Body Burden: The Pollution in Newborns: Test Results
PCB-157 was found in 9 of 10 umbilical cord blood samples from babies born in U.S. hospitals in 2004, at concentrations ranging from 23.6 to 311.4 pg/g (lipid weight, in whole blood). It was also found in 3 of 3 adult blood samples, at concentrations ranging from 3,451.3 to 12,870.5 pg/g (lipid weight, in whole blood).
*PCB-157 co-eluted with PCB-156. Results shown indicate the total concentration of all the chemicals that co-eluted.
In polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) family of chemicals - banned industrial insulators and lubricants; cause cancer and nervous system problems.
|About PCB-157 *|
|Chemical Class||Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB)|
|Manufacturing/ Use Status||banned for use/manufacture in the U.S.|
|Trade and product names||Arochlors, Chlophen ®, Chlorextol ®, Clophen ®, Dykanol ®, Fenclor ®, Fenclor ® 42, Inerteen ®, Kanechlor ®, Montar ®, Monter ®, Noflamol ®, Phenochlor ®, Pyralene ®, Pyranol ®, Santotherm ®, Santotherm ® FR, Sovol ®, Therminol ®, Therminol ® FR-1|
|Chemical functions||dedusting agent, flame retardant, pesticide extender, plasticizer|
|Uses||adhesives, adhesives (former), carbonless reproducing paper, carbonless reproducing paper (former), cutting oils, cutting oils (former), dedusting agents, dedusting agents (former), electrical capacitors, electrical transformers, vacuum pumps, electrical capacitors, electrical transformers, vacuum pumps, and gas-transmission turbines (former), fire retardants, fire retardants (former), hydraulic fluid, hydraulic fluid (former), ink, ink (former), lubricants, lubricants (former), pesticide extenders, pesticide extenders (former), plasticizer, plasticizer (former), used in heat transfer systems, used in heat transfer systems (former), wax extenders, wax extenders (former)|
|Manufacturers||Monsanto (former mfg), Monsanto (former), US Borax Inc. (former mfg)|
* Information may include trade names, manufacturers, and products for other chemicals in the Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) class.
|Priority Health Concerns for PCB-157|
|Health Concern or Target Organ||Weight of Evidence|
|Birth Defects / Developmental Delays||Known Effects|
|Brain, Nervous System||Known Effects|
|Immune System||Probable Effects|
|Suspected Health Concerns for PCB-157|
|Hormone System, Stomach Or Intestines, Kidney, Reproductive System, Lungs/breathing, Skin, Liver, Cardiovascular System Or Blood, Male Reproductive System, Female Reproductive System|
|Related EWG Materials|
|Body Burden: The Pollution in People||PCB-157 was found in 6 of the nine test subjects. The 6 people had an average of 2,100.0 and a range of 1,050.0 to 3,300.0.|