Table: Waste Generated via Relicensing
Marks the Spot: Table: Waste Generated via Relicensing
The 20-year license extension at the Calvert Cliffs nuclear plant guarantees thousands more metric tons of lethal nuclear waste and prolonged on-site storage.
Source: EWG Action Fund analysis of the DOE Yucca EIS, Appendix A. "Currently on-site" is calculated by taking DOE's figure for actual waste on-site in 1995 and adding the amount of waste DOE reports will be generated by each reactor between 1996 and 2011. "Current license waste generated" is calculated by taking each plant's actual waste on-site in 1995 and adding the following product: the plant's yearly rate of waste generation from 1996 to 2011, as reported by DOE, multiplied by the the number of years the plant will operate past 1995 under its current license. "License extension waste generated" adds "current license waste generated" to the product of waste generated per year and the number of years for which the plant has been, or will be, relicensed.
The Calvert Cliffs Nuclear Reactor/Dump Site is located on 2,100 acres in Lusby, Maryland. The site contains two reactors (DOE U.S. Reactors 2004, Constellation Energy 2004). According to the U.S. Department of Energy, Calvert Cliffs currently has an estimated 923 metric tons of nuclear waste on site and is generating nuclear waste at a rate of 31 metric tons per year (DOE Yucca EIS Table A-7).
On March 23, 2000, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission issued a new license for both of Calvert Cliffs' reactors for an extra 20 years. The reactors, which had licenses set to expire in 2014 and 2016, respectively, now have licenses to operate until 2034 and 2036, respectively (NRC Relicensing 2004). During this time period, the reactors will generate an additional 626 metric tons of nuclear waste combined. Under current law, Yucca Mountain, the nation's designated nuclear waste repository, will not be able to accept any of the 626 metric tons (DOE Yucca EIS Table A-7, USCS 2004).
Current and future waste from Calvert Cliffs would likely have to be transported by truck before it could be loaded onto a rail car and hauled to Yucca Mountain. Rail is the Department of Energy's preferred means of transporting nuclear waste to Yucca Mountain (DOE Rail Decision 2004). Rail is thought to be safer because rail cars can carry heavier casks with thicker protective shielding. It is not clear whether the lighter weight, less secure, truck casks will simply be loaded onto train cars and shipped through Maryland, or whether an attempt will be made to use safer rail casks for transport to Nevada. DOE has also raised the possibility that waste might be transported from Calvert Cliffs by barge and then loaded onto trains (DOE Yucca EIS, J-76, J-79)
Map of the Calvert Cliffs Nuclear Reactor/Dump Site
Nuclear waste routes as selected by the Dept. of Energy for its analysis of the proposed nuclear dump at Yucca Mountain in Nevada.
Constellation Energy (Constellation Energy). 2004. Power Generation, Calvert Cliffs Nuclear Power Plant. Accessed online October 6, 2004 at http://www.constellation.com/generation/ccnpp.asp.
Duke Power (Duke Power). 2004. Catawba Nuclear Station Sets Company Record. September 13, 2004. Accessed online October 6, 2004 at http://www.duke-energy.com/news/releases/2004/sep/2004091301.asp.
Public Service Enterprise Group (PSEG). 2004. Our Family of Companies, The Peach Bottom Atomic Energy Station. Accessed online October 6, 2004 at http://www.pseg.com/companies/nuclear/peachbottom.html.
U.S. Code Service (USCS 2004). 42 USCS ¤ 10134(d) 2004.
U.S. Department of Energy (DOE Reactor Finder). 2004. Map of the United States Showing Locations of Operating Nuclear Power Reactors. Accessed online October 7, 2004 at http://www.nrc.gov/info-finder/reactor/.
U.S. Department of Energy (DOE U.S. Reactors). 2004. U.S. Nuclear Reactors, Turkey Point. Accessed online October 5, 2004 at http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/nuclear/page/at_a_glance/reactors/states.html.
U.S. Department of Energy, Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC Relicensing 2004). Accessed online October 5, 2004 at http://www.nrc.gov/reactors/operating/licensing/renewal/applications.html.
U.S. Department of Energy (DOE Yucca EIS Table A-7). 2002. Final Environmental Impact Statement for a Geologic Repository for the Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste at Yucca Mountain, Nye County, Nevada, Appendix A, Table A-7. February 2002.
U.S. Department of Energy (DOE Rail Decision). 2004. Record of Decision on Mode of Transportation and Nevada Rail Corridor for the Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste at Yucca Mountain, Nye County, NV. 69 F.R. 18557 (Apr. 8, 2004).