pet foods. Res Vet Sci 73: 177-182.
Kass PH, Peterson ME, Levy J, James K, Becker DV, Cowgill LD. 1999. Evaluation of environmental, nutritional, and host factors in cats with hyperthyroidism. J Vet Intern Med 13(4): 323-9.
Kelsey JL, Moore AS, Glickman LT. 1998. Epidemiologic studies of risk factors for cancer in pet dogs. Epidemiol Rev 20(2): 204-17.
Knight TE, Kumar MS. 2003. Lead toxicosis in cats-a review. J Feline Med Surg 5(5): 249-55.
Khan BI, Solo-Gabriele HM, Townsend TG, Cai Y. 2006. Release of arsenic to the environment from CCA-treated wood. 1. Leaching and speciation during service. Environ Sci Technol 40(3): 988-93.
Knight TE, Kumar MS. 2003. Lead toxicosis in cats-a review. J Feline Med Surg 5(5): 249-55.
Koya G. 1964. [Experimental Study on Etiology of Minamata Disease, Especially on Intoxication of Methylmercuric Sulfide Compounds in Cats].
Kumamoto Igakkai Zasshi 38: 100-39. Kucera E. 1988. Dogs as indicators of urban lead distribution. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 10(1): 51-57.
Landrigan PJ. 2001. Children's environmental health. Lessons from the past and prospects for the future. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2001 48(5): 1319-30. Linnett PJ. 2008. Permethrin toxicosis in cats. Aust Vet J 86(1-2): 32-5.
Marino PE, Landrigan PJ, Graef J, Nussbaum A, Bayan G, Boch K, et al. 1990. A case report of lead paint poisoning during renovation of a Victorian farmhouse. Am J Public Health 80(10): 1183-5.
Martin KM, Rossing MA, Ryland LM, DiGiacomo RF, Freitag WA. 2000. Evaluation of dietary and environmental risk factors for hyperthyroidism in cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc 217(6): 853-6.
McCann D, Barrett A, Cooper A, Crumpler D, Dalen L, Grimshaw K, et al. 2007. Food additives and hyperactive behaviour in 3-year-old and 8/9-year-old children in the community: a randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial. Lancet 370(9598): 1560-7.
McCann KJ, Ottensmeier CH, Callard A, Radcliffe CM, Harvey DJ, Dwek RA, et al. 2008. Remarkable selective glycosylation of the immunoglobulin variable region in follicular lymphoma. Mol Immunol 45(6): 1567-72.
McDuffie HH, Pahwa P, McLaughlin JR, Spinelli JJ, Fincham S, Dosman JA, et al. 2001. Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and specific pesticide exposures in men: cross-Canada study of pesticides and health. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 10(11): 1155-63.
Miller S, Bauk TJ. 1992. Lead toxicosis in a group of cats. J Vet Diagn Invest 4(3): 362-3.
Morgan MK, Sheldon LS, Thomas KW, Egeghy PP, Croghan CW, Jones PA, et al. 2008. Adult and children's exposure to 2,4-D from multiple sources and pathways. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol. in press
Morgan RV. 1994. Lead poisoning in small companion animals: an update (1987-1992). Vet Hum Toxicol 36(1): 18-22.
Muraki K. 1965. [Experimental studies on the cause of Minamata disease in the cat. (2). Hg content of organs chronically intoxicated with fish and Hg-ethyl phosphates]. Nippon Yakurigaku Zasshi 61(4): 269-78.
National Research Council (NRC). 1991. Animals as Sentinels of Environmental Health Hazards. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.
Newman SJ, Smith SA. 2006. Marine mammal neoplasia: a review. Vet Pathol 43(6): 865-80.
Nolen RS. 2007. Congress strengthens pet food safety regulations. J Am Vet Med Assoc 231(9): 1320-1.
Olczak J, Jones BR, Pfeiffer DU, Squires RA, Morris RS, Markwell PJ. 2005. Multivariate analysis of risk factors for feline hyperthyroidism in New Zealand. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 53 (10): 53-8.
Overall KL, Dunham AE. 2002. Clinical features and outcome in dogs and cats with obsessive-compulsive disorder: 126 cases (1989-2000). J Am Vet Med Assoc 221 (10): 1445-52.
Paoloni MC, Khanna C. 2007. Comparative oncology today. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 37(6): 1023-32. Paoloni M, Khanna C. 2008. Translation of new cancer treatments from pet dogs to humans. Nat Rev Cancer 8(2): 147-56.
Peterson ME, Ward CR. 2007. Etiopathologic findings of hyperthyroidism in cats. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 37(4): 633-45, v.
Potera C. 2007. Chemical exposures: cats as sentinel species. Environ Health Perspect 115(12): A580. Prescott CW. 1983. Clinical findings in dogs and cats with lead poisoning. Aust Vet J 60(9): 270-1.
Purdue University Department of Veterinary Pathobiology. 2000. Breed Health Surveys. Available http://www.vet.purdue.edu/epi/ [accessed April 15 2008]
Reif JS. 2006. The epidemiology of cancer in pet animals. In: Small Animal Clinical Oncology (Withrow SJ, Vail DM, eds). Amsterdam: Elsevier, 68-76.
Reif JS, Bruns C, Lower KS. 1998. Cancer of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke in pet dogs. Am J Epidemiol 147(5): 488-92.
Reif JS, Dunn K, Ogilvie GK, Harris CK. 1992. Passive smoking and canine lung cancer risk. Am J Epidemiol 135(3): 234-9.
Reynolds PM, Reif JS, Ramsdell HS, Tessari JD. 1994. Canine exposure to herbicide-treated lawns and urinary excretion of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 3(3): 233-7.
Roza MR, Viegas CA. 2007. The dog as a passive smoker: effects of exposure to environmental cigarette smoke on domestic dogs. Nicotine Tob Res 9(11): 1171-6.
Schilling RJ, Steele GK, Harris AE, Donahue JF, Ing RT. 1988. Canine serum levels of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs): a pilot study to evaluate the use of animal sentinels in environmental health. Arch Environ Health 43(3): 218-21.
Seidel WC, Scherer KV, Jr., Cline D, Jr., Olson AH, Bonesteel JK, Church DF, et al. 1991. Chemical, physical, and toxicological characterization of fumes produced by heating tetrafluoroethene homopolymer and its copolymers with hexafluoropropene and perfluoro(propyl vinyl ether). Chem Res Toxicol 4(2): 229-36.
Shusterman DJ. 1993. Polymer fume fever and other fluorocarbon pyrolysis-related syndromes. Occup Med 8(3): 519-31.
Stapleton HM, Dodder NG, Offenberg JH, Schantz MM, Wise SA. 2005. Polybrominated diphenyl ethers in house dust and clothes dryer lint. Environ Sci Technol 39(4): 925-31.
Syverson D. 2007a. Association of American Feed Control Officials Pet Food Committee: How Pet Food is Regulated. Available: http://www.aafco.org/OtherInformation/tabid/73/Default.aspx [accessed April 2, 2008].
Syverson D. 2007b. Association of American Feed Control Officials Pet Food Committee: Questions and Answers Concerning Pet Food Regulation. Available: http://www.aafco.org/OtherInformation/tabid/73/Default.aspx [accessed April 2, 2008].
Texas A&M Veterinary Medical Center. 2008. What is the incidence of cancer in our pets? Available: http://www.cvm.tamu.edu/oncology/faq/FAQ.html [accessed March 29 2008].
Thomas CW, Rising JL, Moore JK. 1975. Blood lead concentrations in three groups of dogs from a suburban Illinois community. J Am Vet Med Assoc 167(11): 995-9.
Thomas CW, Rising JL, Moore JK. 1976. Blood lead concentrations of children and dogs from 83 Illinois families. J Am Vet Med Assoc 169(11): 1237-40.
Tsuchiya K. 1992. The discovery of the causal agent of Minamata disease. Am J Ind Med 21(2): 275-80.
van der Schalie WH, Gardner HS, Jr., Bantle JA, De Rosa CT, Finch RA, Reif JS, et al. 1999. Animals as sentinels of human health hazards of environmental chemicals. Environ Health Perspect 107(4): 309-15.
von Lindern IH, Spalinger SM, Bero BN, Petrosyan V, von Braun MC. 2003. The influence of soil remediation on lead in house dust. Sci Total Environ 303(1-2): 59-78.
Waters DJ, Wildasin K. 2006. Cancer clues from pet dogs. Sci Am 295(November 12): 94-101.
Wells RE. 1983. Fatal toxicosis in pet birds caused by an overheated cooking pan lined with polytetrafluoroethylene. J Am Vet Med Assoc 182(11): 1248-50.
Wormuth M, Scheringer M, Vollenweider M, Hungerbuhler K. 2006. What are the sources of exposure to eight frequently used phthalic acid esters in Europeans? Risk Anal 26(3): 803-24.
Ylitalo GM, Stein JE, Hom T, Johnson LL, Tilbury KL, Hall AJ, et al. 2005. The role of organochlorines in cancer-associated mortality in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). Mar Pollut Bull 50(1): 30-9.