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F

COLORS

Products with this unspecific ingredient may be composed of any the specific substances listed below. The evidence shown is based on the most concerning group member.
Asthma/Respiratory
 
No Data, Some Concern
 
Skin Allergies &
Irritation
 
No Data, Some Concern
 
Developmental &
Reproductive Toxicity
 
No Data, Some Concern
 
Cancer
 
Moderate Concern
 
Environment
 
No Data, Some Concern
 
Top scoring factors: May contain ingredients with potential for government enforceable restrictions; cancer
This unspecific ingredient, Colors, can be found in 164 products.
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Evidence

Health issue
 
Level of Concern
 
Source
FD&C RED NO. 3
The FDA prohibits the use of this substance in cosmetics because it causes cancer in rats.
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
high
 
U.S. Food and Drug Administration. 1990. Termination of provisional listings of FD&C Red No. 3 for use in cosmetics and externally applied drugs and of lakes of FD&C Red No. 3 for all uses. Federal Register 55, 3516.
FD&C RED NO. 3
The European Food Safety Authority reports this substance causes thyroid tumors in rodents with limited relevance to humans.
Only in: Food
 
moderate
 
European Food Safety Authority & Panel on Food Additives and Nutrient Sources added to Food (ANS). 2010. Scientific Opinion on the re-evaluation of Erythrosine (E 127) as a food additive. EFSA Journal 9(1), 1854.
 
 
About the ratings About the ratings
EWG provides information on cleaning product ingredients from the published scientific... continue reading →
EWG provides information on cleaning product ingredients from published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors that determine actual health risks, if any. (Hide)
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