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References

Down the Drain: References

July 12, 2007

Adolfsson-Erici M, Peterson M, Parkkonen J, Sturve J. 2002. Triclosan, a commonly used bactericide found in human milk and in the aquatic environment in Sweden. Chemosphere 46(9-10): 1485-1489.

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FDA. 1996. Cumulative Exposure Estimated for Bisphenol A (BPA), Individually for Adults and Infants from Its Use in Epoxy-Based Can Coatings and Polycarbonate (PC) Articles Branch, HFS-245. (G. Diachenki PD, Division of Product Manufacture and Use, HGS-245, ed).

FDA. 2005. Non-Prescription Drugs Advisory Committee Meeting, October 20, 2005. Department of Health and Human Services, Food and Drug Administration, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, pp. 386.

FDA. 2005. Letter from George Pauli, Associate Director for Science and Policy, FDA's Office of Food Additive Safety, to California Assemblymember Greg Aghazarian. April 6 2005.

FDA. 2007. Cumulative Estimated Daily Intake/Acceptable Daily Intake Database. http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~dms/opa-edi.html

Fiss EM, Rule KL, Vikesland PJ. 2007. Formation of chloroform and other chlorinated byproducts by chlorination of triclosan-containing antibacterial products. Environmental science & technology: in press.

Foran CM, Bennett ER, Benson WH. 2000. Developmental evaluation of a potential non-steroidal estrogen: Triclosan. Marine environmental research 50(1-5): 153-156.

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Hanaoka T, Kawamura, N., Hara, K., Tsugane, S. 2002. Urinary bisphenol A and plasma hormone concentrations in male workers exposed to bisphenol A diglycidyl ether and mixed organic solvents. Occupational and environmental medicine 59(9): 625-628.

Hauser R, Meeker JD, Singh NP, Silva MJ, Ryan L, Duty S, et al. 2007. DNA damage in human sperm is related to urinary levels of phthalate monoester and oxidative metabolites. Human reproduction 22(3): 688-695.

Heath RJ, Li J, Roland GE, Rock CO. 2000. Inhibition of the Staphylococcus aureus NADPH-dependent enoyl-acyl carrier protein reductase by triclosan and hexachlorophene. The Journal of biological chemistry 275(7): 4654-4659.

Houghton FD, Jr., Liu Y, Price C, Elm MS, Donovan M, Davis DL, et al. 2007. Estrogenicity of tissue extracts from white bass and channel catfish caught in the three rivers of Pittsburgh [abstract]. In: American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting: Proceedings. Los Angeles, CA: AACR, abstract 3458.

Hu JY, Aizawa T, Ookubo S. 2002. Products of aqueous chlorination of bisphenol A and their estrogenic activity. Environmental science & technology 36(9): 1980-1987.

Hunt PA, Koehler, KE, Susiarjo, M, Hodges, CA, Ilagan, A, Voigt, RC, Thomas, S, Thomas, BF, Hassold, TJ. 2003. Bisphenol A exposure causes meiotic aneuploidy in the female mouse. Current biology 13(7): 546-553.

Ishibashi H, Matsumura N, Hirano M, Matsuoka M, Shiratsuchi H, Ishibashi Y, Takao Y, Arizono K. 2004. Effects of triclosan on the early life stages and reproduction of medaka Oryzias latipes and induction of hepatic vitellogenin. Aquatic toxicology, 67(2): 167-79.

Jobling S, Reynolds T, White R, Parker MG, Sumpter JP. 1995. A variety of environmentally persistent chemicals, including some phthalate plasticizers, are weakly estrogenic. Environmental health perspectives 103(6): 582-587.

Kay J. 2006. San Francisco prepares to ban certain chemicals in products for tots, but enforcement will be tough -- and toymakers question necessity. San Francisco Chronicle November 19, 2006.

Knochenhauer ES, Key TJ, Kahsar-Miller M, Waggoner W, Boots LR, Azziz R. 1998. Prevalence of the polycystic ovary syndrome in unselected black and white women of the southeastern United States: a prospective study. The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism 83(9): 3078-3082.

Kohn MC, Parham F, Masten SA, Portier CJ, Shelby MD, Brock JW, et al. 2000. Human exposure estimates for phthalates. Environmental health perspectives 108(10): A440-442.

Kolpin DW, Furlong ET, Meyer MT, Thurman EM, Zaugg SD, Barber LB, et al. 2002. Pharmaceuticals, hormones, and other organic wastewater contaminants in U.S. streams, 1999-2000: A national reconnaissance. Environmental science & technology 36(6): 1202-1211.

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Lindstrom A, Buerge IJ, Poiger T, Bergqvist PA, Muller MD, Buser HR. 2002. Occurrence and environmental behavior of the bactericide triclosan and its methyl derivative in surface waters and in wastewater. Environmental science & technology 36(11): 2322-2329.

Lores M, Llompart M, Sanchez-Prado L, Garcia-Jares C, Cela R. 2005. Confirmation of the formation of dichlorodibenzo-p-dioxin in the photodegradation of triclosan by photo-SPME. Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry 381(6): 1294-1298.

Main KM, Mortensen GK, Kaleva MM, Boisen KA, Damgaard IN, Chellakooty M, et al. 2006. Human breast milk contamination with phthalates and alterations of endogenous reproductive hormones in infants three months of age. Environmental health perspectives 114(2): 270-276.

Markey CM, Luque EH, Munoz De Toro M, Sonnenschein C, Soto AM. 2001. In utero exposure to bisphenol A alters the development and tissue organization of the mouse mammary gland. Biology of reproduction 65(4): 1215-1223.

Marsee K, Woodruff TJ, Axelrad DA, Calafat AM, Swan SH. 2006. Estimated daily phthalate exposures in a population of mothers of male infants exhibiting reduced anogenital distance. Environmental health perspectives 114(6): 805-809.

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McMurry LM, Oethinger M, Levy SB. 1998. Overexpression of marA, soxS, or acrAB produces resistance to triclosan in laboratory and clinical strains of Escherichia coli. FEMS microbiology letters 166(2): 305-309.

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