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D

FD&C YELLOW 5 ALUMINUM LAKE

 
This substance ranges from C to D depending on concentration/usage.
Asthma/Respiratory
 
No Data, Some Concern
 
Skin Allergies &
Irritation
 
No Data, Some Concern
 
Developmental &
Reproductive Toxicity
 
No Data, Some Concern
 
Cancer
 
Some Concern
 
Environment
 
Some Concern
 
Top scoring factors: Evidence of general systemic/organ effects; cancer; acute aquatic toxicity
FD&C YELLOW 5 ALUMINUM LAKE can be found in 3 products.
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Evidence

Health issue
 
Level of Concern
 
Source
EFSA finds that there is "limited evidence" that Yellow 5 in a mixture with other synthetic colours and sodium benzoate has a "small and statistically significant effect on activity and attention in children selected from the general population."
Only in: Food
 
moderate
 
European Food Safety Authority. 2009. Scientific Opinion on the re-evaluation Tartrazine (E 102). EFSA Journal 7(11), 1331.
EFSA concludes that some sensitive individuals may experience allergic reactions at dose levels within the ADI.
Only in: Food
 
some
 
European Food Safety Authority. 2009. Scientific Opinion on the re-evaluation Tartrazine (E 102). EFSA Journal 7(11), 1331.

Impurities

Health issue
 
Level of Concern
 
Source
Impurity: BENZIDINE
Known to cause cancer
 
some
 
Prop 65 - CA Proposition 65
Impurity: BENZIDINE
May cause cancer
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Impurity: BENZIDINE
Very toxic to aquatic life
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Impurity: BENZIDINE
Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Impurity: BENZIDINE
Carcinogenic to humans
 
some
 
EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) - Cancer - Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Impurity: BENZIDINE
Carcinogenic to humans
 
some
 
IARC 103 - IARC
Impurity: BENZIDINE
Known To Be Human Carcinogen
 
some
 
NTP 12th RoC - National Toxicology Program (NTP)
Impurity: 4-AMINOBIPHENYL
Known To Be Human Carcinogen
 
some
 
NTP 12th RoC - National Toxicology Program (NTP)
Impurity: 4-AMINOBIPHENYL
Known to cause cancer
 
some
 
Prop 65 - CA Proposition 65
Impurity: 4-AMINOBIPHENYL
Carcinogenic to humans
 
some
 
IARC 103 - IARC
Impurity: 4-AMINOBIPHENYL
May cause cancer
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Impurity: BENZIDINE
confirmed human carcinogen
 
some
 
Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis - American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)
Impurity: 4-AMINOBIPHENYL
cancer
 
some
 
Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis - American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)
Impurity: 4-AMINOBIPHENYL
confirmed human carcinogen
 
some
 
Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis - American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)
Impurity: BENZIDINE
Exposure by all routes should be carefully controlled to levels as low as possible
 
some
 
Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis - American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)
Impurity: 4-AMINOBIPHENYL
Exposure by all routes should be carefully controlled to levels as low as possible
 
some
 
Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis - American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)
Impurity: BENZIDINE
bladder cancer
 
some
 
Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis - American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)
Impurity: 4-AMINOBIPHENYL
liver cancer
 
some
 
Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis - American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)
Impurity: BENZIDINE
cancer
 
some
 
Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis - American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)
Impurity: 4-AMINOBIPHENYL
Harmful if swallowed
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Impurity: BENZIDINE
Harmful if swallowed
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Impurity: BENZIDINE
NTP Toxcast scored 0.5-1.5
 
some
 
EWG Toxcast Analysis - National Toxicology Program (NTP)
 
 
About the ratings About the ratings
EWG provides information on cleaning product ingredients from the published scientific... continue reading →
EWG provides information on cleaning product ingredients from published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors that determine actual health risks, if any. (Hide)
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