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C

CARAMEL COLOR

 
Asthma/Respiratory
 
No Data, Some Concern
 
Skin Allergies &
Irritation
 
Some Concern
 
Developmental &
Reproductive Toxicity
 
No Data, Some Concern
 
Cancer
 
Some Concern
 
Environment
 
Some Concern
 
Top scoring factors: Evidence of cancer; damage to DNA; skin irritation/allergies/damage
CARAMEL COLOR can be found in 24 products.
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Evidence

Health issue
 
Level of Concern
 
Source
Caramel food colorings contain carcinogenic impurities at unsafe levels.
Only in: Food
 
some
 
Michael F. Jacobson. 2012. Carcinogenicity and regulation of caramel colorings. International journal of occupational and environmental health 18(3), 254-9.
This substance is Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) as a food additive by the US Food and Drug Administration
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
low
 
FDA - Priority based Assessment of Food Additive (PAFA) - U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

Impurities

Health issue
 
Level of Concern
 
Source
Impurity: FURAN
May cause cancer
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Impurity: 4-METHYLIMIDAZOLE
Known to cause cancer
 
some
 
Prop 65 - CA Proposition 65
Impurity: FURAN
Known to cause cancer
 
some
 
Prop 65 - CA Proposition 65
Impurity: IMIDAZOLE, 2-METHYL-
Known to cause cancer
 
some
 
Prop 65 - CA Proposition 65
Impurity: FURAN
Suspected of causing genetic defects
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Impurity: FURAN
Reasonably Anticipated To Be Human Carcinogen
 
some
 
NTP 12th RoC - NTP RoC
Impurity: FURAN
Possibly carcinogenic to humans
 
some
 
IARC 103 - IARC
Impurity: IMIDAZOLE, 2-METHYL-
Possibly carcinogenic to humans
 
some
 
IARC 103 - IARC
Impurity: 4-METHYLIMIDAZOLE
Possibly carcinogenic to humans
 
some
 
IARC 103 - IARC
Impurity: FURAN
Harmful if swallowed
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Impurity: FURAN
May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Impurity: FURAN
Harmful if inhaled
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Impurity: FURAN
Causes skin irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Impurity: 2-FURALDEHYDE, 5-(HYDROXYMETHYL)-
EFSA: Safety under reevaluation in the light of new data on genotoxicity, subchronic toxicity and carcinogenicity.
Only in: Food
 
some
 
2011. Scientific Opinion on the re-evaluation of caramel colours (E 150 a,b,c,d) as food additives. EFSA Journal 9(3), 2004.
Impurity: 2-ACETYL-4-TETRAHYDROXY-BUTYLIMIDAZOLE
EFSA: Safety under reevaluation in the light of new data on genotoxicity, subchronic toxicity and carcinogenicity.
Only in: Food
 
some
 
2011. Scientific Opinion on the re-evaluation of caramel colours (E 150 a,b,c,d) as food additives. EFSA Journal 9(3), 2004.
Impurity: FURAN
EPA testing shows this substance has moderate acute toxicity to aquatic life
 
low
 
EPA Fathead Minnow Acute Toxicity Database - Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Impurity: FURAN
Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects
 
low
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Impurity: IMIDAZOLE, 2-METHYL-
EPA testing shows this substance has low acute toxicity to aquatic life
 
low
 
EPA Fathead Minnow Acute Toxicity Database - Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
 
 
About the ratings About the ratings
EWG provides information on cleaning product ingredients from the published scientific... continue reading →
EWG provides information on cleaning product ingredients from published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors that determine actual health risks, if any. (Hide)
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