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SODIUM BENZOATE

 
Asthma/Respiratory
 
No Data, Some Concern
 
Skin Allergies &
Irritation
 
No Data, Some Concern
 
Developmental &
Reproductive Toxicity
 
Moderate Concern
 
Cancer
 
No Data, Some Concern
 
Environment
 
Low Concern
 
Top scoring factors: Low concern for biodegradation; acute aquatic toxicity; general systemic/organ effects
SODIUM BENZOATE can be found in 12 products.
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Evidence

Health issue
 
Level of Concern
 
Source
The European Union Ecolabel program reports this substance is readily biodegradable.
 
low
 
Detergents Ingredients Database - EU Ecolabel
The European Union Ecolabel program reports this substance is anaerobically degradable.
 
low
 
Detergents Ingredients Database - EU Ecolabel
European Union Ecolabel program data shows this substance has moderate acute toxicity to aquatic life
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
low
 
Detergents Ingredients Database - EU Ecolabel
This substance is Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) as a food additive by the US Food and Drug Administration
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
low
 
FDA - Priority based Assessment of Food Additive (PAFA) - U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
EPA testing shows this substance has low acute toxicity to aquatic life
 
low
 
EPA Fathead Minnow Acute Toxicity Database - Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
A peer-reviewed study shows this substance causes DNA damage in laboratory experiments with human cells.
Only in: Food
 
some
 
N. Zengin, D. Yüzbaşıoğlu, F. Unal, S. Yılmaz & H. Aksoy. 2011. The evaluation of the genotoxicity of two food preservatives: sodium benzoate and potassium benzoate. Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 49(4), 763-9.
European Union Scientific Committee on Food reports this substance causes developmental toxicity in animals at high doses.
Only in: Food
 
high
 
European Union Scientific Committee for Food. 2002. Opinion of the Scientific Committee on Food on Benzoic acid and its salts.
 
 
About the ratings About the ratings
EWG provides information on cleaning product ingredients from the published scientific... continue reading →
EWG provides information on cleaning product ingredients from published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors that determine actual health risks, if any. (Hide)
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