Who owns the west?


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Kinross and its subsidiaries are a few of 92,125 beneficiaries of a 131-year-old federal mining law that gives away precious metals, minerals, and even the title to the land itself for less than $10 an acre. Kinross and its subsidiaries own the minerals under an estimated 98,853 acres of claimed land, have gained title to an estimated 1,874 acres of lands previously owned by the public, and have submitted mining plans and notices that encompass 12,917 acres of BLM-managed land, not including the acreages of mines they may operate on Forest Service land. giving Kinross and its subsidiaries more total land holdings (claims and patents) than over 99.5% of all other mining interests.

World Headquarters

52nd Fl., Scotia Plaza
Toronto, Ontario,

Subsidiaries Include

Crown Resources Corp (100%)
Echo Bay Inc (100%)
AMAX Gold Inc (100%)
Nerco Delamar Co /Kinross Gold (100%)
Nevada Star Res Corp (50%)
Round Mtn Gold Corp (50%)

Partners Include

Sidney Mining, Homestake Mining Company, Quest Intl Mgmt Srvc, US Minerals Expl Co, Westmont Gold Inc, Nerco Delamar Co /Kinross Gold, Nicor Mineral Ventures, Robert Petray, Nerco Metals Inc

Information on subsidiaries and parent companies shown here represents our best estimate of corporate structure at the time of this website release, and are drawn from various publicly available sources. Please report any noted omissions and errors to EWG with a credible source or citation. Thank you.

Overview of Ownership

Statistics on this page include the ownership of subsidiaries. View this page without subsidiary information included.

 ClaimsPatentsMining Plans & Notices
Number4,306 12 43
Estimated Acreage98,853 1,874 12,917

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Source: EWG analysis of US BLM data.

Examples of Mines

These mines are owned by Kinross, its subsidiaries, or its parent company.

Name of MineLocation of MineMine StatusMetal MinedMap Link
Fort Knox Gold MineFairbanks North Star Borough County, AKOpenGold-
Round Mountain Gold MineNye County, NVOpenGoldmap
Delamar MineOwyhee County, IDSuspendedSilver oresmap
Pend Oreille MinePend Oreille County, WAClosedLead and/or Zinc Oremap
True NorthFairbanks North Star Borough County, AKOpenGold-
Stone Cabin MineOwyhee County, IDSuspendedGold and Silver-
Mineral HillPark County, MTClosedGoldmap
Crown Jewel / BuckhornOkanogan County, WAProposedGoldmap

Source: EWG analysis.



Like all U.S. claimholders, Kinross and its subsidiaries acquired ownership of precious metals and minerals on U.S. public land for about $2 per acre, and maintains possession of the claim with a small per-acre fee, typically $5 each year. Kinross pays no royalties to the federal government for metals and minerals mined from this land.

For Kinross and its subsidiaries:

Claims by State.

StateNumber of ClaimsEstimated AcreageDate(s)
Nevada 3,39880,9951905 - 2003
Idaho 2575,6981925 - 1998
Utah 2064,2561988 - 1995
Colorado 1803,6971977 - 1979
Washington 2203,2921969 - 1999
California 336821989 - 1998
Arizona 122321980 - 1987
U.S. Total 4,30698,8531905 - 2003

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Source: EWG analysis of US BLM data.


Kinross and its subsidiaries are some of the 63,768 beneficiaries of a long-standing federal subsidy called "patenting" that allows mining interests to purchase public land for no more than $5 an acre. Since acquiring title to the land, Kinross may have mined it, sold it, leased it, or passed it on to heirs or other corporate interests. Regardless of who owns the property now, the U.S. public has lost all rights- metals, minerals, and title - on land that was once public park or forest.

For Kinross and its subsidiaries:

Patents by State.

StateNumber of PatentsEstimated AcreageDate(s)
Nevada 91,0471908 - 2001
Idaho 17922000
Colorado 2351977 - 1983
U.S. Total 121,8741908 - 2001

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Source: EWG analysis of US BLM data.

Mining Plans & Notices on BLM Land

Kinross and its subsidiaries are some of the 3,323 mine operators on U.S. BLM lands with mining plans and notices listed as currently active in government records, operating under laws that allow mining interests to extract and sell precious metals and minerals previously held by the public. Kinross may also operate mines on Forest Service lands, which are not contained in the LR2000 database that is the backbone of this website. Because the government often fails to promptly close out records for mines no longer active, active mining may be completed for some of the operations represented by plans and notices in this website. But regardless of the status of mining operations on a particular site, filings of plans and notices are indicative of mining on the property - whether past, present, or planned. Mining operations led by Kinross may well have left behind permanent pollution. In 2001 mines generated 45 percent of all pollution in EPA's Toxic Release Reporting system while accounting for just 0.36 percent of all industrial facilities.

For Kinross and its subsidiaries:

Plans and Notices on BLM land by State.

StateNumber of Plans and Notices on BLM landEstimated AcreageDate(s)
Idaho 29,3401981 - 1991
Washington 41,7051988 - 1999
Nevada 301,6491981 - 2003
Colorado 11731981
Utah 2341991 - 2002
California 3111989 - 1993
Montana 151994
U.S. Total 4312,9171981 - 2003

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Source: EWG analysis of US BLM data.

Source: EWG analysis of Bureau of Land Management's Land and Mineral Records 2000 (LR2000) data system. For claims, acreages are estimated based on maximum allowable size of claims. For patents, acreages are taken directly from the LR2000 database where available, and are estimated based on maximum allowable size of claim that preceded the patent where acreages are not noted in LR2000. All notices are assumed to be five acres in size, and the size of plans are calculated directly as the size of the land represented by the legal land description in the LR2000 database. The acreages we estimate through these methods would tend to overestimate the actual amount. We welcome corrections here, and would welcome a federal data management system that included the acreages involved in these important federal land transactions.