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C

ABIES ALBA LEAF OIL

 
Asthma/Respiratory
 
Some Concern
 
Skin Allergies &
Irritation
 
Some Concern
 
Developmental &
Reproductive Toxicity
 
No Data, Some Concern
 
Cancer
 
Some Concern
 
Environment
 
Some Concern
 
Top scoring factors: Evidence of acute aquatic toxicity; skin irritation/allergies/damage; respiratory effects
ABIES ALBA LEAF OIL can be found in 14 products.
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Evidence

Health issue
 
Level of Concern
 
Source
Component: D-LIMONENE
EPA testing shows this substance has high acute toxicity to aquatic life
 
some
 
EPA Fathead Minnow Acute Toxicity Database - Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Component: D-LIMONENE
Recognized by the European Union as a skin allergen
 
some
 
Allergen list - EU Cosmetics Directive
Component: D-LIMONENE
This peer-reviewed study reports this substance causes occupational asthma.
 
some
 
Fabrizio Guarneri, Olga Barbuzza, Mario Vaccaro & Giuseppe Galtieri. 2008. Allergic contact dermatitis and asthma caused by limonene in a labourer handling citrus fruits. Contact dermatitis 58(5), 315-6.
Component: D-LIMONENE
Not classifiable as to its carcinogenicity to humans
 
low
 
IARC 103 - IARC
A review article reports this substance may have anticarcinogenic activity
 
low
 
F. Bakkali, S. Averbeck, D. Averbeck & M. Idaomar. 2008. Biological effects of essential oils--a review. Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 46(2), 446-75.
A peer-reviewed study reports that botanical oils prevent oxidative damage.
 
low
 
Kevin P. Anthony, Suziat A. Deolu-Sobogun & Mahmoud A. Saleh. 2012. Comprehensive assessment of antioxidant activity of essential oils. Journal of food science 77(8), C839-43.
A review article reports this substance is not mutagenic
 
low
 
F. Bakkali, S. Averbeck, D. Averbeck & M. Idaomar. 2008. Biological effects of essential oils--a review. Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 46(2), 446-75.
Component: D-LIMONENE
This substance is Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) as a food additive by the US Food and Drug Administration
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
low
 
FDA - Priority based Assessment of Food Additive (PAFA) - U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
A review article reports that terpenes may have anticancer properties.
 
low
 
Girija Kuttan, Poyil Pratheeshkumar, Kanjoormana Aryan Manu & Ramadasan Kuttan. 2011. Inhibition of tumor progression by naturally occurring terpenoids. Pharmaceutical biology 49(10), 995-1007.
Component: CAMPHENE
This substance is Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) as a food additive by the US Food and Drug Administration
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
low
 
FDA - Priority based Assessment of Food Additive (PAFA) - U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

Impurities

Health issue
 
Level of Concern
 
Source
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
Known to cause cancer
 
some
 
Prop 65 - CA Proposition 65
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
Suspected of causing cancer
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
Only in: Oven Cleaner; Drain Opener/Clog Remover; Hard Water Stain Remover; Toilet Cleaner; Stove Top Cleaner; Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
Carcinogenic to humans
 
some
 
IARC 103 - IARC
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
Known To Be Human Carcinogen
 
some
 
NTP 12th RoC - NTP RoC
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
Probably carcinogenic to humans
 
some
 
EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) - Cancer - Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
Toxic if swallowed
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
Toxic in contact with skin
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
Toxic if inhaled
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
Generally accepted as an asthmagen
 
some
 
AOEC Asthmagen list - AOEC
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
Causes nasal cancer
 
some
 
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
suspected human carcinogen
 
some
 
Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis - American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
Asthmagen
 
some
 
AOEC Asthmagen list - AOEC
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
May cause an allergic skin reaction
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
European Union Ecolabel program data shows this substance has high acute toxicity to aquatic life
 
some
 
Detergents Ingredients Database - EU Ecolabel
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
Only in: Drain Opener/Clog Remover; Oven Cleaner; Hard Water Stain Remover; Toilet Cleaner; Stove Top Cleaner; Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
Causes respiratory irritation
 
some
 
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
Causes skin irritation
 
some
 
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
eye irritation
 
low
 
Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis - American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
EPA testing shows this substance has moderate acute toxicity to aquatic life
 
low
 
EPA Fathead Minnow Acute Toxicity Database - Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Impurity: FORMALDEHYDE
The European Union Ecolabel program reports this substance is readily biodegradable.
 
low
 
Detergents Ingredients Database - EU Ecolabel
 
 
About the ratings About the ratings
EWG provides information on cleaning product ingredients from the published scientific... continue reading →
EWG provides information on cleaning product ingredients from published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors that determine actual health risks, if any. (Hide)
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