Body Burden: The Pollution in Newborns: Test Results
PBDE-11 was found in 4 of 10 umbilical cord blood samples from babies born in U.S. hospitals in 2004, at concentrations ranging from 13.4 to 39.0 pg/g (lipid weight, in whole blood). It was also found in 2 of 3 adult blood samples, at concentrations of 19.9 and 26.1 pg/g (lipid weight, in whole blood).
*PBDE-11 co-eluted with PBDE-8. Results shown indicate the total concentration of all the chemicals that co-eluted.
Brominated fire retardants used in polyurethan foam and plastics. These PBDEs are neurotoxic and persist in people and the environment. They were withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.
|About PBDE-11 *|
|Chemical Class||Polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE)|
|Chemical SubClass||Dibrominated diphenyl ether|
|Manufacturing/ Use Status||Use/production of Penta and Octa commercial PBDE formulations have been discontinued. Deca commercial formulation is still in active use, and can break down into many other PBDE chemicals, including those used in the Penta and Octa formulations.|
|Chemical functions||flame retardant|
|Uses||flame retardant in furniture, seating, sound insulation panels, imitation wood, packaging materials, plastics, fabric, upholstery, electrical cable and connectors, insulated pipes, and some industrial paints|
|Manufacturers||Albermarle, Great Lakes Chemical|
* Information may include trade names, manufacturers, and products for other chemicals in the Polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) class.
|Suspected Health Concerns for PBDE-11|
|Birth Defects / Developmental Delays, Hormone System, Stomach Or Intestines, Brain, Nervous System, Reproductive System, Female Reproductive System, Male Reproductive System, Lungs/breathing, Hearing|