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Table 4: Sites Where Top Soil or Ground Water is Contaminated by Perchlorate

Rocket Fuel in Drinking Water: Table 4: Sites Where Top Soil or Ground Water is Contaminated by Perchlorate

March 3, 2003

Table 4. More than 50 sites nationwide have high levels of perchlorate contamination of ground water or soil.

State

City

Facility

Source of contamination

Type of contamination

Maximum concentration (ppb)

AL

Huntsville

Redstone Arsenal
Missile Plant

Explosives
production

Ground Water

19,000

AZ

Benson

Apache Nitrogen Products

Explosives manufacturing

Ground Water

670

AZ

Chandler, Gila River Indian Reservation

Aerodyne

Propellant testing

Ground Water

18

AZ

Tucson

Davis Monthan Air Force Base

Explosives/
propellant disposal

Soil

NA

AZ

Goodyear, Phoenix Goodyear Airport

Unidynamics Phoenix, Inc.

Explosives/
ordnance manufacturing

Ground Water

80

AZ

Phoenix

Universal Propulsion

Rocket manufacturing

Soil

NA

AZ

Maricopa County

Unidynamics Phoenix, Inc. White Tanks Disposal Area

Explosives/
ordnance disposal

Soil

NA

AR

East Camden

Atlantic Research

Rocket manufacturing
and disposal- open burn/open detonation

Ground Water

2,000,000

Surface Water

480,000

Soil

1,000,000

CA

Glen Avon

Grand Central Rocket

Dumping at Stringfellow toxic waste dump

Ground Water

87,000

CA

Yuba City

Beale AFB

Titan missile production

NA

CA

Rancho Cordova and Mather Air Force Base

Aerojet General

Rocket manufacturing

Ground Water

640,000

CA

Lincoln

Alpha explosives

Explosives manufacturing

Ground Water

67,000

CA

Santa Susana

Boeing/Rocketdyne, NASA at Santa Susana Field Lab US DOE

Rocket research, testing and production

Ground Water

750

CA

Edwards

Edwards Air Force Base, Jet Propulsion Lab, North Base

Rocket research

Ground Water

300

CA

Orange County

El Toro Marine Corps Air Station

Explosives disposal

Ground Water

380

CA

Tracy

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Site 300

US Department of Energy explosives research

Ground Water

84

CA

Redlands

Lockheed Propulsion

Rocket manufacturing

Ground Water

NA

CA

Pasadena

NASA Jet Propulsion Lab

Rocket research

Ground Water

6,000

CA

Rialto

B.F. Goodrich and/or Fireworks Facility

Rocket research and manufacturing and/or fireworks manufacture

Ground Water

NA

CA

Glendale

Grand Central Rocket

Rocket manufacturing

Ground Water

84

CA

Baldwin Park

Aerojet General

Rocket manufacturing

Ground Water

2,180

CA

San Nicholas Island, Ventura County

US Navy Firing Range

Explosives

Ground Water

NA

CA

San Jose

United Technologies (UTC)

Rocket testing

Ground Water

180,000

CA

Santa Clarita

Whittaker-Bermite Ordnance

Ordnance manufacturing

Surface Water

3,000

CA

Hollister

Whittaker Ordnance

Ordnance manufacturing

Ground Water

810

IA

Ewart

Unknown

Unknown

Ground Water

29

IA

Napier

Unknown

Unknown

Ground Water

10

KS

Herington

Ammunition Facility

Ammunition

Ground Water

9

MA

Bourne

Massachusetts Military Reservation

Rocket disposal- open burn/open detonation

Ground Water

300

MD

Indian Head

Naval Surface Warfare Center

Propellant handling

Surface Water

>1000

MD

Aberdeen

Aberdeen Proving Ground

Unknown

Ground Water

24

MO

Joplin

ICI Explosives

Unknown

Ground Water

107,000

MO

Independence

Lake City Army Ammunition Facility

Ammunition

Ground Water

79

NE

Mead

Unknown

Fireworks facility

Ground Water

24

NM

Gallup

Fort Windgate Depot Activity

Explosives disposal

Ground Water

2,860

NM

Alamogordo

Hollomon Air Force Base

Rocket testing

Ground Water

40

Surface Water

16,000

NM

Los Alamos

Los Alamos National Lab

US DOE lab chemicals

Ground Water

1,662

Surface Water

NA

NM

White Rock

Los Alamos National Lab

US DOE lab chemicals

Surface Water

9

NM

Melrose

Melrose Air Force Range

Explosives

Ground Water

25

NM

White Sands

White Sands Missile Range

Rocket testing

Ground Water

21,000

NV

Henderson

Kerr-McGee/BMI

Perchlorate manufacturing

Ground Water

3,700,000

Surface Water

120,000

NV

Henderson

American Pacific Corp/PEPCON

Perchlorate manufacturing

Ground Water

600,000

NY

Westhampton

Unknown

Unknown

Ground Water

3370

NY

Yaphank

Unknown

Unknown

Ground Water

122

TX

Karnak

Longhorn Army Ammunition Depot

Munitions manufacture, Propellant handling

Ground Water

169,000

Surface Water

11,000

TX

McGregor

McGregor Naval Weapons Plant

Propellant handling

Ground Water

91,000

Surface Water

22,000

TX

Amarillo

Pantex (Department of Energy)

Open burning/ Open detonation, Explosives

Ground Water

5

TX

Texarkana

Red River Army Depot

Open burning/ Open detonation, Propellant handling

Ground Water

80

TX

Texarkana

Lone Star Army Ammunition Plant

Open burning/ Open detonation, Propellant handling

Ground Water

NA

UT

Magna

Alliant Tech Systems

Rocket manufacturing

Ground Water

13

UT

Kennecott

Alliant Tech Systems

Rocket manufacturing

Ground Water

5

UT

Promontory

Thiokol

Rocket manufacturing

Ground Water

NA

WA

near Vancouver

Camp Bonneville

Explosives/propellant disposal

Soil

NA

WV

Rocket Center

Allegheny Ballistics Lab

Rocket research production, open burn/open detonation

Surface Water

400

NA = not available.

Source: EWG 2003


References:

  1. Associated Press (AP). 2003. Army wants company to pay for Redstone cleanup. January 20, 2003.
  2. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). ND. Public Health Assessment: Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant. Karnack, Harrison County, Texas.
  3. Citizens for Safe Water Around Badger (CFSWAB). 2002. The potential for perchlorate contamination. A case study: Badger Army Ammunition Plant. May 2002. Merrimac, WI.
  4. Clean Water Report (CWR). 2002. Possible perchlorate lessons to learn as pollutant progresses to city wells; Maryland. August 12, 2002.
  5. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2001. Memorandum re: Perchlorate occurrence table and maps. March 2, 2001.
  6. McGuire, K. 2001. Rocket fuel peril studied Arkansas site's concentration among top in US. The Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, August 12, 2001.
  7. Oswald, M. 2002. Springs tested for chemical. Albuquerque Journal. January 29, 2002.
  8. Robertson, J. 2003. Another toxin found in wells at Lake City cleanup site. Kansas City Star. January 28, 2003.
  9. Speckman, S. 2001. Plume of 'dirty' water is moving. The Desert News. June 18, 200.
  10. Tollefson, J. 2003. Contaminated spring found near LANL. The Santa Fe New Mexican, February 9, 2003.