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Test Results

Body Burden: The Pollution in Newborns: Test Results

July 14, 2005

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  PBDE-85

PBDE-85 was found in 6 of 10 umbilical cord blood samples from babies born in U.S. hospitals in 2004, at concentrations ranging from 1.0 to 83.5 pg/g (lipid weight, in whole blood). It was also found in 3 of 3 adult blood samples, at concentrations ranging from 79.1 to 177.5 pg/g (lipid weight, in whole blood).

Brominated fire retardants used in polyurethan foam and plastics. These PBDEs are neurotoxic and persist in people and the environment. They were withdrawn from the market in the U.S. in 2005.


About PBDE-85 *
CAS RN32534-81-9
Chemical ClassPolybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE)
Chemical SubClassPentabrominated diphenyl ether
Manufacturing/ Use StatusUse/production of Penta and Octa commercial PBDE formulations have been discontinued. Deca commercial formulation is still in active use, and can break down into many other PBDE chemicals, including those used in the Penta and Octa formulations.
Chemical functionsflame retardant
May be found in the following types of products flame retardants and fire preventing agents, polymers industry
Usesflame retardant in furniture, seating, sound insulation panels, imitation wood, packaging materials, plastics, fabric, upholstery, electrical cable and connectors, insulated pipes, and some industrial paints
ManufacturersAlbermarle, Great Lakes Chemical

* Information may include trade names, manufacturers, and products for other chemicals in the Polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) class.



Suspected Health Concerns for PBDE-85
Birth Defects / Developmental Delays, Hormone System, Stomach Or Intestines, Brain, Nervous System, Reproductive System, Female Reproductive System, Male Reproductive System, Lungs/breathing, Hearing

References for Health Effects