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EWG's Healthy Home Tips

Tip 9 - Use greener cleaners and avoid pesticides.

EWG's Healthy Home Tips: Tip 9 - Use greener cleaners and avoid pesticides.

Cleaning might be a chore, but it doesn't have to be toxic, too! Safer products and practices are available and easy. Why not go green when you clean? Your family's health is (naturally) worth it.

  1. Why you should clean greener
  2. How to choose greener cleaning supplies
  3. How to clean greener at home
  4. Why and how to find alternatives to in-home pesticides

1. Why you should clean greener

It's straightforward: There are health risks associated with many conventional cleaning products. These products can contain ingredients linked to asthma, cancer, reproductive toxicity, hormone disruption, neurotoxicity and other health effects. People who use or are around cleaning products at home or on the job may increase their risk of developing asthma or triggering asthma attacks.

Children accidentally exposed to harsh, corrosive cleaners can suffer burns to skin and eyes, and inhaling the fumes can cause lung damage. Exposure to low levels of these chemicals over a lifetime may increase the risk of developing serious health conditions, such as cancer or reproductive problems.

2. How to choose greener cleaning supplies

To pick a safer cleaner, you need to:

Find out what's in your cleaning supplies.
If you want to know what ingredients are in your cleaning products, you probably won't find them on the label. The government doesn't require that cleaning products carry a list of ingredients, or even that products and ingredients are tested for health and safety. Use EWG's Guide to Healthy Cleaning to see what's in your cleaners and to find safer alternatives.

Once you know the ingredients, you should avoid these seven:

  • 2-butoxyethanol (or ethylene glycol monobutyl ether) and other glycol ethers
  • Alkylphenol ethoxylates (some common ones are: nonyl- and octylphenol ethoxylates, or non- and octoxynols)
  • Dye (companies often hide chemical information behind this word; when it's unknown, it's safer to skip it)
  • Ethanolamines (common ones to look out for are: mono-, di-, and tri-ethanolamine)
  • Fragrance
  • Pine or citrus oil (on smoggy or high ozone days, compounds in the oils can react with ozone in the air to form the carcinogenic chemical formaldehyde)
  • Quaternary ammonium compounds (look out for these: alkyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride (ADBAC), benzalkonium chloride, and didecyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride)

3. Tips for cleaning greener at home

Do them all today or take it step by step -- whatever works to get you cleaning greener!

  • Less is more: Dilute your cleaning supplies according to instructions and use only what's needed to get the job done.
  • Open the window: Clean with windows and doors open so you don't trap air pollution inside your home.
  • Use gloves and other precautions: Cleaning chemicals may harm or penetrate skin and eyes -- check warning labels.
  • Keep kids away: Children are more vulnerable to toxic chemicals. If they like to help, let them clean with soap and water, not toxic cleaners.
  • Avoid "antibacterial": If your family is generally healthy, there's no need to use potentially toxic "antibacterial" products, according to the American Medical Association. Wash your hands with plain soap and water.
  • Never mix bleach with ammonia, vinegar, or other acids: These combinations can produce deadly gases.
  • Don't be fooled by labels -- buy certified green products: Label claims aren't always true. Cleaning supplies certified by Green Seal or EcoLogo meet green standards.
  • Try natural alternatives: Experiment with non-toxic options like vinegar (great for windows when diluted with a little water -- wipe with old newspaper or rags) and baking soda (mix with water to form a paste for scrubbing). Of course mix with care; some ingredients are dangerous when combined. Get EWG's DIY Cleaning Guide filled with recipes and easy tips on how to make your own non-toxic cleaners.
  • Take care with pine and citrus oil cleaners: Avoid using these cleaners especially on smoggy days, when the ingredients can react with ozone to produce cancer-causing formaldehyde.
  • Skip the biggest hazards: Avoid air fresheners, use a baking soda and water paste to clean the oven and tackle toilet stains, and use a mechanical snake to unclog the drain.
  • Dispose of your old toxics safely: If you choose to toss your old cleaners instead of using them up, drop them off at your local hazardous waste facility. Don't pour cleaning supplies down the drain -- some of the ingredients can harm wildlife as well as people.

In the Kitchen:

  • Skip the biggest kitchen hazards, use safer alternatives: Replace oven cleaners with a baking soda and water paste and corrosive drain cleaners with baking soda and vinegar or a mechanical snake.
  • Fight germs without nasty chemicals: Microwave your sponge -- wet it and zap for two minutes to kill germs.
  • More non-toxic ways to fight germs: Wash your hands often with regular soap and water -- no need for "antibacterial" soap. Wash dishes and clean counters frequently so germs don't collect and avoid "antibacterial" dish soap. Take out the garbage regularly to avoid germs, pests, and bad odors.

In the Bathroom:

  • Skip the biggest bathroom hazards, use safer alternatives: Scrub toilets with baking soda and water instead of an acidic toilet-bowl cleaner. Use baking soda and vinegar or a mechanical snake instead of corrosive drain cleaners when you have a clogged drain (prevent clogs by using a drain cover).
  • Fight germs without nasty chemicals: Focus on the toilet -- keep germs isolated by tossing toilet cleaning rags into the wash right away and keeping the scrub brush in an out-of-the-way spot.
  • More non-toxic ways to fight germs: Wipe down showers after each use to prevent mold and mildew.
  • Forgo air fresheners: Air fresheners are unnecessary and potentially harmful. They only disguise odors, while pumping a bunch of potentially toxic chemicals into the air. Open a window, run a fan, and try to identify and clean up the real source of the smell. A box of baking soda is another safe way to eliminate odor.

Your Floors and Furniture:

  • Sweep and vacuum frequently to remove dust, which often harbors household toxins. Read more about toxic dust and how to control it in our Healthy Home Tip: Get rid of that (toxic) dust.
  • Mop with a dilute vinegar solution (e.g., ¼ cup vinegar in 1 quart of water).
  • Try a microfiber mop to remove dust and dirt efficiently while using smaller amounts of both water and cleaning supplies.
  • Dust with a soft or microfiber cloth and skip dusting sprays.
  • Clean spills promptly so they are more easily removed with less toxic products.

4. Investigate alternatives to in-home pesticides

It's best to keep pesticides away from your home -- in and out. At-home exposures are one of the main ways people are exposed to pesticides, and since they're designed to kill, they can (not surprisingly) be dangerous to living beings (people, pets, wildlife).

  • Lawn and garden care. Organic gardening and lawn care is effective, and "how to" advice is readily available. Organic is healthier for your kids, pets and the environment than chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides.

  • Indoor pest control. Try preventive and non-toxic alternatives first, there are lots of effective options that don't contain pesticides. Pesticides should be a last resort. While pesticides must be listed on product labels, the other inert ingredients usually aren't and inert ingredients aren't necessarily safe.

  • Pet treatments. Ridding your pets of bothersome and harmful pests presents a unique challenge since pests (like ticks) can carry disease, but pesticides can harm the pet as well as human family members. Try some simple prevention steps, like frequent bathing and combing, and of course vacuuming to catch any bugs and their eggs. If you choose to apply pesticides to your pet, follow the product's instructions, wash hands immediately, and be sure young children are unlikely to have contact with the pet for 24 hours. The US EPA offers tips for pet owners who use pesticides to do so with caution to reduce adverse effects on treated pets.

If you're ready to take it a step further, consider working with your child's school to green their cleaning products and practices. EWG's toolkit for parents and schools will set you on your way.

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