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Test Results

July 14, 2005

Body Burden: The Pollution in Newborns: Test Results

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  PFOA (Perfluorooctanoic acid)

PFOA (Perfluorooctanoic acid) was found in 10 of 10 umbilical cord blood samples from babies born in U.S. hospitals in 2004, at concentrations ranging from 0.6 to 1.6 ng/g (wet weight, in whole blood). It was also found in 3 of 3 adult blood samples, at concentrations ranging from 1.1 to 4.2 ng/g (wet weight, in whole blood).

Used to make Teflon pan coatings; breakdown product of stain- and grease-proof coatings. Likely human carcinogen. Found in most people. Being phased out of some products.


About PFOA (Perfluorooctanoic acid) *
CAS RN335-67-1
Chemical ClassPerfluorochemical (PFC)
Chemical SubClassPerfluorinated carboxylic acid
Manufacturing/ Use Statususe/production has been voluntarily discontinued in the U.S.
Trade and product namesAlgoflon, Centennial Cloth, Clear-Shield, DWR, Dyneon, Excel, Extragard DN 100-1, Extreme Superpruf, Fiber Shield, Forafac, GapShield, MysticMaid Corazza, Polyflon, Scotchguard, Silverstone, Stain-Guard, Staindefender, Stainmaster, SurfTechs 4300, SurfTechs 4301, SurfTechs 4302, Teflon, Zepel, Zonyl
Chemical functionssurfactant with stain, oil, and water resistance properties
May be found in the following types of productsbike chain lubricant, computer chip coating, engine oil additive, flame retardant, hair curling and straightening products, nail polish, pharmaceutical packaging, stain/water/oil repellent fabric protector, water/oil repellent paper coating, windshield wiper blades, wire and cable insulation
Usespossible breakdown product of, or manufacturing intermediate of commercial perfluorochemicals (PFCs), uses of PFCs include stain/water/oil repellent fabric protector, water/oil repellent paper coating, wiper blades, bike chain lubricant, wire and cable insulation, pharmeceutical packaging, engine oil additive, nail polish, hair curling and straightening
Manufacturers3M, Asahi, Clariant International, Daikin, DuPont, Dyneon

* Information may include trade names, manufacturers, and products for other chemicals in the Perfluorochemical (PFC) class.



Priority Health Concerns for PFOA (Perfluorooctanoic acid)
Health Concern or Target OrganWeight of Evidence
Cardiovascular System Or BloodProbable Effects
CancerProbable Effects

References for Health Effects



Suspected Health Concerns for PFOA (Perfluorooctanoic acid)
Hormone System, Stomach Or Intestines, Birth Defects / Developmental Delays, Female Reproductive System, Reproductive System, Kidney, Immune System

References for Health Effects