Sign up to receive email updates, action alerts, health tips, promotions to support our work and more from EWG. You can opt-out at any time. [Privacy]



Aerometric Information Retrieval System (AIRS). 1997. Database provided by the United States Environmental Protection Agency.

Bascom, R., P.A. Bromberg, D.A Costa, R. Devlin, D.W. Dockery, M.W. Frampton, W. Lambert, J.M Samet, F.E. Speizer, and M. Utell. 1996. Health Effects of Outdoor Air Pollution. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 153:3-50.

Bobak, M., D.A., Leon. 1992. Air pollution and infant mortality in the Czech Republic. 1968-1988. Lancet 340:1010-1014.

California Air Resources Board. 1997. Proposed Identification of Diesel Exhaust as a Toxic Air Contaminant. Draft Report. Public Comment and SRP Version. May 9, 1997.

Centers for Disease Control. 1994 infant mortality rates derived from CDC Wonder database. (

Knobel, H., C. Chen, and K. Liang. 1995. Sudden infant death syndrome in relation to weather and optimetrically measured air pollution in Taiwan. Pediatrics 96:1106-1110.

Natural Resources Defense Council. 1996. Breath-Taking: Premature Mortality due to Particulate Air Pollution in 239 American Cities. 154 pp. May, 1996.

Penna, M. L. F, M. P. Duchiade. 1991. Air pollution and infant mortality from pneumonia in the Rio de Janeiro metropolitan area. Bulletin of PAHO:47-54.

Pope, C.A, M.J. Thun, M.M. Namboodiri, D.W. Dockery, J.S. Evans, F.E. Speizer, C.W. Heath, Jr. 1995. Particulate Air Pollution as a Predictor of Mortality in a Prospective Study of U.S. Adults. Am. J. Resp. Crit. Care Med. 151:669-74.

Rothman, K.J. 1986. Modern Epidemiology. Lipincott-Raven Publishers.

SIDS Alliance, personal communication with Phipps Cohe, July 7, 1997.

U.S. E.P.A. 1996a. Review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Particulate Matter: Policy Assessment of Scientific and Technical Information. November, 1995.

U.S. E.P.A. 1996b. Air Quality Criteria for Particulate Matter.

U.S. E.P.A. 1996c. EPA Proposes Air Standards for Particulate Matter and Ozone. Environmental News. EPA Office of Communications, Education and Public Affairs. November, 27, 1996.

U.S. E.P.A. 1997. Statement by Mary Nichols, EPA Assistant Administrator, Office of Air and Radiation. April 2, 1997.

Woodruff, T.J., J. Grillo, and K.C. Schoendorf. 1997. The Relationship between Selected Causes of Postneonatal Infant Mortality and Particulate Air Pollution in the United States. Environmental Health Perspectives, 105(6), June 1997.