Body Burden: The Pollution in Newborns: Test Results
PFOA (Perfluorooctanoic acid)
PFOA (Perfluorooctanoic acid) was found in 10 of 10 umbilical cord blood samples from babies born in U.S. hospitals in 2004, at concentrations ranging from 0.6 to 1.6 ng/g (wet weight, in whole blood). It was also found in 3 of 3 adult blood samples, at concentrations ranging from 1.1 to 4.2 ng/g (wet weight, in whole blood).
Used to make Teflon pan coatings; breakdown product of stain- and grease-proof coatings. Likely human carcinogen. Found in most people. Being phased out of some products.
|About PFOA (Perfluorooctanoic acid) *|
|Chemical Class||Perfluorochemical (PFC)|
|Chemical SubClass||Perfluorinated carboxylic acid|
|Manufacturing/ Use Status||use/production has been voluntarily discontinued in the U.S.|
|Trade and product names||Algoflon, Centennial Cloth, Clear-Shield, DWR, Dyneon, Excel, Extragard DN 100-1, Extreme Superpruf, Fiber Shield, Forafac, GapShield, MysticMaid Corazza, Polyflon, Scotchguard, Silverstone, Stain-Guard, Staindefender, Stainmaster, SurfTechs 4300, SurfTechs 4301, SurfTechs 4302, Teflon, Zepel, Zonyl|
|Chemical functions||surfactant with stain, oil, and water resistance properties|
|May be found in the following types of products||bike chain lubricant, computer chip coating, engine oil additive, flame retardant, hair curling and straightening products, nail polish, pharmaceutical packaging, stain/water/oil repellent fabric protector, water/oil repellent paper coating, windshield wiper blades, wire and cable insulation|
|Uses||possible breakdown product of, or manufacturing intermediate of commercial perfluorochemicals (PFCs), uses of PFCs include stain/water/oil repellent fabric protector, water/oil repellent paper coating, wiper blades, bike chain lubricant, wire and cable insulation, pharmeceutical packaging, engine oil additive, nail polish, hair curling and straightening|
|Manufacturers||3M, Asahi, Clariant International, Daikin, DuPont, Dyneon|
* Information may include trade names, manufacturers, and products for other chemicals in the Perfluorochemical (PFC) class.
|Priority Health Concerns for PFOA (Perfluorooctanoic acid)|
|Health Concern or Target Organ||Weight of Evidence|
|Cardiovascular System Or Blood||Probable Effects|
|Suspected Health Concerns for PFOA (Perfluorooctanoic acid)|
|Hormone System, Stomach Or Intestines, Birth Defects / Developmental Delays, Female Reproductive System, Reproductive System, Kidney, Immune System|