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C

SODIUM LAURYL SULFATE

 
Asthma/Respiratory
 
No Data, Some Concern
 
Skin Allergies &
Irritation
 
Some Concern
 
Developmental &
Reproductive Toxicity
 
Low Concern
 
Cancer
 
Low Concern
 
Environment
 
Some Concern
 
Top scoring factors: Low concern for biodegradation; damage to DNA; developmental/endocrine/reproductive effects
SODIUM LAURYL SULFATE can be found in 162 products.
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Evidence

Health issue
 
Level of Concern
 
Source
The international Organisation for Economoic Co-operation and Development concluded that alkyl sulfates and sulfonates and alpha-olefin sulfonates are not mutagenic.
 
low
 
Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development. 2007. Alkyl Sulfates, Alkane Sulfonates, Alpha-Olefin Sulfonates. SIDS Initial Assessment Report for SIAM 25 October 16-19, 2007.
The international Organisation for Economoic Co-operation and Development reported that sodium lauryl sulfate is not genotoxic.
 
low
 
Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development. 1995. Sodium dodecyl sulfate CAS No. 151-21-3. SIDS Initial Assessment Profile for SIAM 5 October 28-30, 1995.
The international Organisation for Economoic Co-operation and Development concluded that alkyl sulfates and sulfonates and alpha-olefin sulfonates are not carcinogenic.
 
low
 
Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development. 2007. Alkyl Sulfates, Alkane Sulfonates, Alpha-Olefin Sulfonates. SIDS Initial Assessment Report for SIAM 25 October 16-19, 2007.
The international Organisation for Economoic Co-operation and Development concluded that alkyl sulfates and sulfonates and alpha-olefin sulfonates are readily biodegradable.
 
low
 
Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development. 2007. Alkyl Sulfates, Alkane Sulfonates, Alpha-Olefin Sulfonates. SIDS Initial Assessment Report for SIAM 25 October 16-19, 2007.
The international Organisation for Economoic Co-operation and Development reported that sodium lauryl sulfate is readily biodegradable.
 
low
 
Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development. 1995. Sodium dodecyl sulfate CAS No. 151-21-3. SIDS Initial Assessment Profile for SIAM 5 October 28-30, 1995.
The international Organisation for Economoic Co-operation and Development reported that sodium lauryl sulfate has a low bioconcentration factor.
 
low
 
Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development. 1995. Sodium dodecyl sulfate CAS No. 151-21-3. SIDS Initial Assessment Profile for SIAM 5 October 28-30, 1995.
The international Organisation for Economoic Co-operation and Development reported that sodium lauryl sulfate has a high NOAEL for developmental effects.
 
low
 
Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development. 1995. Sodium dodecyl sulfate CAS No. 151-21-3. SIDS Initial Assessment Profile for SIAM 5 October 28-30, 1995.
The international Organisation for Economoic Co-operation and Development concluded that alpha-olefin sulfonates are not toxic to reproduction.
 
low
 
Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development. 2007. Alkyl Sulfates, Alkane Sulfonates, Alpha-Olefin Sulfonates. SIDS Initial Assessment Report for SIAM 25 October 16-19, 2007.
The European Union Ecolabel program reports this substance is readily biodegradable.
 
low
 
Detergents Ingredients Database - EU Ecolabel
The European Union Ecolabel program reports this substance is anaerobically degradable.
 
low
 
Detergents Ingredients Database - EU Ecolabel
The international Organisation for Economoic Co-operation and Development concluded that sodium lauryl sulfate has low toxicity to male reproduction.
 
low
 
Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development. 2007. Alkyl Sulfates, Alkane Sulfonates, Alpha-Olefin Sulfonates. SIDS Initial Assessment Report for SIAM 25 October 16-19, 2007.
The international Organisation for Economoic Co-operation and Development concluded that alkyl sulfates and sulfonates and alpha-olefin sulfonates are not developmental toxicants.
 
low
 
Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development. 2007. Alkyl Sulfates, Alkane Sulfonates, Alpha-Olefin Sulfonates. SIDS Initial Assessment Report for SIAM 25 October 16-19, 2007.
This substance is Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) as a food additive by the US Food and Drug Administration
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
low
 
FDA - Priority based Assessment of Food Additive (PAFA) - U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
The international Organisation for Economoic Co-operation and Development concluded that alkyl sulfates and sulfonates and alpha-olefin sulfonates are not skin sensitizers.
 
low
 
Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development. 2007. Alkyl Sulfates, Alkane Sulfonates, Alpha-Olefin Sulfonates. SIDS Initial Assessment Report for SIAM 25 October 16-19, 2007.
The international Organisation for Economoic Co-operation and Development reported that alkyl sulfonates have moderate acute aquatic toxicity to Daphnia.
 
low
 
Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development. 2007. Alkyl Sulfates, Alkane Sulfonates, Alpha-Olefin Sulfonates. SIDS Initial Assessment Report for SIAM 25 October 16-19, 2007.
The international Organisation for Economoic Co-operation and Development reported that C12-18 alkyl sulfates have acute oral LD50s of greater than 2000 mg/kg body weight.
 
low
 
Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development. 2007. Alkyl Sulfates, Alkane Sulfonates, Alpha-Olefin Sulfonates. SIDS Initial Assessment Report for SIAM 25 October 16-19, 2007.
The international Organisation for Economoic Co-operation and Development reported that C12-16 alkyl sulfates can irritate skin at concentrations above 5 percent.
 
some
 
Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development. 2007. Alkyl Sulfates, Alkane Sulfonates, Alpha-Olefin Sulfonates. SIDS Initial Assessment Report for SIAM 25 October 16-19, 2007.
European Union Ecolabel program data shows this substance has high acute toxicity to aquatic life
 
some
 
Detergents Ingredients Database - EU Ecolabel
European Union Ecolabel program data shows this substance has moderate chronic toxicity to aquatic life
 
some
 
Detergents Ingredients Database - EU Ecolabel
The international Organisation for Economoic Co-operation and Development reported that sodium lauryl sulfate has an acute oral LD50 of 1,200 mg/kg body weight in rats.
 
some
 
Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development. 1995. Sodium dodecyl sulfate CAS No. 151-21-3. SIDS Initial Assessment Profile for SIAM 5 October 28-30, 1995.
The international Organisation for Economoic Co-operation and Development reported that C14-16 alpha-olefin sulfonate has an acute oral LD50 of 578 mg/kg body weight.
 
some
 
Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development. 2007. Alkyl Sulfates, Alkane Sulfonates, Alpha-Olefin Sulfonates. SIDS Initial Assessment Report for SIAM 25 October 16-19, 2007.
The international Organisation for Economoic Co-operation and Development concluded that C14-16 alpha-olefin sulfonates has moderate aquatic toxicity to fish
 
some
 
Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development. 2007. Alkyl Sulfates, Alkane Sulfonates, Alpha-Olefin Sulfonates. SIDS Initial Assessment Report for SIAM 25 October 16-19, 2007.
The international Organisation for Economoic Co-operation and Development reported that sodium lauryl sulfate has a chronic aquatic toxicity NOEC of 2 mg/L.
 
some
 
Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development. 1995. Sodium dodecyl sulfate CAS No. 151-21-3. SIDS Initial Assessment Profile for SIAM 5 October 28-30, 1995.
The international Organisation for Economoic Co-operation and Development noted repeated dermal exposure to at least 10 percent of C12-15 alkyl sulfates can cause dermal hyperplasia in mice.
 
some
 
Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development. 2007. Alkyl Sulfates, Alkane Sulfonates, Alpha-Olefin Sulfonates. SIDS Initial Assessment Report for SIAM 25 October 16-19, 2007.
The international Organisation for Economoic Co-operation and Development reported that sodium decyl sulfate has an acute oral LD50 of 290 mg/kg body weight.
 
moderate
 
Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development. 2007. Alkyl Sulfates, Alkane Sulfonates, Alpha-Olefin Sulfonates. SIDS Initial Assessment Report for SIAM 25 October 16-19, 2007.
The international Organisation for Economoic Co-operation and Development reported that sodium lauryl sulfate has an acute dermal LD50 of 200 mg/kg body weight in rabbits.
 
moderate
 
Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development. 1995. Sodium dodecyl sulfate CAS No. 151-21-3. SIDS Initial Assessment Profile for SIAM 5 October 28-30, 1995.
 
 
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EWG provides information on cleaning product ingredients from the published scientific... continue reading →
EWG provides information on cleaning product ingredients from published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors that determine actual health risks, if any. (Hide)
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