The hardrock mining industry owns gold, silver, and other precious metals and minerals beneath an estimated 22,036 acres of U.S. public land in South Dakota, resources worth millions of dollars a year, acquired for as little as $0.84 per acre and held in perpetuity for a yearly rental fee as low as $0.62 an acre. Under a 132-year-old law originally intended to spur development of the West, an industry dominated by a handful of multinational corporations pays no federal royalties, and leaves behind a landscape of dramatically diminished value, scarred with tunnels, pits, and toxic waste piles.
|Quick facts about mining claims in South Dakota|
Total number of claim-holders: 178
Acres of public land claimed by the mining industry, estimated: 22,036 (18 times Mount Rushmore National Memorial (1278 acres))
Dollars paid for each acre: as little as $0.84, and as little as $0.62 yearly rental fee
Reimbursement to the federal government for gold, silver and other precious metals taken from public land: $0
Percentage of claims held by foreign companies: 20%
Land area ever claimed by the mining industry nationally, estimated: 79 million acres (the size of New Mexico)
EWG analysis of data compiled by the Bureau of Land Management.
Companies have been consolidated to account for subsidiaries. View this table without consolidation.
|Company/Individual||Headquarters||Number of Claims||Acreage Claimed||Date(s) Filed|
|1||GCC Dacotah Inc||Rapid City, SD||200||4,000||2002|
|2||Gold Corp Inc||World HQ in Canada||174||3,595||1981 to 1998|
|3||Pete Lien & Sons Inc||Rapid City, SD||65||1,332||1965 to 2001|
|4||AMCOL International Corp||Arlington Heights, IL||45||1,140||1920 to 1985|
|5||St Joe Richmond Hill||Elko, NV||47||971||1980 to 1987|
|6||Barrick Gold Corporation||World HQ in Canada||35||723||1983 to 2003|
|7||Bond Gold Richmond||Elko, NV||29||599||1987 to 1989|
|8||Pacer Corp||Custer, SD||26||537||1994 to 2003|
|9||Wee Trista Ter||Spearfish, SD||4||480||1996|
|10||Wee Travis Ter||Spearfish, SD||4||480||1996|
|See all claim holders in South Dakota|
Some of the claimants in this table may be in partnership with other individuals or companies with a claim to the same land.
|County||Number of Claims||Estimated Acreage|
|5||Fall River County||28||695||details||map|
|Name of Mine||Location of Mine||Mine Status||Metal Mined||Owner or Parent Company of Owner|
|Golden Reward Mine||Lawrence County, SD||Closed||Gold||Wharf Resourced Ltd./Dakota Mining Corp|
|Gilt Edge (brohm Mine)||Lawrence County, SD||Closed||Gold||Dakota Mining Company|
|Homestake Gold Mine||Lawrence County, SD||Closed||Gold||Barrick Gold Corporation|
|The Wharf Mine||Lawrence County, SD||Open||Gold||Gold Corp.|
Source: EWG analysis.
Source: EWG analysis of Bureau of Land Management's Land and Mineral Records 2000 (LR2000) data system. For claims, acreages are estimated based on maximum allowable size of claims. For patents, acreages are taken directly from the LR2000 database where available, and are estimated based on maximum allowable size of claim that preceded the patent where acreages are not noted in LR2000. All notices are assumed to be five acres in size, and the size of plans are calculated directly as the size of the land represented by the legal land description in the LR2000 database. The acreages we estimate through these methods would tend to overestimate the actual amount. We welcome corrections here, and would welcome a federal data management system that included the acreages involved in these important federal land transactions.